Changes in the dynamics of economic activities since the last decades of the 20th century have yielded major changes in the composition of industries and the division of labor and production across different regions of the world. Despite these shifts in the global economy, some industries have remained competitive even without relocating their operations overseas.
Industries and Global Competition examines how and why the specificities of certain industries and firms determined their choice of location and competitiveness. This volume identifies the major drivers of this process and explains why some firms and industries moved to other parts of world while others did not. Relocation was not the sole determinant of the success or failure of firms and industries. Indeed some were able to reinvent themselves at their original location and build new competitive advantages. The path that each industry or firm took varied. This book argues that the specific characteristics of each industry defined the conditions of competitiveness and provide a wide range of cases as illustrations.
Aimed at scholars, researchers and acadmeics in the fields of business history, international business and related disciplines Industries and Global Competition exmaines the unique questions; How and why did the specificities of certain industries and firms determine their choice of location and competitiveness?
Introduction Industry History: Its Concepts and Methods
Part 1: FDI and Global Competition
1. Advantage of Being a Giant: The Global Cigarette Industry since the 1980s
2. Access to Markets, Investment, Continentalization and Competitiveness: The Evolution of the Canadian Auto Sector
3. Different Ways to the Global Market: The Dynamics of Japan’s Electrical Equipment Companies
4. Exploring the Rise of Big Pharma: A French-Inspired Model for the Global Vaccine Industry
Part 2: Localized Knowledge as a Lasting Competitive Advantage
5. Longevity in Regional Specialization: the Dutch Water Construction Industry
6. Going Global in Fragmented Markets: The European Publishing Industry since the Second Postwar Period.
Nuria Puig and María Fernández-Moya
7. Small, Hidden and Competitive: the Japanese Chemical Industry since 1990
Part 3: Shift in Global Value Chains
8. Sourcing Competition across Industries: Japanese Department Stores and the Global Fast Fashion
9. "Swiss made" but Global: From Technology to Fashion in the Watch Industry, 1950-2010
10. How to Sail a Sinking Ship – Adapting to the Declining Competitiveness of the European Shipping Industry
Stig Tenold and Jari Ojala
11. Three Markets and Three Types of Competitiveness: Pulp and Paper Industry
Takafumi Kurosawa and Tomoko Hashino