2nd Edition

Industrial Hygiene Improving Worker Health through an Operational Risk Approach, Second Edition

    216 Pages 45 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    216 Pages 45 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Society has become more educated on the impacts on human health and environment and there has been a noticeable decrease in the acceptance of this risk by workers and the public. However, to ensure a higher level of worker protection, a revised approach to industrial hygiene is needed focusing on risk-reduction. The second edition of Industrial Hygiene focuses on implementation of an industrial hygiene program, using a risk-based approach, in an operational environment. 

    Key elements of this book include balancing the art and science of industrial hygiene, risk-based industrial hygiene approaches, recognizing, evaluating, and controlling workplace hazards, medical monitoring for workers, emergency response, training and evaluating industrial hygiene programs. Updated concepts on leadership, emergency response and monitoring, management of industrial hygiene projects, and risk communication are addressed in this edition. The book incorporates the ISO: 45001 standard, "Occupational Health and Safety" into an industrial hygiene program, which further demonstrates a risk-based approach that is internationally recognized.

    This is an ideal read for any student, researcher, or practitioner in the fields of occupational health and safety, industrial hygiene, risk management and hazard control.

    New case studies with proposed solutions underpin the learning and the instructor resource pack comprising PowerPoint presentations, Question Bank, and Resources to Enhance Learning are available in this edition for qualified textbook adoption.



    About the authors


    Chapter 1       Occupational Safety and Health in the Workplace

    1.1   Introduction

    1.2   Multiple Facets of the Safety and Health Professional

    1.3   Industrial Hygiene Program Tenants

    1.4   Application and Implementation of Industrial Hygiene Program Elements

    1.4.1  Program Management and Administration

    1.4.2  Hazard Identification and Control Process

    1.4.3  Occupational Health Management

    1.4.4  Instrumentation and Calibration

    1.4.5   Data Management, Records and Reporting

    1.4.6  Training and Qualification

    1.4.7  Continuous Improvement

    1.5   Industrial Hygiene Key Focus Areas and Risk Reduction

    Questions to Ponder for Learning 

    Chapter 2       Art of Science of Industrial Hygiene

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 The Art of Industrial Hygiene

    2.2.1 The Art of Hazard Recognition and Control

    2.2.2 The Art of an Occupational Exposure Monitoring Strategy

    2.2.3 The Art of the Occupational Health Program

    2.2.4 The Art of People Management Solicit Feedback from the Workforce Team with the Workforce in Preventing Hazards Provide Positive Feedback Be Respectful and Trusting

    2.3 The Science of Industrial Hygiene

    2.3.1 The Science of Hazard Recognition and Control

    2.3.2 The Science of an Occupational Exposure Monitoring Strategy

    2.3.3 The Science of the Occupational Health Program

    2.3.4 The Science of People Management

    Questions to Ponder for Learning

    Chapter 3       Industrial Hygiene Professional

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Role of the Industrial Hygiene Professional

    3.3 Leadership and Organizational Structure

    3.3.1 Flat Organizational Structure

    3.3.2 Hierarchical Organizational Structure

    3.4 Communication for Results

    3.4.1 Technical and Non-Technical Workers and Colleagues

    3.4.2 Risk/Exposure Assessment Data and Results

    3.4.3 Relationship with the Workforce

    3.4.4 Engagement on Work Planning Teams

    3.5 Corporate Programmatic Support Role

    3.6 Industrial Hygienist as an Expert Witness

    3.7 Continuing Education and Professional Development

    3.7.1 College and University Curricula

    3.7.2 Retention of the Industrial Hygiene Professional

    3.7.3 Industrial Hygiene Certification

    3.7.4 Continuing Education

    3.7.5 Job Rotation

    3.7.6 Industrial Hygiene as a Generalist

    3.8 Legal and Ethical Aspects of Industrial Hygiene

    3.8.1 Professionalism

    3.8.2 Accountability

    3.8.3 Humility

    3.8.4 Reliability

    3.8.5 Trustworthiness

    3.9 Management of Industrial Hygiene Projects

    3.10 Emergency Response and Monitoring

    Questions to Ponder for Learning

    Chapter 4       Strategies for Exposure Monitoring and Instrumentation

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Regulatory Aspects of Industrial Hygiene

    4.3 Quantitative and Qualitative Exposure and Risk Assessment

    4.3.1 Quantitative Exposure and Risk Assessment

    4.3.2 Qualitative Exposure and Risk Assessment

    4.4 Process Flow of Exposure Assessment

    4.4.1 Defining the Scope of Work

    4.4.2 Developing a Monitoring Plan

    4.4.3 Implementing the Characterization and Monitoring Plan

    4.4.4 Similar Exposure Groups

    4.4.5 Occupational Exposure Control Banding

    4.4.6 Evaluating Data and Characterizing Exposures Application of non-threshold versus linear threshold models Occupational Exposure and Administrative Control Limits

    4.4.7 Develop Controls

    4.4.8 Document Results Peer Review and Validation

    4.4.9 Communicate Data Results

    4.4.10 Develop a Reevaluation Plan

    4.5 Occupational Safety and Health Characterization and Monitoring Equipment

    4.5.1 Diffusion Detector Tubes

    4.5.2 Vapor Monitor Badges

    4.5.3 Personal Air Sampling Pumps

    4.5.4 Handheld Electronic Monitors

    4.5.5 Fixed Air Monitors

    4.6 Case Studies to Facilitate Thoughtful Learning

    4.6.1 “The Presence of Intermittent Odor”

    4.6.2 “The Presence of Intermittent Odor” Lessons Learned

    4.6.3 “I Have Been Sick for 6 Months”

    4.6.4 “I Have Been Sick for 6 Months” Lessons Learned

    Questions to Ponder for Learning 

    Chapter 5       Risk-Based Industrial Hygiene

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Importance of Risk Assessment and a Risk-Based Approach to Hazard Management

    5.3 Identifying and Controlling Workplace Risks

    5.4 Addressing Industrial Hygiene Risks in the Workplace

    5.4.1 Industrial Hygiene Risk Assessment

    5.5 Risk Ranking

    5.6 Integration of a Rick-Based Consensus Standard Into Industrial Hygiene

    5.6.1 Industrial Hygiene Program Management and Administration

    5.6.2 Hazard Identification and Control Process

    5.6.3 Occupational Health Management

    5.6.4 Instrumentation and Calibration

    5.6.5 Data Management, Records, and Reporting

    5.6.6 Training and Qualification

    5.6.7 Continuous Improvement

    5.7 Risk Communications

    5.8 Risk Acceptance

    Questions to Ponder for Learning

    Chapter 6       Recognizing, Evaluating, and Controlling Workplace Hazards

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Historical Chemical and Industrial Hazards

    6.3 Chemical, Physical, Biological and Industrial Hazards of the Past Decade

    6.4 Workplace Hazard Inventories

    6.4.1 Task Hazard Inventory

    6.4.2 Facility Hazard Inventory

    6.5 Injury and Illness Logs and Inspection Trending

    6.6   Chemical Inventories: Usage, Storage, and Disposal Records

    6.7 Biological and Radiological Hazards Considerations

    6.8 Regulatory Inspections and Violations

    6.9 Hazard Control and Work Execution

    6.9.1 Hazard Elimination

    6.9.2 Product Substitution

    6.9.3 Engineering Controls

    6.9.4 Work Practices and Administrative Controls

    6.9.5 Personal Protective Equipment

    6.10 Integration of Hazard Recognition and Controls

    6.10.1 Planning Work

    6.10.2 Authorizing Work

    6.10.3 Work Execution

    6.10.4 Project Closeout

    6.11 Management by Walk-Around

    6.11.1 Preparation

    6.11.2 Communication

    6.11.3 Persistence to Connect

    6.12 Safety Through Design Designing Hazards Out of the Process

    6.13 Employee Engagement

    Questions to Ponder for Learning

    Chapter 7       Medical Monitoring and Surveillance of the Worker

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Medical Monitoring and Surveillance Program

    7.3 Establishment of Company Policies, Protocols, and Procedures

    7.4 Scheduling and Tracking of Physicals

    7.5 Interfacing with Medical Professionals

    7.6 Notification of Test Results

    7.7 Analysis of Occupational Health Dat

    7.8 Medical Monitoring Records and Reporting

    7.9 Case Study 1: Chromium IV Exposure

    7.10 Case Study 2: Beryllium Exposure

    Questions to Ponder for Learning

    Chapter 8     Workforce Training on Hazard Recognition and Control

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Why Provide Workplace Training?

    8.3 Developing an Effective Training Strategy

    8.4 Hazard Recognition, Evaluation, and Control Training

    8.4.1 Hazard Anticipation

    8.4.2 Hazard Recognition and Identification

    8.4.3 Evaluate Hazards

    8.4.4 Controlling Hazards

    8.5 Trainer Knowledge and Qualification

    8.6 Training Effectiveness Evaluation

    8.7  Other Training Methods and Tools

    8.7.1 Process or Tool Mock-Up

    8.7.2 Peer-to-Peer Training

    8.7.3 Training on the Job Site

    8.7.4 Hazard Identification Checklist

    8.7.5 The Use of Case Studies to Enforce Learning

    8.7.6 Micro Learning

    Questions to Ponder for Learning

    Chapter 9       Industrial Hygiene and Emergency Response

    9.1 Introduction

    9.1.1 Hurricane Katrina – United States

    9.1.2 La Porte, Texas Chemical Plant – United States

    9.1.3 September 11, 2001 – United States

    9.1.4 Collapse of the Rana Plaza – Bangladesh

    9.1.5 Glasgow Explosion - Scotland

    9.2 Approaches to Emergency Response

    9.3 Initiating Event

    9.4 Event Notification

    9.5 Risk Prioritization

    9.6 Event Response

    9.6.1 Resources and Equipment

    9.6.2 Logistical Support

    9.6.3 Event Response Communication

    9.6.4 Event or Site Transition

    9.7 Lessons Learned From 9/11

    9.7.1 Event Notification

    9.7.2 Event Response

    9.7.3 Site Transition

    Questions to Ponder for Learning

    Chapter 10     Evaluating the Industrial Hygiene Program

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Identifying the Program and Process to Assess

    10.3 Identifying Key Attributes to Assess

    10.4 Developing the Assessment Plan and Lines of Inquiry

    10.5 Performing the Assessment

    10.6 Data Analysis

    10.6.1 Data Organization

    10.6.2 Analysis Method

    10.6.3 Risk Management of Identified Hazards

    10.6.4 Relationship of Data to Existing Programs and Processes

    10.6.5 Data Storage and Management

    10.7 Document Assessment Results

    Questions to Ponder for Learning

    Chapter 11     Continuous Improvement

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Continuous Improvement Process

    11.3 Establishing the Performance Baseline

    11.4 Identify Areas for Improvement

    11.5 Industrial Hygiene Continuous Improvement Plan

    11.5.1 Goals and Objectives

    11.5.2 Corrective Actions and Improvement Initiatives

    11.6 Performance Monitoring and Metrics

    11.7 Case Study:  Tungsten Tools

    Questions to Ponder for Learning



    Dr. Frances Alston has more than 35 years of leadership experience in high hazards, diverse work cultures. She is an Instructor at a major university, a Senior Manager with an international company and the Past President (2018) of the American Society for Engineering Management. Dr. Alston is also a Fellow of the American Society for Engineering Management (ASEM) and has built a solid career leading the development and management of Environment, Safety, Health, and Quality (ESH&Q) programs in challenging cultural environments. She has a PhD in Industrial and System Engineering and an MSE degree in Engineering Management, both from the University of Alabama. She earned a Master’s degree in Hazardous and Waste Materials Management/Environmental Engineering from Southern Methodist University and a Bachelor of Science Degree in Industrial Hygiene and Safety/Chemistry from Saint Augustine's University. She holds certifications as a Certified Hazardous Materials Manager (CHMM) and a Certified Professional Engineering Manager (CPEM).

    Emily Millikin DeKerchove has over 39 years of leadership experience in regulatory, environmental, radiation protection, and safety and health at Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Defense (DOD) chemical and radiological operations and remediation. She has held various executive leadership positions in different operational environments and is a proven leader in achieving excellence in both program and field execution of safety and health, radiation protection, quality assurance, environmental, industrial hygiene, safety culture, and voluntary protection programs. Ms. Millikin DeKerchove earned a B.S. in Environmental Health with majors in both Industrial Hygiene and Health Physics from Purdue University. She is a Certified Industrial Hygienist (CIH) and Certified Safety Professional (CSP) and serves as an Advisory Board Member to the DOE National Supplementary Screening Program. Ms. Millikin DeKerchove currently provides consulting services to the DOE at the Hanford Site, Washington.