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Industries of Architecture





ISBN 9781138946828
Published November 16, 2015 by Routledge
366 Pages

 
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Book Description

At a time when the technologies and techniques of producing the built environment are undergoing significant change, this book makes central architecture’s relationship to industry. Contributors turn to historical and theoretical questions, as well as to key contemporary developments, taking a humanities approach to the Industries of Architecture that will be of interest to practitioners and industry professionals, as much as to academic researchers, teachers and students. How has modern architecture responded to mass production? How do we understand the necessarily social nature of production in the architectural office and on the building site? And how is architecture entwined within wider fields of production and reproduction—finance capital, the spaces of regulation, and management techniques? What are the particular effects of techniques and technologies (and above all their inter-relations) on those who labour in architecture, the buildings they produce, and the discursive frameworks we mobilise to understand them?

Table of Contents

1. Industries of Architecture  Tilo Amhoff, Nick Beech and Katie Lloyd Thomas  Part 1: Architecture and the Representation of Industry  2. Allan Sekula’s Architectures of Industry and Industries of Architecture  Gail Day  3. Walter Gropius’ Silos and Reyner Banham’s Grain Elevators as Art-objects  Catalina Mejía Moreno  Part 2: Architecture Responds to Industry  4. The Collaborations of Jean Prouvé and Marcel Lods: An open or closed case?  Kevin Donovan  5. The Production of the Commons: Mies van der Rohe and the art of industrial standardisation  Mhairi McVicar  6. Modular Men: Architects, labour and standardisation in mid-twentieth century Britain  Christine Wall  7. Post 1965 Italy: The ‘Metaprogetto sì e no’  Alicia Imperiale  Part 3: The Construction Site  8. Introduction to Sérgio Ferro  Felipe Contier 9. Dessin/Chantier: An Introduction  Sérgio Ferro  10. Architecture as Ensemble: A matter of method  João Marcos Almeida de Lopes  11. Factory Processes and Relations in Indian Temple Production  Megha Chand Inglis  12. Construction Sites of Utopia  Silke Kapp  Part 4: The Work of Architects  13. Architectural Work :: Immaterial Labour  Peggy Deamer  14. Form as/and Utopia of Collective Labour: Typification and collaboration in East German industrialised construction  Torsten Lange  15. Tools for Conviviality: Architects and the limits of flexibility for housing design in New Belgrade  Tijana Stevanović  16. Counting Women in Architecture  Karen Burns and Justine Clark  Part 5: Economy  17. Building Design: A component of the building labour process  Jörn Janssen  18. The Place of Architecture in the New Economy  Andrew Rabeneck  19. Financial Formations  Matthew Soules  Part 6: Law and Regulation  20. French Architects’ Use of the Law  Robert Carvais  21. The Architectural Discourse of Building Bureaucracy: Architects’ project statements in Portugal in the 1950s Ricardo Agarez  22. Regulatory Spaces, Physical and Metaphorical: On the legal and spatial occupation of fire-safety legislation Liam Ross  23. Common Projects and Privatized Potential: Projection and representation in the Rotterdam Kunsthal Stefan White  Part 7: Technologies of Management  24. The Electrification of the Factory, or the Flexible Layout of Work(s) Tilo Amhoff  25. An ‘Architecture of Bureaucracy’: Technocratic planning of government architecture in Belgium in the 1930s  Jens van de Maele  26. Laboratory Architecture and the Deep Membrane of Science  Sandra Kaji-O’Grady and Chris L. Smith  27. Performativity and Paranoia (Or how to do the ‘Internet of Things’ with words)  Claudia Dutson  Part 8: Contemporary Questions 28. On Site  Nick Beech, Linda Clarke, Christine Wall with Ian Fitzgerald  29. BIM: The Pain and the Gain  John Gelder  30. The Sustainable Retrofit Challenge: What does it mean for architecture?  Sofie Pelsmakers and David Kroll  31. Risk and Reflexivity: Architecture and the industries of risk-distribution  Liam Ross  32. Unapproved Document Part O: Designing for ageing  Sarah Wigglesworth

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Editor(s)

Biography

Tilo Amhoff is Senior Lecturer in Architectural Humanities at the University of Brighton and a PhD candidate at the Bartlett School of Architecture (UCL). His research investigates the plan as specific medium and cultural technique that established a particular way of administrating and governing various entities; such as the factory, the city, and the economy in late 19th and early 20th century Germany. He is founder member of Netzwerk Architekturwissenschaft. (http://www.architekturwissenschaft.net)

Nick Beech is Lecturer in London’s History at Queen Mary, University of London. His research concerns the transformation of the construction industry and architectural professions during and immediately following the Second World War. Nick also researchers European ‘New Left’ arguments of the mid-twentieth century relating to ‘culture’, the ‘everyday’ and state formation. He currently holds (2014–1016) an Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Fellowship with the Canadian Centre for Architecture.

Katie Lloyd Thomas is a Senior Lecturer in Architecture at Newcastle University where she co-directs ARC, the Architecture Research Collaborative, and is an editor of the international journal arq. Her research is concerned with materiality in architecture and with feminist practice and theory. She is co-founder of the feminist collective taking place www.takingplace.org.uk. and edited Material Matters (Routledge, 2007). Her monograph Preliminary Operations: Material theory and the architectural specification is in preparation.

Reviews

'Industries of Architecture invites us to rethink what constitutes the ‘work’ of architecture – in the past, the present, and in the future. In a reversal of the usual emphasis in the humanities on design as the exclusive field of architects’ creative endeavours, Industries of Architecture offers an alternative view – one in which architects’ engagement with labour, with legal systems, with manufacturing practices, and with business organisation are no longer treated as contingent, but as central to what architects do.' - Adrian Forty, Professor Emeritus of Architectural History, Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL

'Industries of Architecture offers intriguing new evidence of the breadth and depth of architecture’s cultural diffusion. Its exploration of myriad aspects of architectural production supplies valuable historical documentation and useful theoretical strategies to shift the focus of architectural history away from the singular presence of architectural objects and toward the conditions and connections that make those objects possible.' - Aggregate Architectural History Collaborative