Inequality in Financial Capitalism (Hardback) book cover

Inequality in Financial Capitalism

By Pasquale Tridico

© 2017 – Routledge

236 pages | 102 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781138944121
pub: 2017-03-14
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Description

Recently, the issue of inequality has regained attention in the economic and political debate. This is due to both an increase in income inequality, in particular among rich countries, and an increasing interest in this issue by researchers and politicians. In the last three decades, income inequality among rich countries increased. This period also witnessed the growth of "financial capitalism", characterised by the strong dependency of economies on the financial sector, by the globalisation and intensification of international trade and capital mobility, and by the "flexibilisation" of labour markets and the reduction of wage shares.

From the 1980s to the present day, this book considers the theoretical aspects of inequality (its foundations, definitions, approaches and origins) and examines empirical evidence of income inequality in a wide range of advanced economies. The key arguments in this volume are that income inequality increased during this period because labour and welfare became seen as costs to be compressed in "financial capitalism" rather than as a fundamental part of aggregate demand to be expanded. However, the welfare state is not a drain on economic performance and competitiveness, nor is it a barrier to economic efficiency. Instead, it is demonstrated that in countries that adopt "welfare capitalism", welfare state expenditure not only contributes to a reduction in inequality but also fosters economic growth.

Inequality in Financial Capitalism is of great importance to those who study economics, political economy, labour economics and globalisation.

Table of Contents

Introduction: income inequality, labour market and uneven development during financial capitalism

Part I Definitions, approaches and origins of income inequality

1. Theories, methods and varieties of inequality

2. The determinants of income inequality in rich countries

3. Welfare capitalism versus financial capitalism during globalisation

Part II Financialisation and financial crisis: policies and empirical evidences

4. The foundation of the financial crisis: inequality and labour flexibility

5. Varieties of capitalism, regulations and responses to the financial crisis: the European social model versus the US model

6. Economic policies and growth strategies after the crisis: different approaches in the US, Japan and the EU

7. Why some countries performed better than others during the initial phase of the crisis

8. Global imbalances and declining hegemony: looking for a new paradigm after the financial crisis

9. Conclusion

About the Author

Pasquale Tridico is a professor at the Roma Tre University in Rome, Italy. He is director of the two-year master’s degree in labour market, industrial relations and welfare systems and director of the master’s in human development and food security. He is lecturer of labour economics and economic policy, and is the Jean Monnet Chair of Economic Growth and Welfare Systems. He is also general secretary of the European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy (EAEPE).

About the Series

Routledge Frontiers of Political Economy

In recent years, there has been widespread criticism of mainstream economics. This has taken many forms, from methodological critiques of its excessive formalism, to concern about its failure to connect with many of the most pressing social issues. This series provides a forum for research which is developing alternative forms of economic analysis. Reclaiming the traditional 'political economy' title, it refrains from emphasising any single school of thought, but instead attempts to foster greater diversity within economics.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUS000000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / General
BUS069030
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Economics / Theory