The eleventh volume in the series India’s National Security Annual Review 2011 concludes from a detailed analysis of India’s security environment that there are some major security threats, but not of such magnitude as to impede its economic growth and political stability.
On top of the list of India’s external security concerns is China’s growing military and economic power, its assertiveness vis-à-vis countries on its periphery and its endeavour to contain India, manifest in its strategic nexus with Pakistan and incursions into India’s borders. Added to these is the intractable boundary dispute, a persistent destablising factor in the bilateral relations. India nevertheless is trying to cope with China’s pressures by improving its defence capability and engaging China diplomatically. Pakistan remains another major security threat because of its covert policy of exporting terrorism into India despite its loud rhetoric on containing terrorist outfits, and the increasing radicalisation of its society, politics and security forces with worrisome implications of a possible jihadi take-over of the state.
On the other hand are such positives as India’s enduring strategic partnership with Russia and a growing one with the US, and its promising engagements with ASEAN, Africa and neighbouring countries which are either conflict-ridden (Afghanistan, Sri Lanka), or undergoing significant political transformation (Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar).
India’s internal security situation offers a mixed picture with a lull in insurgent movements in the northeast and popular unrest in the Kashmir valley, but persisting challenges posed by left-wing extremism in tribal areas.
Addressing such and other issues, this book would be indispensable for policy makers, members of the strategic community, and students of defence studies, international relations and political science.
Table of Contents
Preface. Map 1. Introduction PART 1: National Security Review 2. National Security Environment Satish Kumar (i) Global Security Trends (ii) External Security Situation (iii) Internal Security Developments 3. India’s Neighbourhood (i) Dynamics of Conflict in Afghanistan Gurmeet Kanwal and Samarjit Ghosh (ii) India and Bangladesh: Need for a Comprehensive Partnership Deb Mukharji (iii) India and Sri Lanka: Post-War Prospects P. Sahadevan (iv) Political Developments in Myanmar: Implications for India Rajiv Bhatia 4. Pakistan’s National Security 2010 FNSR Research Staff 5. Radicalisation and the Future of Pakistan Nirupama Subramanian 6. India and ASEAN Plus Baladas Ghoshal 7. India’s Engagement with Africa H. H. S. Viswanathan 8. India–US Strategic Partnership Jaithirth Rao 9. India’s Economic Security: Regaining Growth Momentum Chandrajit Banerjee 10. India’s Defence Modernisation Rahul Bedi 11. India’s Defence and Security Initiatives 2010 FNSR Research Staff PART II: National Security Challenges and Opportunities 12. China–Pakistan Strategic Nexus Jasjit Singh 13. Dealing with China: Diplomacy and Strategy Srikanth Kondapalli 14. Unrest in the Middle East: Emerging Trends S. Nihal Singh 15. Causes and Cures of Left-Wing Extremism S. D. Pradhan 16. The Triple-Trap, Dual Use and Single Reform: Towards Self-Reliance in High Technology V. Siddhartha 17. Sustainable Energy Security for India: Challenges and Options Anil Kakodkar 18. Cyber Warfare: Implications for India M. K. Sharma 19. Emerging India and Global Governance Arundhati Ghose 20. The Perils of Ignoring Geography B. G. Verghese PART III: India’s Strategic Partners: A Comparative Assessment FNSR Group of Experts PART IV: Chronology of Major Events 2010: The United States. Canada. Europe. Russia. Japan. China Pakistan. Nepal. Bangladesh. Sri Lanka. SAARC. East Asia. South East Asia. Central Asia – Caspian Sea Region. West Asia. South West Asia. Africa and Latin America. Major Global Developments. Index
Satish Kumar is former Professor of Diplomacy at Jawaharlal Nehru University, and currently Director, Foundation for National Security Research, New Delhi, India.