Essential reading on the latest advances in virtual prototyping and rapid manufacturing. Includes 110 peer reviewed papers covering: 1. Biomanufacturing, 2. CAD and 3D data acquisition technologies, 3. Materials, 4. Rapid tooling and manufacturing, 5. Advanced rapid prototyping technologies and nanofabrication, 6. Virtual environments and simulation and 7. Novel Applications. For all thos working on V&RP, focused on inducing increased collaboration between industry and academia.

    Invited lectures

    New challenges for Reverse Engineering in facial treatments: how canthe new 3-D non invasive surface measurements support diagnosis and treatment?, L.M. Galantucci

    1. Biomanufacturing

    Scaffold Micro-Architecture Optimization Based on Bio-Mimetic Principles, A.B. Bucklen, B.M. Wettergreen & C.M. Liebschner

    A minibioreactor for developing "perfused" capillaries in cardiomyocyte aggregates, C.K. Chua, D. Liu, F. Leong, V. Mironov & V. Kasyanov

    Spinning of biomaterial microfibers for tendon tissue engineering, C.K. Chua, J. An, K.F. Leong, C.M. Cheah & H. Chang

    Stereolithographic Rendering of Low Molecular Weight Polymer Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering, D. Dean, J. Wallace, K. Kim, A.G. Mikos & J.P. Fisher

    Process flow for designing functionally graded tissue engineering scaffolds, .K. Chua, N. Sudarmadji, K.F. Leong, S.M. Chou, S.C. Lim & W.M. Firdaus

    Indirect fabrication of tissue engineering scaffolds using rapid prototyping and a foaming process, J.Y. Tan, C.K. Chua & K.F. Leong

    Fractal Tool Paths for Layered Manufacturing of Scaffolds with Matched Bone Properties, G.S. Kumar & P. Pandithevan

    BioExtruder: Study of the influence of process parameters on PCL scaffolds properties, M. Domingos, F. Chiellini, A. Gloria, L. Ambrosio, P. Bartolo & E. Chiellini

    The use of Periodic Minimal Surfaces for Scaffolds design, H.A. Almeida & P.J. Bártolo

    Intelligent biopolymer selection system for medical applications, C.S. Moura, P.J. Bártolo & H.A. Almeida

    2. CAD and 3D data acquisition technologies

    Rapid Prototyping models of foetuses built from Ultrasound 3D and Magnetic Resonance files, J.R.L. Santos, J.R.L. Santos, R.C. Fontes, S. Campbell & H. Werner

    A Computer Aided Design (CAD) support tool for parametric design of products for Rapid Manufacture (RM), P.C. Smith & A.E.W. Rennie

    Comparison of CT and CBCT for Fabrication of Dentistry Models via Rapid Prototyping Technology, H. Kheirollahi, F. Abesi & S. Rahmati

    Global approach to design and manufacture Direct Parts, J.Kernion, P.Mognol & J.Y.Hascoët

    Novel Methodology in Design of Custom-made Hip Prosthesis, F. Abbaszadeh, S. Rahmati, F. Farahmand & R. Fatollahzadeh

    Use of BioCAD in the Development of a Growth Compliant Prosthetic Device for Cranioplasty of Growing Patients, D.T. Kemmoku, P.Y. Noritomi, F.G. Roland & J.V.L. da Silva

    Artificial teeth manufacturing: inspection of mould and teeth by contactless scanning systems, E. Atzeni, L. Iuliano, P. Minetola, A. Salmi & A. Gatto

    Guided dental surgery based on integrating 3D image slicing and structured light scanning, S. Barone, A. Paol & A. V. Razionale

    A robotic system for 3D optical scanning of large surfaces, M. Maggini, S. Barone, A. Paoli & A.V. Razionale

    A simple photogrammetric system for automatic capture and measurement of facial soft tissues during movement, L. M. Galantucci, F. Lavecchia & G. Percolo

    3D digitation of museum sculptures for model-making purposes: difficulties and possible solutions, G. Celani, L. Cancherini, A. Jardini, M. Oliveira, J.V.L. da Silva & V. Piccoli

    The use of technologies as Rapid Prototyping and Scanner Inspection in surgical planning to medical application, C.B.L. Ulbrich, H.A. Hermini & C.A.C. Zavaglia

    Performance evaluation of non contact measuring systems considering bias, M. Cavallaro, G. Moroni & S. Petrò

    A surgical training model manufacture using rapid prototyping technology, L. Queijo, J. Rocha, L. Barreira, T. Barbosa, P.M. Pereira & M.S. Juan

    Image based modeling and morphological analysis of the human knee, G. Renner & L. Hajder

    Design of customised bioceramic medical implants by layered manufacturing, S. F. Khan & K.W. Dalgarno

    Reverse Innovative Design in Rapid Modelling and Reverse Engineering Industrial Applications, A.E. Sonn & D.M. Dimitrov

    3D-Digitalization of ankle movement and 3D-CAD-method for patient specific external ankle support development and Rapid Manufacturing, R. Björkstrand, J. Tuomi, M. Paloheimo, J. Lindahl & J. Salo

    3. Materials

    Experimental Investigation of Charpy Impact Test on Metallic SLM parts, E. Yasa, J Deckers, J.P. Kruth, M. Rombouts & J. Luyten

    Series production of CE-certified orthopaedic implants with integrated network structures for improved bone ingrowth, P. Cremascoli & P. Ohldin

    Densification and coarsening of lase sintered green parts by microwave technique, P. Veronesi, A. Gatto & L. Iuliano

    Functionally graded PA12/MWCNTs composite fabricated by SLS to aerospace applications: mechanical and electrical behaviour, R.A. Paggi, G.V. Salmoria, A. Lago & V.E. Beal

    Rapid Manufacturing of Polycaprolactone / Progesterone Drug Delivery Device by SLS, G.V. Salmoria, P. Klauss, R.A. Paggi, M. Souza, L.A. Kanis & K.M. Zepon

    Selective Laser Melting of NiTi shape memory components, H. Meier, C. Haberland, J. Frenzel & R. Zarnetta

    Laminated Object Manufacturing (LOM) of Glass Ceramics Substrates for LTCC Applications, C.M. Gomes, N. Travitzky, P. Greil, A. P.N. Oliveira & D. Hotza

    Extrusion Behavior of Chocolate for Additive Layer Manufacturing, L. Hao, O. Seaman, S. Mellor, J. Henderson, N. Sewell & M. Sloan

    Production of fully ferrous components using Indirect Selective Laser Sintering, P. Vallabhajosyula & D.L.Bourell

    On Mechanical Properties of SFF-made Calcium Polyphosphate Bio-Structures, Y. Shanjani & E. Toyserkani

    On the effects of build orientation in powder-fed Additive Layer Manufacture of steel 316L, E. Bassoli, A. Gatto, N.T. Sewell & D. Johns

    Multiphase numerical modeling of metallic particle composites, C. Capela, J. Bolrão, F.V. Antunes & P. Camaño

    Study of materials applied to an orthopaedic external circular fixator, C. Capela, L. Oliveira, P. Camaño, P.Bártolo& I. Garcia

    4. Rapid tooling and manufacturing

    Direct Rapid Tooling for Die Forging – a new challenge for Layer-Based Technologies, R. Neugebauer, B. Mueller & A. Wagner

    An automated method for RM feasibility evaluation, J. Munguía & F. Fenollosa

    Layer Laminating Increases the Cost Effectiveness of Custom and Standard Last Manufacturing in the Footwear Industry, U. Klaeger

    Embedding Of Electronic And System In Package Using Generative Processes, F. Ansorge, K. Heumann, D. Ifland, H. Reichl

    The influence of the mould material on the rheology and mechanical characteristics of hybrid injection moulds, L. Cardon, A. Dekeyser, M. Moerman, S. Vernaillen & K. Ragaert

    Design for Rapid Manufacturing - Capturing Designers’ Knowledge, S. Maidin and R.I. Campbell, I. Drstvensek & P. Sever

    Direct Fabrication of an in-situ Al Composite using Selective Laser Melting Process, S. Dadbakhsh, L. Hao, N. Sewell, P. Jerrard

    Warpage of injection mouldings in hybrid moulds with epoxy-aluminium composite core, M.A. Silva, P.G. Martinho & A.S. Pousada

    Rapid Manufacturing in Automation Applications, Ralf Becker & Andrzej Grzesiak

    Digital design and rapid manufacturing in orbital wall reconstruction, M. Salmi, J. Tuomi, K.Paloheimo, M. Paloheimo, R. Björkstrand, A.A. Mäkitie, K. Mesimäki & R. Kontio

    Direct Manufacturing of dense parts from martensitic precipitation hardening steel gas atomized powder by selective laser melting (SLM) technology, M. Averyanova & Ph. Bertrand

    Studying the repeatability in DMLS technology using a complete geometry test part, J. Delgado, J. Ciurana, C. Reguant & B. Cavallini

    Cooling channel configuration in Injection Moulds, D. Dimitrov, A. Moammer & T. Harms

    5. Advanced rapid prototyping technologies and nanofabrication

    A Practical Approach on Temperature Variation in Selective Laser Melting with a Novel Heat Transfer Model, C.K. Chua, A. Liu & K.F. Leong

    Study and simulation of different scanning strategies in SLM, J. Jhabvala, E. Boillat, T. Antignac & R. Glardon

    Interface Attachibilty Analysis of Printed Patterns through Electrostatic Inkjet System, A.Ali, A. Rahman, K.H. Choi, B.S. Yang & D.S.Kim

    The Development of a Generic Rapid Prototyping Process Planning System, N. Volpato & J.A. Foggiatto

    Hibrid Organic-Inorganic Nanocomposite for Infrared Laser Stereolithography Process, M.I.R. Barbosa, A.L. Jardini, M.C.B. Costa, R.A. Rezende & R. Maciel Filho

    The future of electronic products: conductive 3D Printing?, O. Diegel, S. Singamneni, B. Huang & I. Gibson

    Challenges and Opportunities in obtaining Rapid Ceramic Components by means of Subtractive Methods applied to Non Sintered Materials, J.R. Gomà-Ayats, J. Minguella-Canela & R. Uceda-Molera

    New Generation of Rapid Manufacturing Equipment, O. Hangaard

    A three dimensional FE-model for the investigation of transient physical effects in Selective Laser Melting, M.F. Zaeh, G. Branner & T.A. Krol

    A benchmark for accuracy evaluation of dental crowns up-to-date manufacturing, E. Atzeni, L. Iuliano, P. Minetola, A. Salmi & A. Gatto

    Design of a micro-channel reactor for decomposition of organic pollutants in waste water treatment, G. Charles, S. Corbel, M-C. Carré, T. Roques-Carmes, O. Zahraa

    Internal structure Optimization for Fused Deposition Modeling ABS Parts, L.M. Galantucci, F. Lavecchia, G. Percoco

    Simulation based Multi-Objective Optimisation Model for the SLS Process, A.K. Singh & R.S. Prakash

    Multi-objective optimization of part orientation to improve process planning in RM, S. Danjou & P. Köhler

    The production of Ti-6Al-4V parts with controlled porous architecture by three-dimensional fiber deposition, M. Rombouts, S. Mullens, J. Luyten, P. Nuyts & M. Schroeven

    3D Microstructuring of Hybrid Organic-inorganic Materials by Two-Photon Polymerization Technique, A.Ovsianikov, Boris Chichkov, M. Oubaha, R. Copperwhite, B.D. MacCraith, A Gaidukeviciute, I. Sakellari, A. Giakoumaki, D. Gray, M. Vamvakaki, M. Farsari, & C. Fotakis

    Buid Time Estimator for Adaptive Slicing in Stereolithography, A.Sanati Nezhad, M. Vatani, F. Barazandeh & A.R. Rahimi

    Construction and Adaptation of na Open Source Rapid Prototyping Machine for Biomedical Research Purposes – a Multinational Collaborative Development, A.L. Lixandrão Filho, P.Y. Noritomi, J.V.L da Silva, P. Inforçatti Neto, P.Y.C. Cheung, N. Colangelo, H. Kang, J.T. Buthcer & E. Malone

    Micro laser-milling of graphite: analysis of process parameters, J. Monteiro, P.J. Bártolo & C. Capela

    6. Virtual environments and simulation

    Towards ontology-based information extraction in distributed manufacturing systems, B.X. Li, L. Yang, S.K. Ong, Y. Lei & A.Y.C. Nee

    A Virtual Manufacturing System of Screw Threads Generation with Tasks Schedule Approach, J.S. Liang

    An Interactive Multimedia Approach to Enhance Learning of Rapid Prototyping, C.K. Chua, T.T. Vu, K.F. Leong & C.S. Lim

    Products experience: how can Virtual Prototyping improve usability testing?, M. Mengoni, M. Germani & M. Peruzzini

    Efficient use of Traditional-, Rapid- and Virtual Prototyping in the industrial product development process, R. Bastiens, J. Detand, O. Rysman & T. Defloo

    Using an immersive virtual environment to validate cellular manufacturing system simulation models, H.J.R Carvalho, C. Oliveira, H.C. Vale, D.C. Sena & A.J.V. Porto

    Analysis and Fabrication of New Designed Dental Implant using Rapid Prototyping Technology, S. Rahmati, H. Kheirollahi & A. Azari

    A model for project-based environmental compliance management for small and medium enterprises, E.C.K. Chan & K.M. Yu

    New perspectives on form: real-time, virtual modeling in networked 3d environments, S.B. Fraser, M. Lyons, T.J. Miller, M. Barnard,H.K. Henning, J. Looser, H. Seichter & M. Billinghurst

    Adaptive Logistics: Simulation based decision making in assembly planning and –control, A.Kampker, G. Schuh, B. Franzkoch, T. Potente & T. Welter

    Breaking paradigms – The teaching of RM to "experienced newcomers", J.Munguía & M. Villegas

    Design-by-the-Customer through Virtual Reality, A.G. Bachvarov, S. Maleshkov, P. Stojanova & J. Katicic

    Context information complemented virtual prototyping of factories, A.Kampker, G. Schuh, A. Hoeschen & J. Nöcker

    Form follows algorithm: Computer derived design for rapid manufacturing, S. Killi

    Concurrent design and development of a chassis set for an electromechanical transmission system, F. Fenollosa-Artés, J. Minguella-Canela & J. R. Gomà-Ayats

    A Multi-agent Based Dynamic Scheduling Framework for Virtual Enterprises, S.H. Niu, S.K. Ong & A.Y.C. Nee

    Integration of Rapid Manufacturing processes in a high-level numerical chain, R. Bonnard, P. Mognol & J.Y. Hascoët

    A holistic approach for customer-oriented product engineering of micro devices, K. Hahn, T. Schmidt, R. Brück, D. Ortloff & J. Popp

    Fully GPU-based volume representation and material removal simulation of free-form objects, B. Tukora & T. Szalay

    Low-cost gesture detection as a form of interaction in a virtual reality multi-projection system, C. Oliveira, D.C. Sena, H.M.C. Vale, H.J.R. Carvalho & A.J.V. Porto

    Construction of Immersive Multi-projection Environments for Treatment of Phobia of Heights, H.M.C Vale, C. Oliveira, D.C. Sena & A.J.V. Porto

    Virtual Reality for Assembly Simulation and Ergonomic Analysis in automotive chain of production, M. Cavallaro & G. Moroni

    Biomechanical response simulation of tetrahedral mass-spring model of intervertebral disc in a spine segment with haptic interface, K.T. Huynh, I. Gibson & W.F. Lu

    An approach to develop a rapid manufacturing knowledge-based environment, Tahar Laoui

    "3D Faxing": Rapid prototyping of new product and process systems to help manage multi-national development teams, O. Diegel, D.P.K. Singh, S. Singamneni, A. Withell

    Finite elements analysis of cylindrical copper shelled SLA electrodes, V. Iakovakis, J. Kechagias, G. Petropoulos & S. Maropoulos

    7. Applications

    EOS innovations for e-manufacturing: High performance polymers and integrated quality management system, J. Greses & C.M. Stotko

    Digital technologies and the potential for CNC texturing the built environment, T. J. Miller

    Rapid Manufacture of Dies and Moulds using Fused Deposition Modeling and Electrical Discharge Machining, S. Singamneni, O. Diegel, D.P.K. Singh & A.R. Chowdhury

    Application of 3D colour printing for the rapid prototyping of functional models, S. Junk & J. Sämann-Sun

    The Power of a Single Prototype: Sustainable Fashion Textile Design and the prevention of Carcinogenic Melanoma, J. Farrer RCA & A. Finn

    Technology transfer in digital prototyping by means of research laboratories: two case studies in architecture schools, G.Celani, R. Pupo & J. Duarte

    A Design increase to hospital regulator pressure, F. Ulbrich, C.B.L. Ulbrich & C.A.C. Zavaglia

    Potential of Building Information Modeling (bim) system, M. R. Oliveira

    Medical Applications of Rapid Prototyping – from Applications to Classification, J.Tuomi, K. Paloheimo, R. Björkstrand, M. Salmi, M. Paloheimo & A. A. Mäkitie

    Cost and benefit analysis of fused deposition modelling (FDM) technique and selective laser sintering (SLS) for fabrication of customised foot orthoses, J.M. Saleh & K.W. Dalgarno

    A Novel Methodology in Design and Fabrication of Lingual Orthodontic Appliance Based on Rapid Prototyping Technologies, H. Kheirollahi, S. Rahmati & F. Abesi

    Design of Ergonomic Leisure Chair, C. Capela, A. Cerva, & P. Camaño & F.V. Antunes


    Paulo Bartolo is Professor of Advanced Manufacturing Processes at the Polytechnic Institute of Leiria (IPL), Portugal, and Head of the Mechanical Engineering Department at the School of Technology and Management of IPL. He is Co-Director of the Postgraduate Research Centre at IPL, Fellow of the Institute of Polymers and Composites at the University of Minho (Portugal), Advisor of the Portuguese Agency for the Development and Innovation and President of the Portuguese Rapid Prototyping Association. He is Editor in Chief of Virtual & Physical Prototyping