History shows that travellers sought to experience the unfamiliar and exotic cultures and traditions of Indigenous peoples, with early examples of Indigenous tourism in the United States, Canada, Scandinavia, Australia, New Zealand and countries throughout Asia and Latin America. Similarly, contemporary travellers demonstrate a desire to seek out opportunities to experience Indigenous peoples and their cultures. Thus, we are witnessing worldwide growth in the awareness of, and interest in, Indigenous cultures, traditions, histories and knowledges.
Engagement in the tourism sector is regularly advocated for Indigenous peoples because of the socio-economic opportunities it provides; however, there are a range of cultural benefits including the maintenance, rejuvenation and/or preservation of Indigenous cultures, knowledges and traditions for Indigenous peoples who choose tourism as a vehicle to showcase their cultures. Consequently, tourism is regularly acknowledged as a means for facilitating the sustainability of tangible and intangible Indigenous cultural heritage including languages, stories, art, dance, rituals and customs. Importantly, however, the history of Indigenous peoples’ engagement in tourism has provided a range of examples of the threats to Indigenous culture that can accrue as a result of tourism (i.e., cultural degradation, commercialisation and commodification, authenticity and identity, among others). This book presents an exploration of the intersection between tourism and Indigenous culture.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Heritage Tourism.
1. Cultural Heritage and Indigenous tourism
Lisa Ruhanen and Michelle Whitford
2. Evolution of indigenous tourism among the Lacandon of Chiapas: an application of Weaver’s model
Pilar Espeso-Molinero and María José Pastor-Alfonso
3. Cultural sustainability – a framework for Aboriginal tourism in British Columbia
4. Developing indigenous tourism in the bomas: critiquing issues from within the Maasai community in Tanzania
Kokel Melubo and Anna Carr
5. Settler colonialism, Indigenous cultures, and the promotional landscape of tourism in Ontario, Canada's ‘near North’
Bryan S. R. Grimwood, Meghan L. Muldoon and Zachary M. Stevens
6. Authenticity as a compromise: a critical discourse analysis of Sámi tourism websites
Cecilia de Bernardi
7. Indigenous tourism in Australia: understanding the link between cultural heritage and intention to participate using the means-end chain theory
Trinidad Espinosa Abascal
8. The interpreter as researcher: ethical heritage interpretation in Indigenous contexts