Children face an overwhelming amount of information and a range of different choices every day, and so there has never been a more important time to understand how children learn to make judgments and decisions in our modern world. Individual Differences in Judgment and Decision-Making presents cutting-edge developmental research to advanceour knowledge and understanding of how these competencies emerge.
Focusing on the role of individual differences, the text provides a complementary theoretical approach to understanding the development of judgment and decision-making skills, and how and why these competencies vary within and between different periods of development. Sampling a diverse set of developmental paradigms and measures, as well as considering typical and atypically developing samples, this volume provokes thinking about how we can support our children and youth to help them make better choices.
Drawing on the expertise of a range of international contributors, this book will be of interest to students and researchers of thinking and reasoning from both cognitive and developmental psychology backgrounds.
Introduction: Development of judgment and decision-making skills meets the study of individual differences - Toplak and Weller; 1. The When and What of Adolescents' Risky Choice- Van Duijvenvoorde, Blankenstein, Crone and Figner 2. Losses loom lasrger than gains when predicting behavioral risk outcomes- Weller, Kim and Leve 3. Decision-making under risk in adolescents- Primi, Donati, Chiesi and Panno 4. Gist is sophisticated yet simple- Weldon, Corbin, Garavito and Reyna 5. Temporal discounting and associations with cognitive abilities and adhd-related difficulties in a developmental sample- Toplak, Hosseini and Basile 6. Reflective thought and actively open-minded thinking- Baron, Gurcay and Metz 7. Individual differences in decision-making competence in different age groups- Bruine de Bruin and Parker 8. Perspective-taking abilities across the lifespan- Giroux, Coburn, Connolly and Bernstein 9. The link between math and logic in adolescence- Morsanyi, Kahl and Rooney 10. Mullet, Hofmans and Schlottmann; afterword- Levin
Current Issues in Thinking and Reasoning is a series of edited books which will reflect the state of the art in areas of current and emerging interest in the psychological study of thinking processes.
Each volume will be tightly focussed on a particular topic and will consist of from seven to ten chapters contributed by international experts. The editors of individual volumes will be leading figures in their areas and will provide an introductory overview.
Example topics include thinking and working memory, visual imagery in problem solving, evolutionary approaches to thinking, cognitive processes in planning, creative thinking, decision making processes, pathologies of thinking, individual differences, neuropsychological approaches and applications of thinking research.