This volume explores the complexities of governance, law and politics in India’s Scheduled Areas. The Scheduled Areas (SAs) are those parts of the country which have been identified by the Fifth and sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India and are inhabited predominantly by tribal communities or Scheduled Tribes. SAs are often identified by their geographical isolation, primitive economies, and relatively egalitarian and closely-knit society. Irrespective of the constitutional provision for governance and a mandate of devolution of power in terms of funds, functions and functionaries, the backwardness of these areas have remained a challenge.
This volume attempts to explore the reasons behind the disregard for legal and institutional mechanism designed for the SAs. It examines the role of the State in the neoliberal era on fund allocation and utilization, governance of land and forest resources, ineffectiveness of the existing administrative structures and processes. It also looks into the interpretations of law by the judiciary while dealing with community rights vis-à-vis the state’s prerogative of bringing development to the regions; and how development concerns are addressed in the name of ‘good governance’ by various stakeholders.
Comprehensive and topical, this volume will be useful for scholars and researchers of political studies, development studies, developmental economics, sociology and social anthropology, and for policy makers.
1. Introduction PART I Governance in SAs: Laws, institutions and politics 2. Fund Allocation for Tribals in the Scheduled Areas: Lack of Inter-linkages and Utilization 3. Manki-Munda System of West Singbhum: Changing Ideologies of Governance and Development during pre-colonial and Colonial Eras PART II Good Governance: Dealing with Development Issues the Scheduled Areas 4. Instrumentalities of Governance in a multi-ethnic Nation-State: Scheduled Area governance 5. Role of Tribal Autonomous Councils in Economic Development in the Sixth Scheduled Areas 6. Governance of Common Property Resources in India 7. Development and Governance Challenges in Maoist Affected Areas: An Interrogation 8. Healthcare Performance Gap Among Tribal Population in India: An Analysis of Scheduled Areas PART III Judiciary, laws and litigation in SAs: Relief or confusion! 9. Historical Wrongs and Forest Rights: Nascent Jurisprudence on FRA 10. Panchayati Raj (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act PESA: Potentials and Reality11. Politics of Dispossession: Land, Laws and Protest in Jharkhand