Instrument Engineers' Handbook, Volume Two: Process Control and Optimization, 4th Edition (Hardback) book cover

Instrument Engineers' Handbook, Volume Two

Process Control and Optimization, 4th Edition

Edited by Bela G. Liptak

CRC Press

2,464 pages | 2506 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849310812
pub: 2005-09-29
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Description

The latest update to Bela Liptak's acclaimed "bible" of instrument engineering is now available. Retaining the format that made the previous editions bestsellers in their own right, the fourth edition of Process Control and Optimization continues the tradition of providing quick and easy access to highly practical information. The authors are practicing engineers, not theoretical people from academia, and their from-the-trenches advice has been repeatedly tested in real-life applications. Expanded coverage includes descriptions of overseas manufacturer's products and concepts, model-based optimization in control theory, new major inventions and innovations in control valves, and a full chapter devoted to safety. With more than 2000 graphs, figures, and tables, this all-inclusive encyclopedic volume replaces an entire library with one authoritative reference. The fourth edition brings the content of the previous editions completely up to date, incorporates the developments of the last decade, and broadens the horizons of the work from an American to a global perspective.

Béla G. Lipták speaks on Post-Oil Energy Technology on the AT&T Tech Channel.

Table of Contents

GENERAL

Analog vs. Digital Instruments

Computer Configurations of Supervisory Units

Computers-Simulation by Analog and Hybrid Systems

Electronic vs. Pneumatic Instruments

Human Engineering

Process Alarm Management

Speech Synthesis and Voice Recognition

Wiring Practices and Signal Conditioning

CONTROL THEORY

Control Basics

Control Modes-PID Controllers

Control Modes-PID Variations

Control Modes-Digital PID Controllers

Control Modes -Closed-Loop Response

Control Systems-Cascade Loops

Empirical Process Optimization

Expert Systems

Feedback and Feedforward Control

Genetic and Other Evolutionary Algorithms

Hierarchical Control

Interaction and Decoupling

Model-Based Control

Model-Based Predictive Control Patents

Model-Free Adaptive (MFA) Control

Modeling and Simulation of Processes

Model Predictive Control and Optimization

Neural Networks for Process Modeling

Nonlinear and Adaptive Control

Optimizing Control

PID Algorithms and Programming

Process Gains, Time Lags, Reaction Curves

Ratio Control

Real-Time Performance Assessment

Relative Gain Calculations

Robustness: A Guide for Sensitivity and Stability

Sampled Data Control Systems

Selective, Override, and Limit Controls

Self-Tuning Controllers

Sliding Mode Control in Process Industry

Software for Fuzzy Logic Control

Stability Analysis, Transfer Functions

State Space Control

Statistical Process Control

Tuning PID Controllers

Tuning Level Control Loops

Tuning Interacting Loops, Synchronizing Loops

Tuning by Computer

TRANSMITTERS AND LOCAL CONTROLLERS

Controllers-Pneumatic

Controllers-Electronic

Converters and Dampeners

Relays for Computing and Programmers

Telemetering Systems

Transmitters-Electronic

Transmitters-Fiber-Optic Transmission

Transmitters-Pneumatic

Transmitters: Self-Checking and Self-Validating

Transmitters: Smart, Multivariable, and Fieldbus

CONTROL ROOM EQUIPMENT

Annunciators and Alarms

Control Centers and Panels-Traditional

Control Center Upgrading

Controllers-Electronic Analog and Digital

CRT Displays

DCS: Basic Trends and Advances

DCS: Control and Simulation Advances

DCS: Installation and Commissioning

DCS: Integration with Buses and Networks

DCS: Integration with Other Systems

DCS: Management of Abnormal Situations

DCS: Modern Control Graphics

DCS: Operator's Graphics

DCS: System Architecture

Digital Readouts and Graphic Displays

Fieldbuses and Network Protocols

Human-Machine Interface Evolution

Indicators, Analog Displays

Lights

Recorders, Oscillographs, Loggers, Tape Recorders

Switches, Pushbuttons, Keyboards

Touch Screen Displays

Uninterruptible Power and Voltage Supplies (UPS and UVS)

Workstation Designs

PLCS AND OTHER LOGIC DEVICES

Binary Logic Diagrams for Process Operations

Ladder Diagrams

Optimization of Logic Circuits

PLCs: Programmable Logic Controllers

PLC Programming

PLC Software Advances

Practical Logic Design

Programmable Safety Systems

Relays

Solid-State Logic Elements

System Integration: Computers with PLCs

Time Delay Relays

Timers and Programming Timers

CONTROL VALVE SELECTION AND SIZING

Application and Selection of Control Valves

Accessories and Positioners

Actuators: Digital, Electric, Hydraulic, Solenoid

Actuators: Pneumatic

Advanced Stem Packing Designs

Capacity Testing

Characteristics and Rangeability

Diagnostics and Predictive Valve Maintenance

Dynamic Performance of Control Valves

Emergency Partial-Stroke Testing of Block Valves

Fieldbus and Smart Valves

Intelligent Valves, Positioners, Accessories

Miscellaneous Valve and Trim Designs

Valves: Noise Calculation, Prediction, and Reduction

Sizing

Valve Types: Ball Valves

Valve Types: Butterfly Valves

Valve Types: Digital Valves

Valve Types: Globe Valves

Valve Types: Pinch Valves

Valve Types: Plug Valves

Valve Types: Saunders Diaphragm Valves

Valve Types: Sliding Gate Valves

REGULATORS AND FINAL CONTROL ELEMENTS

Dampers and Louvers

Electric Energy Modulation

Linear and Angular Positioning of Machinery

Pumps as Control Elements

Regulators-Flow

Regulators-Level

Regulators- Pressure

Regulators-Temperature

Thermostats and Humidistats

Variable-Speed Drives

Control and Optimization of Unit Operations

Aeration and DO Controls

Airhandler and Building Conditioning Controls

Batch Control Description, Terminology, and Standard S88

Batch Processes and their Automation

Blending and Ratio Controls

Boiler Control and Optimization

Centrifuge Controls

Chemical Reactors: Batch Sequencing

Chemical Reactors: Basic Control Strategies

Chemical Reactors: Control and Optimization

Chemical Reactors: Simulation and Modeling

Chiller Control

Chiller Optimization

Clean-Room Controls and Optimization

Compressor Control and Optimization

Cooling Tower Control

Cooling Tower Optimization

Crystallizer Controls

Distillation: Basic Controls

Distillation: Calculations of Relative Gains

Distillation: Optimization and Advanced Controls

Dryer Controls

Evaporator Controls

Extruder Controls

Fan Controls

Fuel Cell Controls

Furnace and Reformer Controls

Header-Supplied Distribution Control

Heat Exchanger Control and Optimization

Inert Gas Blanketing Controls

ORP Controls

pH Control

Power Plant Controls: Cogeneration and Combined Cycle

Pump Controls

Pump Optimization

Rolling Mill Controls

Separation Controls, Air

Steam Turbine Controls

Wastewater Treatment Controls

Water Supply Plant Controls

Well-Supplied Underground Gas Storage Controls

APPENDIX

International System of Units

Engineering Conversion Factors

Chemical Resistance of Materials (Table A.3)

Composition of Metallic and Other Materials (Table A.4)

Steam and Water Tables

Friction Loss in Pipes

Tank Volumes

Partial List of Suppliers

Directory of "Lost" Companies (Revised 6/2004)

ISA Standards

INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TEC007000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electrical
TEC064000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Sensors