In an increasingly globalised world, paradoxically regional innovation clusters have moved to the forefront of attention as a strategy for economic and social development. Transcending international success cases, like Silicon Valley and Route 128, as sources of lessons, successful high tech clusters in niche areas have had a significant impact on peripheral regions. Are these successful innovation clusters born or made? If they are subject to planning and direction, what is the shape that it takes: top down, bottom up or lateral?
1. Regional Governance in Global Innovation Processes Annika Rickne, Staffan Laestadius and Henry Etzkowitz 2. The Theoretical Foundation for Swedish Innovation Policy Staffan Laestadius and Annika Rickne 3. "Spaces": A triple helix governance strategy for regional innovation Henry Etzkowitz and Marina Ranga 4. Regional Dynamics in Non-metropolitan Hi-tech Clusters: A longitudinal study of two Nordic regions Jukka Teräs and Håkan Ylinenpää 5. Building Regional Strength in Global Competition: Collaborative patterns for life- science firms in Western Sweden Jens Laage-Hellman, Annika Rickne and Emelie Stenborg 6. Between the Regional and the Global: Regional innovation systems policy and industrial knowledge formation Linda Gustavsson, Cali Nuur and Staffan Laestadius 7. Regional Policy as Change Management: Theoretical discussions and empirical illustrations Martin Andersson and Börje Johansson 8. Constructing an Innovation Policy Agency: The case of the Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems Bo Persson 9. In What Way Do Policy Scripts Influence Practice? Fredrik Lavén, Björn Remneland-Wikhamn and Torbjörn Stjernberg 10. Can Regional Innovation Systems Be"Constructed"? Johan Johansson and Håkan Ylinenpää 11. Gender in Regional Innovation Systems: Why it matters and how it is mainstreamed in the Swedish case Malin Lindberg 12. Entrepreneurship and Public Policy in Emerging Clusters Bo Carlsson 13. The "Start Up Factor": Regional innovation policy convergence between the U.S. and Sweden Henry Etzkowitz 14. Lessons on Regional Innovation Governance in Open Economies Staffan Laestadius and Annika Rickne