Since the early 2000s, state-led and innovation-focused strategies have characterized the approach to development pursued in countries around the world, such as China, India, and South Korea. Brazil, the largest and most industrialized economy in Latin America, demonstrates both the opportunities and challenges of this approach. Over the course of nearly 20 years, the Brazilian government enacted various policies and programs designed to strengthen the country’s capacity to innovate. It increased spending on science and technology, encouraged greater collaboration between industry and universities, and fostered the creation of new institutions whose primary aim was to facilitate greater private research and development (R&D) spending.
In this book, the editors unite a diverse array of empirical contributions around a few key themes, including public policies, institutions and innovation ecosystems, and firms and industries, that collectively make the case for a new, forward-looking innovation agenda aimed at addressing persistent challenges and exploiting emerging opportunities in Brazil. Its conclusions offer valuable lessons for other developing and emerging economies seeking to accelerate innovation and growth in the modern age.
With its interdisciplinary and wide-ranging contribution to the study of innovation, as well as attention to broader policy implications, this book will appeal to scholars and professionals alike.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Innovation in Brazil: Advancing Development in the 21st Century Part I The Political Economy of Innovation 1. Institutions, Politics, and State-led Innovation 2. Accelerating Innovation in Brazil in the Age of Global Value Chains 3. Innovation Policy in Brazil Since 2003: Advances, Incoherencies, and Discontinuities Part II Towards a Knowledge Economy: Knowledge Creation and Diffusion 4. Science and Innovation in Brazil: Where to Now? 5. Benchmarking University/Industry Research Collaboration in Brazil 6. Universities as Engines of Innovation: The Context for Tech Transfer in Case Studies from Brazil and the U.S. Part III Institutional Innovations 7. Institutional Dimensions of Innovation Policy in Brazil 8. Beyond Research and Technology Organization (RTO) Benchmarking: Towards a Typology of Innovation Intermediaries 9. Beyond the Silicon Valley Consensus: Understanding the Organizational Challenges and Opportunities for Promoting Innovation in Brazil 10. Building Trust in Innovation: The Case of EMBRAPII Part IV Firms, Industries and Innovation in the Global Economy 11. Brazil’s Promise: Boosting Productivity for Shared Prosperity 12. Resource-Led Industrial Development in the Oil and Gas Global Value Chain: The Case of Brazil 13. Innovation in Advanced Energy: Towards a Mission-Oriented Agenda for Second-Generation (2G) Ethanol in Brazil 14. The Political Economy of Collective Learning in Generic Pharmaceuticals
Elisabeth B. Reynolds is Executive Director of MIT’s Industrial Performance Center and Lecturer in the Department of Urban Studies and Planning.
Ben Ross Schneider is Ford International Professor of Political Science at MIT and Director of the MIT-Brazil program.
Ezequiel Zylberberg is a Research Affiliate at MIT’s Industrial Performance Center.