This volume, first published in 1990, commemorates one of the most notable economic historians of his age. Professor W.H. Chaloner taught in the History Department of the University of Manchester from 1945 to 1981. He preferred the article to the book as the most appropriate vehicle of publishing the results of his research. From 1938 to 1983 he wrote over 120 articles and prefaces, most of which appeared in historical journals and in the transactions of learned societies. These essays collected here cover a long period of time, from the Industrial Revolution to problems of the inter-war years in the twentieth century. They deal with a very wide range of topics, for Professor Chaloner was an authority on business, urban, transport, social and agricultural history.
Introduction Editors’ Preface. W.H. Chaloner: Memorial Address (by the Rev. B. Drewery). Memoir of a Partnership (by W.O. Henderson). W.H. Chaloner’s Bibliographical Introductions (by Harry Horton). Part 1. The Wilkinsons and the Iron Trade 1. The Brothers John and William Wilkinson and their Relations with French Metallurgy, 1775-1786 2. The Agricultural Activities of John Wilkinson, Ironmaster 3. Dr. Joseph Priestley, John Wilkinson and the French Revolution, 1789-1802 Part 2. Entrepreneurs and Innovation in British Industry 4. Hazards of Trade with France in Time of War, 1776-1783 5. New Light on Richard Roberts, Textile Engineer (1789-1864) 6. John Galloway (1804-1894), Engineer of Manchester, and his ‘Reminiscences’ 7. Was there a Decline of the Industrial Spirit in Britain 1850-1939? Part 3. Manchester as a Regional Metropolis 8. Robert Owen, Peter Drinkwater and the Early Factory System in Manchester, 1788-1800 9. Manchester in the Latter Half of the Eighteenth Century 10. The Birth of Modern Manchester 11. Manchester’s Historian. A Memoir of Arthur Redford, 1896-1961 Part 4. Social Aspects of the Industrial Revolution 12. Working-Class History and Middle-Class Historians: The Webbs, the Hammonds and the Coles 13. 1989: 1688 or 1789? 14. The Skilled Artisans during the Industrial Revolution, 1750-1850 15. The Hungry Forties 16. Mrs Trollope and the Early Factory System 17. Trends in Fish Consumption Part 5. Monetary Standards and Imperial Trade 18. Currency Problems of the British Empire, 1814-1914 Part 6. Select Bibliography of Professor Chaloner’s Writings (by D.A. Farnie)