This title was first published in 2003.During the 1990s research and technological development policies moved from a 'problem-solving' approach towards a wider one focusing on the systemic nature of the innovation process. This change can be featured as the transition from a technology policy towards an innovation policy. 'Innovation Policies in Europe and the US: The New Agenda' provides a comparative analysis of eleven highly industrialized countries’ innovation policies in the 1990s, and addresses the nature, dynamics, causes and effects of this transition. By combining the analytical skills of sociologists, economists and political scientists the book sets up a novel framework for studying the evolution of this particular policy area by examining institutional change from a broader perspective.
Table of Contents
Contents: Introduction: ideas and the transition from technology to innovation policy; The UK experiment - science, technology and industrial policy in Britain 1979-2000, Margaret Sharp; Public venture capital: the secret life of US science policy, Henry Etzkowitz; On the French system of innovation: between institutional inertia and rapid changes, Dominique Foray; Innovation policy in Finland, Tarmo Lemola; Changes in Danish innovation policy - responses to the challenges of a dynamic business environment, Jesper Lindgaard Christensen; Technology policy learning in The Netherlands 1979-1997, Marianne van der Steen; The internationalization of science and technology policy: Malta case study 1988-1996, Jennifer Cassingena Harper; Running after the international trend: Keynesian power balances and the sustainable repulsion of the innovation paradigm in Austria, Kurt Mayer; Evolution and revolution in policy-making: Hungarian industry, science and technology policy-making, Peter S. Biegelbauer; Socio-economic transition and new challenges for the science and technology policy in Slovenia, Franc Mali; The Italian system of innovation: the gradual transition from a weak ’mission-oriented’ system to a regionalized learning system, Fiorenza Belussi; How do economic ideas become relevant in RTD policy-making? lessons from a European case study, Jakob Edler; Conclusion: policy changes, actors, institutions and learning; List of authors; Index.
Dr Peter S. Biegelbauer, Head of Research Unit at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Vienna, Austria, and Lecturer at the Universities of Vienna and Innsbruck and Dr Susana BorrÃ¡s, Associate Professor at the Roskilde University in Roskilde, Denmark
’Biegelbauer and Borras provide a particularly worthwhile and insightful overview of the shift in science and technology policy towards innovation in a number of Western countries. The various cases written by leading scholars in the field are invaluable in providing a detailed account of the policy shift which took place over the nineties in each of these countries. A must for readers interested in the shifting boundaries of science, technology and innovation policy.’ Professor Luc Soete, Maastricht University, The Netherlands ’This book brings a new, important, input into the process of international policy learning and its characterization of innovation policy as constituted by the promotion of policy co-ordination, learning and knowledge appropriation, functional flexibility and organizational change is very much to the point. I strongly recommend readers to study carefully the different cases presented in this book.’ Professor Bengt-Ã…ke Lundvall, Aalborg University, Denmark