1st Edition

Inmate Radicalisation and Recruitment in Prisons

By Clarke Jones, Raymund Narag Copyright 2016
    206 Pages
    by Routledge

    206 Pages
    by Routledge

    It is traditionally viewed that vulnerable inmates form captive audiences for violent terrorist offenders who, in turn, are destined to turn prisons into training grounds for militant activities; all the while forming alliances with more hardened criminals to produce an even greater threat. However, there is limited empirical grounding to underpin these assertions.

    Inmate Radicalisation and Recruitment in Prisons challenges existing perceptions about prison radicalisation. Whilst not downplaying the seriousness of the prison radicalisation threat, it seeks a more balanced interpretation of current discussion. Drawing on original research in the Philippines and case studies from Australia, the US, Canada, Indonesia, the UK, France, the Netherlands, and Belgium, the authors posit an alternative view that suggests that the imprisonment of a terrorist may mark the beginning of physical disengagement and psychological de-radicalisation.

    Offering evidence-based insights to help determine how best to house terrorist offenders, this volume will appeal to students and researchers interested in fields such as Criminology and Criminal Justice, Terrorism, Prisons, and Organised Crime.

    Chapter 1 – Introduction



    Chapter 2 – The Inmate Social System and Coping with the "Pains of Imprisonment"

    Early Western Perspectives on Inmate Social Systems

    Inmate Code and Solidarity

    Inmate Leadership Structure

    Deprivation Perspective

    Importation Perspective

    Managerial Perspective



    Chapter 3 – Religion and Rehabilitation in Prisons

    Prison Conversions

    Role of Religion




    Chapter 4 – The Management of VEOs in Asia-Pacific



    VEO Assessment, Classification and Placement

    Corrections NSW

    Corrections Victoria

    The United States





    Chapter 5 – The Management of VEOs in Europe

    The United Kingdom


    The Netherlands


    Summary of Management Strategies



    Chapter 6 – The Complexity of the Philippines Correctional System

    Deprivation Perspectives

    Coping Mechanisms

    Inmate Prisonisation

    Inmate code

    Shared Governance and Prison Gangs

    Summary of Conditions



    Chapter 7 – Understanding VEOs in the Philippines Correctional System

    Origins of VEOs in the Philippines

    Part A: VEOs on Remand in Philippines Jails

    SICA 1

    SICA 2

    MMDJ Annex 2 and 3

    Inmate Risk Assessment, Classification, Case Management, and Programming

    Part B: Convicted VEOs in Philippines Prisons: NBP’s Maximum-Security Compound

    Mosque and Al-Rahman Islamic School

    De-Radicalisation / Intervention Programs

    Implications for VEO Management: A Way Forward in Managing VEOs

    A Way Forward



    Chapter 8 – Conclusion




    Clarke Jones is a criminologist based at the Research School of Psychology at the Australian National University, Australia

    Raymund E. Narag is an assistant professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at Southern Illinois University Carbondale, USA

    "How best to manage terrorists in prison, and to ensure that ordinary prisoners are not radicalized during their time in custody, are key issues confronting authorities around the world. Some favour isolation or segregation of convicted terrorists, while others advocate their integration in the general prison community. However, prisons vary widely within and between countries in terms of resources, administrative practices, inmate culture, and the role of religion in prisoner management. Consequently, there can be no "one size fits all" solution to the challenge of prisoner radicalization. The authors of this excellent book warn us against the risks of counterproductive initiatives, and sound a loud and clear call for evidence-based policy in this crucial policy space."

    Peter Grabosky, Emeritus Professor, School of Regulation and Global Governance, Australian National University

    "Using a wealth of ethnographic data, the book provides a fascinating look at punitive correctional policies aimed at violent extremists while also providing promising suggestions for reform. A great addition to the existing literature on terrorism that focuses on prison environments and inmate culture."

    Bryan F. Bubolz, Assistant Professor, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, USA

    "Inmate Radicalisation and Recruitment in Prisons is a comprehensive consideration of the policy dilemmas of terrorist offenders in prison. It elegantly surveys what we know from prisons in the west and Asia. The book grapples with the complexities of the policy choices. All options risk both radicalization of other prisoners by violent extremists and deradicalization of violent extremists by prison gangs, religious leaders and other social formations inside prisons. Clarke Jones and Raymund Narag have wide experience, especially in the Philippines and Australia, with violent extremists inside. They have dug d