Instrument and Automation Engineers' Handbook: Process Measurement and Analysis, Fifth Edition - Two Volume Set, 5th Edition (Hardback) book cover

Instrument and Automation Engineers' Handbook

Process Measurement and Analysis, Fifth Edition - Two Volume Set, 5th Edition

Edited by Bela G. Liptak, Kriszta Venczel

CRC Press

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781466559325
pub: 2016-10-04

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The Instrument and Automation Engineers’ Handbook (IAEH) is the #1 process automation handbook in the world. The two volumes in this greatly expanded Fifth Edition deal with measurement devices and analyzers. Volume one, Measurement and Safety, covers safety sensors and the detectors of physical properties, while volume two, Analysis and Analyzers, describes the measurement of such analytical properties as composition.

Complete with 245 alphabetized chapters and a thorough index for quick access to specific information, the IAEH, Fifth Edition is a must-have reference for instrument and automation engineers working in the chemical, oil/gas, pharmaceutical, pollution, energy, plastics, paper, wastewater, food, etc. industries.

About the eBook

The most important new feature of the IAEH, Fifth Edition is its availability as an eBook. The eBook provides the same content as the print edition, with the addition of thousands of web addresses so that readers can reach suppliers or reference books and articles on the hundreds of topics covered in the handbook. This feature includes a complete bidders' list that allows readers to issue their specifications for competitive bids from any or all potential product suppliers.


Praise for the Previous Editions

"The editor of this masterpiece, Béla Lipták, is a longtime engineering consultant, a teacher at Yale, and a fellow of the ISA. He is clearly devoted to producing a useful reference. … The book is replete with simple explicatory figures and diagrams; well-organized summaries with information on the costs, suppliers, ranges, and inaccuracies of the instruments covered; and practical tips on related subjects such as good instrument maintenance practices. … Comprehensive, practical, and well-organized, this book is highly recommended for academic libraries and engineering company libraries. It can best serve as a teaching aid for students or as a reference manual for both new and experienced practicing engineers."


"Those [contributors] eventually selected are without doubt among the best. … Whether used as a textbook by inexperienced engineers or as a quick reference book for the experienced engineer, this book is set to continue to be the main reference to the instrument engineer for the next decade."

—Alan Reese, Control & Instrumentation

"I have seen nothing with the scope of this handbook."

—Roy V. Hughson, Chemical Engineering

"In our smaller universe of process control, Béla Lipták is a towering presence."

—Terrence K. McMahon, Control

Table of Contents


General Considerations

Accuracy and Rangeability

Binary Logic Diagrams


Configuring Intelligent Field Devices

Evaluation of Instrument Quality

Instrument Installation

Redundant and Voting Systems

Soft Sensors

Terminology for Automation and Testing


Flow Measurement

Application and Selection

Applications: Abrasive, Corrosive, Slurry, Viscous

Applications: Bidirectional Flow Meters

Applications: Multiphase Crude Oil Metering

Applications: Multiphase and Subsea Flow Meters


BTU Flow Measurement: Fuel Gas

BTU Flow Measurement

Cross-Correlation Flow Metering

Elbow Meters

Flow Switches

Flow Meter Calibration and Maintenance

Installation of d/p Transmitters

Laminar Flow Meters

Magnetic Flow Meters

Mass Flow Meters: Coriolis

Mass Flow Meters: Indirect and Turbine

Mass Flow Meters: Thermal

Metering Pumps

Oil and Gas-Custody Transfer Measurements and Calculations


Paddle Flow Switches

Pitot and Area-Averaging Tubes

Positive-Displacement Gas Flow Meters

Positive-Displacement Liquid Meters and Provers

Purge Flow Regulators

Segmental Wedge Flow Meter

Sight Flow Indicators

Solids Flow Meters and Feeders

Target Meters

Turbine and Other Rotary Element Flow Meters

Ultrasonic Flow Meters

Variable Area, Gap, and Vane Flow Meters

Venturi, Proprietary Tubes, and Flow Nozzles

Vortex and Fluidic Flow Meters

V-Shaped Cone Flow Elements

Weirs and Flumes

Level Measurement

Selection of Level Detectors

Installation Considerations

Applications: Interface, Foam, Boiling Services

Applications: Non-Contacting, Non-Penetrating

Applications: Tank Gauges for Oil and Gas

Applications: Water Level Measurement in Nuclear Reactors


Capacitance and Radio Frequency (RF) Admittance

Conductivity and Field-Effect Level Switches

Diaphragm Level Detectors

Differential Pressure Level Detectors

Displacer Type Level Detectors

Float Level Devices

Laser Level Sensors

Level Gauges, Including Magnetic

Magnetostrictive Level Transmitters

Microwave Level Switches

Optical and IR Level Switches

Radar, Contact Level Sensors (TDR, GWR, and PDS)


Radiation Level Sensors

Resistance Tapes

Rotating Paddle Switches

Tank Farm Gauges for Custody Transfer (ATG) and for Solids Level Detection Designs

Thermal Dispersion Level Sensors

Ultrasonic Level Detectors

Vibrating Level Switches

Temperature Measurement

Selection of Temperature Sensors

Applications: Cryogenic Temperature Measurement

Applications: High Temperature

Bimetallic Thermometers

Calibrators and Simulators

Cones, Crayons, Labels, Paints, and Pellets

Filled-Bulb and Glass-Stem Thermometers

Integrated Circuitry (IC) Transistors and Diodes

Miscellaneous Temperature Sensors

Optical Fiber Thermometers (OFT)


Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTDs)

Temperature Switches and Thermostats



Thermowells, Design and Installation

Ultrasonic Thermometers

Pressure Measurement

Selection and Application of Pressure Detectors

Accessories (Seals, Snubbers, Calibrators, Manifolds)

Bellows Type Pressure Sensors

Bourdon and Helical Pressure Sensors

Diaphragm or Capsule-Type Sensors

Differential Pressure Instruments

Electronic Pressure Sensors

High-Pressure Sensors


Pneumatic Repeaters and Boosters

Pressure and Differential Pressure Switches

Pressure Gauges

Pressure Scanners

Vacuum Sensors

Density Measurement

Density Applications and Selection

Displacement and Float-Type Densitometers

Gas Densitometers


Hydrostatic Densitometers

Coriolis Densitometers

Radiation Densitometers

Ultrasonic Sludge Slurry Densitometers

Vibrating Densitometers

Weighing Densitometers

Miscellaneous Measurement

Building Optimization Sensors

Corrosion Monitoring

Electric Energy Management: Demand Shedding

Electric Meters Amps, Ohms, Volts, Watts

Leak Detectors

Machine Vision Technology

Metal Detectors

Noise Sensors and Nondestructive Testing

Nuclear Reactor Measurements

Pipe Integrity Gauges, "PIGs"

Position Measurement and Positioners

Proximity Sensors and Limit Switches

Solar Collector Positioning

Tachometers and Angular Speed Detectors

Thickness and Dimension Measurement

Torque and Force Measurement

Transportation-Related Sensors

Vibration, Shock, and Acceleration

Visual Inspection Tools, Boroscopes

Weather Stations

Weight Detectors, Load Cells

Weighing Systems: General Considerations

Safety Measurement

Annunciators and Alarms Management

Electrical and Intrinsic Safety

Excess Flow and Regular Check Valves

Explosion Proofing of Instrumentation

Explosion Suppression and Deluge Systems

Flame Arrestors, Conservation Vents, and Emergency Vents

Flame, Fire, and Smoke Detectors

Nuclear Radiation Detectors

Offshore Oil Industry Safety Automation

Relief Valves: Determination of Required Capacity

Relief Valves: Sizing, Specification, and Installation

Rupture Disks

Safety: 3-Mile Island, Chernobyl, and Fukushima Accidents


Transmitters: Electronic

Transmitters: Fiber-Optic

Transmitters: Pneumatic

Transmitters: Smart, Multivariable

Transmitters: Wireless


Flow Sheet Symbols and Identifications

Conversion among Units

Definitions: Measurement-Related Terms

Definitions: Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Symbols

Definitions: Abbreviated Organization Names

Steam and Water Tables

Friction Loss in Pipes

Tank Volumes

Chemical Compatibility of Materials

Composition and Properties of Metallic and Other Materials


Analytical Measurement

Analyzer Selection and Application

Ammonia Analyzers

Analyzer Sampling: Air Monitoring

Analyzer Sampling: Stack Particulates

Analyzer Sampling: General Process

Biometers to Quantify Microorganisms

Carbon Dioxide

Carbon Monoxide

Chlorine Analyzers

Chromatographs: Gas

Chromatographs: Liquid

Coal Analyzers


Combustible Gas or Vapor Sensors

Conductivity Analyzers

Consistency Measurement

Corrosion Monitoring

Cyanide (CNWAD) Analyzers

Differential Vapor Pressure

Dioxin, PCB, and Furan Analysis

Electrochemical Analyzers

Elemental Analyzers

Fiber-Optic Probes

Flame, Fire, and Smoke Detectors

Fluoride Analyzers

Hazardous and Toxic Gas Monitoring

Heating Value Calorimeters

Hydrocarbon Analyzers

Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN) Detectors

Hydrogen Analyzers

Hydrogen Sulfide

Infrared and Near-Infrared Analyzers

Ion-Selective Electrodes

Leak Detectors

Mass Spectrometers

Mercury in Ambient Air

Mercury in Water

Moisture in Air: Humidity and Dew Point

Moisture in Gases and Liquids

Moisture in Solids

Molecular Weight of Liquids

Natural Gas Measurements

Nitrate, Ammonia, and Total Nitrogen

Nitrogen Oxide Analyzers

Odor Detection

Oil in or on Water

Oxidation–Reduction Potential

Oxygen Demands (BOD, COD, TOD)

Oxygen in Gases

Oxygen in Liquids (Dissolved Oxygen)

Ozone in Gas

Ozone in Water

Particle Size and Distribution Monitors

Particulates, Opacity, Smoke Detection, and Sampling

pH Measurement

Phosphate Analyzer

Physical Properties Analyzers: ASTM Methods

Raman Analyzers



Sand Concentration and Subsea Pipeline Erosion Detectors

Spectrophotometers, Open Path

Streaming Current Particle Charge Analyzer

Sulfur Dioxide and Trioxide

Sulfur in Oil and Gas

Thermal Conductivity Detectors

Total Carbon and Total Organic Carbon Analyzers

Turbidity, Sludge, and Suspended Solids

Ultraviolet and Visible Analyzers

Viscometers: Application and Selection

Viscometers: Industrial


Water Quality Monitoring

Wet Chemistry and Autotitrator Analyzers



Abbreviations and Acronyms

Organization Name Abbreviations

Flowsheet and Functional Diagrams Symbols

Conversion among Engineering Units

Chemical Resistance of Materials

Composition of Materials

Steam Tables

About the Editors

Béla Lipták was born in 1936 in Hungary. As a technical university student, he participated in the revolution against the Soviet occupation, escaped, and entered the United States as a refugee in 1956. In 1959, he received an engineering degree from the Stevens Institute of Technology. In 1962, he received a master’s degree from the City College of New York. He later studied computers at the graduate level at the Pratt Institute. In 1960, he became the chief instrument engineer of Crawford and Russell, where he led the automation of dozens of industrial plants for more than a decade. In 1969, he published the multi-volume Instrument Engineers’ Handbook, which today is in its fifth edition. In 1975, he received his professional engineering license and founded his consulting firm, Béla Lipták Associates PC, which provides design and consulting services in the fields of automation and industrial safety. Over the years, he has lectured on automation at many universities around the world, including Yale University, where he taught automation as an adjunct professor in 1987. His inventions include the transportation and storage of solar energy and the design of safe nuclear reactors. His 50+ years of professional experience include the automation of several dozen industrial plants and the publication of more than 300 technical articles ( and 20+ books on various aspects of automation, safety, and energy technologies. ( In 1973, he was elected as a fellow of the International Society of Automation (ISA). In 1995, he received the Technical Achievement Award. In 2001, he received the Control Hall of Fame Award. He was the keynote speaker at the 2002 and 2011 ISA conventions. In 2012, he received the ISA’s Lifetime Achievement Award.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical