Infrared Spectral Interpretation: A Systematic Approach, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Infrared Spectral Interpretation

A Systematic Approach, 1st Edition

By Brian C. Smith

CRC Press

288 pages

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pub: 1998-12-10
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Description

This author's second volume introduces basic principles of interpreting infrared spectral data, teaching its readers to make sense of the data coming from an infrared spectrometer. Contents include spectra and diagnostic bands for the more common functional groups as well as chapters on polyester spectra and interpretation aids.

Discussions include:

  • Science of infrared interpretation
  • Light and molecular vibrations
  • How and why molecules absorb infrared radiation
  • Peak heights, intensities, and widths
  • Hydrocarbons, carbonyl groups, and molecules with C-N bonds
  • Polymers and inorganic molecules
  • The use of atlases, library searching, spectral subtraction, and the Internet in augmenting interpretation

Each chapter presents an introduction to the nomenclature and structure of a specific functional group and proceeds with the important diagnostic bands for each group. Infrared Spectral Interpretation serves both novices and experienced practitioners in this field.

The author maintains a website and blog with supplemental material. His training course schedule is also available online.

Reviews

"This clearly written book…is a useful addition…Smith's approach is practical; a short theoretical introduction is followed by chapters on compounds…plus a good index and glossary. A generous assortment of illustrations of spectra and problems with solutions…"

-Choice Magazine, June 1999

Table of Contents

THE BASICS OF INFRARED INTERPRETATION

Advantages and Disadvantages of Infrared Spectroscopy

The Properties of Light

What Are Infrared Spectra Used For?

How Molecules Absorb Infrared Radiation

The Origins of Peak Positions, Peak Intensities, and Peak Widths

Dealing with Mixtures

Performing Identities

Infrared Spectral Interpretation: A Systematic 10-Step Approach

HYDROCARBONS

Straight Chain Alkanes

Estimating Hydrocarbon Chain Length

Branched Alkanes

Alkenes

Distinguishing cis and transisomers

Alkynes

Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Distinguishing Mono and Di- Substituted Benzene Rings

FUNCTIONAL GROUPS CONTAINING THE C-O BOND

Alcohols and Phenols

The Affects of Hydrogen Bonding

Distinguishing Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Alcohols

Ethers

Distinguishing Saturated and Aromatic Ethers

Methyl Groups Attached to an Oxygen

THE CARBONYL GROUP

Ketones

Aldehydes

Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives

Carboxylic Acids

Carboxylates (soaps)

Acid Anhydrides

Esters

Distinguishing Saturated and Aromatic Esters

Organic Carbonates

ORGANIC NITROGEN COMPOUNDS

Amides

Distinguishing Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Amides

Proteins

Imides

Amines

Distinguishing Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Amines

Nitriles

The Nitro Group

ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING SULFUR, SILICON, AND HALOGENS

Organic Sulfur Compounds

Thiols

Sufloxides, Sulfates, etc.

Organic Silicon Compounds

Silicones (Siloxanes)

Halogenated Organics

C-X Stretches

INORGANIC COMPOUNDS

The Impact of Water on Inorganic Spectra

Sulfates

Silica and Silicates

Carbonates

Nitrates

Phosphates

INFRARED SPECTRA OF POLYMERS

Polyethylenes

Polypropylene

Polystyrene

Polyesters

Acrylates

Isocyanates and Polyurethanes

Polycarbonates

Polyimides

Polytetrafluoroethylene

SPECTRAL INTERPRETATION AIDS

Atlases

Spectral Subtraction

Library Searching

"Expert" Software Programs

The Internet

About the Author

Dr. Brian C. Smith founded Spectros Associates in 1992. He has practiced spectroscopy for over 30 years, and has worked for companies such as Bell Labs and Bio-Rad. Dr. Smith is also an experienced trainer and thousands of people have benefited from his spectroscopy and software training. Dr. Smith is the author of Fundamentals of Fourier Transform Spectroscopy and Infrared Spectral Interpretation, published by CRC Press, and Quantitative Spectroscopy: Theory and Practice, published by Academic Press. Dr. Smith earned his Ph.D. in Chemistry from Dartmouth College, and graduated summa cum laude from Rochester Institute of Technology with a B.S. in Chemistry.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical