1st Edition

India's Neighbourhood Challenges and Opportunities

Edited By Shalini Chawla Copyright 2024

    India’s neighbourhood has witnessed crucial developments in the last decade: complex security challenges, looming economic crises, socio-political unrest, border clashes, China’s expanding engagement, India’s rising profile, and the COVID-19 pandemic. Over the last eight years, India has advocated the “Neighbourhood First” policy which ‘focuses on creating mutually beneficial, people-oriented, regional frameworks for stability and prosperity’. India’s neighbourhood presents complex dynamics, and the challenges demand attention and serious consideration in its policy options. The versatile neighbourhood also offers opportunities for India to extend cooperation at the regional level and address common strategic, economic, social and security concerns.

    India’s Neighbourhood: Challenges and Opportunities with insights of leading experts is a timely contribution to academia, practitioners, and keen readers. The book fills a critical void in the domain of neighbourhood studies and comprehensively analyses India’s bilateral relations with Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Iran, the Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The book assesses the traditional security challenges like terrorism, examines crucial non-traditional security issues (hydro-politics and climate change), scans the emerging dynamics of rare earth elements and evaluates the wider possibilities of India’s role in stirring regional cooperation in these key areas.

    Print edition not for sale in South Asia (India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Bhutan)


    Editor and Contributors

    Tables and Figures


    Anil Chopra

    1. India-China: Competition or Confrontation

    Anil Chopra

    2. India-Pakistan Relations: Dynamics Post Abrogation of Article 370

    Shalini Chawla

    3. India-Afghanistan Strategic Relations in the Past Three Decades: Post-Cold War, Post 9/11, and Post US Exit

    Hashim Wahdatyar

    4. India-Bangladesh: Convergence of Interests

    Sreeradha Datta

    5. India-Sri Lanka Relations: Contemporary Challenges and Prospects

    Samatha Mallempati

    6. India-Maldives: The Revitalisation of Bilateral Relations

    Shantanu Roy-Chaudhury

    7. India-Bhutan Relations: Present Trajectories and Future Possibilities

    Medha Bisht

    8. The India-Myanmar Affair: Between a Rock and a Hard Place

    Angshuman Choudhury

    9. Harnessing the Potential of India-Nepal Relations: Challenges and Prospects

    Pramod Jaiswal

    10. India and Iran in the Changing West Asian Regional Order

    Anu Sharma

    11. Hydrodynamics in South Asia

    Uttam Kumar Sinha

    12. India, South Asia, and Climate Change Cooperation: Challenges and Opportunities

    Dhanasree Jayaram and Priyanka Jaiswal

    13. Trends in Terrorism in India’s Neighbourhood

    Kriti M. Shah

    14. Rare Earth Elements and India’s Neighbourhood

    Neha Mishra



    Shalini Chawla is Distinguished Fellow at the Centre for Air Power Studies (CAPS), New Delhi. She joined CAPS in 2006 and has published more than 100 research articles/chapters in national and international journals/books on a wide range of issues relating to Pakistan and Afghanistan.