Seventeenth-century philosophy scholars come together in this volume to address the Insiders--Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, and Hobbes--and Outsiders--Pierre Gassendi, Kenelm Digby, Theophilus Gale, Ralph Cudworth and Nicholas Malebranche--of the philosocial canon, and the ways in which reputations are created and confirmed. In their own day, these ten figures were all considered to be thinkers of substantial repute, and it took some time for the Insiders to come to be regarded as major and original philosophers. Today these Insiders all feature in the syllabi of most history of philosophy courses taught in western universities, and the papers in this collection, contrasting the stories of their receptions with those of the Outsiders, give an insight into the history of philosophy which is generally overlooked.
Introduction: The Creation of the Canon, G.A.J. Rogers I Outsiders 1. Becoming an Outsider: Gassendi in the History of Philosophy, Margaret J. Osler 2. Sir Kenelm Digby, Recusant Philosopher, John Henry 3. Theophilus Gale and Historiography of Philosophy, Stephen Pigney 4. The Standing of Ralph Cudworth as a Philosopher, Benjamin Carter 5. Malebranche and the Canon, Andrew Pyle II. Insiders Descartes 6. Excusable Caricature and Philosophical Relevance: The Case of Descartes, Tom Sorell 7. Descartes’s Reputation, John Cottingham 8. The Political Motivations of Heidegger’s anti-Cartesianism, Emmanuel Faye Hobbes 9. Hobbes’s Reputation in Anglo-Saxon Philosophy, Tom Sorell 10. A Farewell to Leviathan: Foucault and Hobbes on Power, Sovereignty and War, Luc Foisneau Spinoza 11. Spinoza’s Past and Present, Wiep van Bunge 12. Benedictus Patheissimus: The Problem of Spinoza’s Reputation, Steven Nadler Locke 13. The Standing and Reputation of John Locke, G.A.J. Rogers 14. The Reputation of Locke’s General Philosophy in Britain in the Twentieth Century, Michael Ayers Leibniz 15. Leibniz’s Reputation: The Fontenelle Tradition, Daniel Garber 16. Leibniz‘s Reputation in the Eighteenth Century: Kant and Herder, Catherine Wilson 18. The Reception of Leibniz’s Philosophy in the Twentieth Century, Robert Merrihew Adams