In the last four decades the developed economies have developed into veritable knowledge economies at the same time as more and more economies have entered the road to economic development. Typical for the developments during this time has been substantially increased investments in research and development (R&D) to generate new knowledge and new technologies and increased investments in diffusing existing knowledge by means of education and thereby raising the volume of human capital.
However, many member states and regions within the EU are struggling with their economic development. This book explores the uneven patterns of development within the EU, discusses the relative effect of investments on innovation and productivity growth and looks at the mechanisms involved in economic development and policy.
"This book examines the evolution of the Swedish economy over the past two centuries. Focusing on growth and transformation, it strives to provide a long-term perspective on the historical contexts and forces that have shaped 21st century Sweden." - Rodney Edvinsson, Stockholm University, Sweden
1. Introduction Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson and Roger R. Stough 2. Three Stories about National Systems of Innovation Alina Lidén 3. Innovation, Productivity and Export: Evidence from Italy Roberto Antonietti and Giulio Cainelli 4. Profiting from the Breakthrough: Technology Commercialisation in the Global Age Samantha Sharpe 5. Innovation and Regional Disparities: A Survey of Regional Growth Drivers and Economic Performance Andreas P. Cornett and Nils Karl Sørensen 6. Knowledge Integration and Network Structure: Modelling Innovation Activity Piergiuseppe Morone and Richard Taylor 7. Proximity, Innovation and Success within Free/Libre Open Source Software Development Project Nicola Bellantuono, Pierpaolo Pontrandolfo and Barbara Scozzi 8. Knowledge Creation and Innovation in Medium Technology Clusters Riccardo Cappelin 9. Invention, Innovation and Regional Growth in Swedish Regions Olof Ejermo and Urban Gråsjö 10. Intengible Assets and MNEs' Locational Strategies for Innovation - Or, Why the Regional Matters: Empirical Insights from Germany and the UK Jan-Philipp Kramer, Javier Revilla Diez, Elisabetta Marinelli and Simona Iammarino 11. High-Technology and Regionis in a Era of Open Innovation Darrene Hackler 12. Regional Innovation, Growth and Convergence - Divergence Patterns in the EU George Petrakos and George Anastasiou 13. A Social Capital Approach to Regional Transformation Marina Jogmark 14. A Multi-Dimensional Perspective on the Role of Social Capital in Innovation Soogwan Doh 15. The Potential of Place: Using Location to Attract Global Talent Kathrine Richardson, Richard Florida and Kevin Stolarick