This book highlights advances in sustainable wastewater treatment technologies, particularly biological wastewater treatment, cavitation-based treatment, hybrid water treatment, membrane technologies, advance oxidation processes, and adsorption. The book focuses on a variety of advanced treatment techniques that are useful for the degradation of organic components, dyes, heavy metals effluent, etc. in wastewater.
Industrial wastewater consists of variety of discharges based on the type of industry, such as the dairy/food industries, which generate more fats and high BOD value with variation in the pH value, while the electroplating industry may expel more inorganic matter and dissolved solids. The oil extraction industries will have more solvents contained in the effluent, and dyes and textiles industry create a higher organic load with high TDS. Hence, every type of manufacturing industry needs a different method for the treatment of its effluents.
Looking at the use of intensified chemical processes in order to make cleaner environment, Innovative Technologies for the Treatment of Industrial Wastewater explores the new and innovative methods for pollutant removal that will prove useful for a variety of industries.
Conventional wastewater treatment processes require a significant amount of energy and involve expensive equipment and maintenance. Sustainable wastewater treatment technologies, however, involve less generation of energy and employ more economically feasible treatment methods, requiring less equipment and fewer maintenance costs. Looking at the use of intensified chemical processes in order to make a cleaner environment, this volume explores new and innovative methods for pollutant removal that will prove useful for a variety of industries. This book highlights advances in sustainable wastewater treatment technologies, particularly biological wastewater treatment, cavitation-based treatment, hybrid water treatment, membrane technologies, advanced oxidation processes, and adsorption.
Table of Contents
Removal of Fluoride in Water Using Amorphous Nano Metal Oxides
Joseph Govha, T. Bala Narsaiah, and Ch. Shilpa Chakra
Biological Nitrification in a Batch Gas Liquid-Solid Bioreactor
P. B. N. Lakshmi Devi and Y. Pydi Setty
Ultrasound-Assisted Formation of Stable Emulsion and Its Applications as Liquid Emulsion Membrane in Wastewater Treatment
Zar Zar Nwe, S. Srinu Naik, Shirish Sonawane, and Y. Pydi Setty
Wastewater Treatment by Inverse Fluidization Technology
Removal of Pb2+ from Water Using Silica Nano Spheres Synthesized on CaCO3
as a Template – Adsorption Kinetics
Milton Manyangadze, J. Govha, T. Bala Narsaiah, Ch Shilpa Chakra, and P. Akhila Swanthanthra
A Study on Adsorption Kinetics of Azadirachta indica (Neem) and Ficus religiosa (Pipal) for Removal of Fluoride from Drinking Water
M. Jaipal and P. Dinesh Sankar Reddy
Adsorption Studies on Removal of Cadmium (II) from Aqueous Solution
P. Akhila Swanthanthra, S. Nawaz Bahamani, and Bhavana
Hydrodynamic Cavitation for Distillery Wastewater Treatment: A Review
Dipak K. Chandre, Chandrakant R. Holkar, Ananda J. Jadhav, Dipak V. Pinjari, and Aniruddha B. Pandit
Microwave- and Ultrasound-Assisted Surfactant Treated Adsorbent for the Efficient Removal of Emulsified Oil from Wastewater
P. Augusta, P, Kalaichelvi, K. N. Sheeba, and A. Arunagiri
External Mass Transfer Studies on Adsorption of Methylene Blue on Psidium guava Leaves Powder
R. W. Gaikwad, S. L. Bhagat, and A. R. Warade
The Role of TiO2Nanoparticles on Mixed Matrix Cellulose Acetate Asymmetric Membranes
Shirish H. Sonawane, Antonine Terrien, Ana Sofia Figueiredo, M. Clara Goncalves, and Maria Norberta De Pinho
A Study on Performance Evaluation of Tertiary Dye Mixture Degradation by Hybrid Advanced Oxidation Process
Bhaskar Bethi and S. H. Sonawane
Shirish Sonawane, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the Chemical Engineering Department at the National Institute of Technology in Warangal, India. His research interests are focused on the synthesis of hybrid nanomaterials, cavitation-based inorganic particle synthesis, Sonochemical synthesis of nanolatex, process intensification, and microreactors for nanoparticles production. Dr. Sonawane is the recipient of a fast-track young scientist project in 2007 from the Indian Department of Science and Technology. He has industrial experience from reputed chemical industries such as Bayer Polymers (R&D). He also worked in the Chemical Engineering Department and Process Control Laboratory at the University of Dortmund, Germany, in 2002, on emulsion polymerization process control modeling. He has published more than 50 research papers in reputed journals and seven book chapters and holds six Indian patents applications. He was a recipient of prestigious BOYSCAST Fellowship from the Department of Science and Technology from the government of India in 2009. He is visiting academic and worked in the Particle Fluid Processing Center, University of Melbourne, Australia, and the Chemical Engineering Department at the Instito Superio Technico in Lisbon, Portugal. He is a member of several professional associations and is a reviewer for several international journals.
Y. Pydi Setty, PhD, is a Professor in the Chemical Engineering Department at the National Institute of Technology in Warangal, India. His research interests are focused on hydrodynamics, residence time distribution and drying studies in a bubbling fluidized bed dryer and circulating fluidized bed dryer, biological wastewater treatment using fluidized bed bioreactor and packed-bed bioreactor, waste to energy using microbial fuel cell, bioethanol production, modeling, and simulation and optimization of chemical engineering processes.
He has completed an ISRO project for preparation of Nano Al particles. He has also completed a consultancy project on pilot scale production of nano additives arganate phase-I. He is also Co-developer for the MHRD-sponsored NMEICT project on "Novel Separation Techniques." He has published several research articles in professional journals, has two patents filed, and has presented many articles at national and international conferences. He has received several awards for his papers at various professional conferences as well as an "Outstanding Faculty Award" in 2015 by Venus International Foundation, Chennai, India. He has organized two short-term training programs, sponsored by AICTE-ISTE, and he also was the convenor for the international conference "Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering-India."
T. Bala Narsaiah, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University College of Engineering, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, India. He has 16 years of teaching along with seven years of research experience. He has published and presented 30 papers at international and national conferences and journals. He also worked as Chairman, Board of Studies, Chemical Engineering at JNTUH.
He has received several honors, including being nominated by the government of Andhra Pradesh to be a member of the executive council at Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad; a "Best Teacher Award" from the Swami Ramananda Tirtha Institute of Science and Technology, Nalgonda, in the year 2006, and nomination as an Associate Fellow of AP Akademi of Sciences (APAS). His research interest areas are gas-solid and liquid-solid circulating fluidized bed technology; wastewater treatments; rheological studies of complex fluids; process control, synthesis and application of nanomaterials; and process modeling and simulation and heat transfer.
S. Srinu Naik, PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the Chemical Engineering Department at the National Institute of Technology in Warangal, Andhra Pradesh, India. He is presently on academic lien and working at the University College of Technology at Osmania University, Hyderabad. He has visited the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, USA, and trained in electrospun cellulose nanofiber fabrication. He has published several articles in international journals and conference proceedings and has conducted an International Conference on Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering—India. He has guided several postgraduate students.