5th Edition

Instrument and Automation Engineers' Handbook Process Measurement and Analysis, Fifth Edition - Two Volume Set

    3096 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

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    The Instrument and Automation Engineers’ Handbook (IAEH) is the Number 1 process automation handbook in the world. The two volumes in this greatly expanded Fifth Edition deal with measurement devices and analyzers. Volume one, Measurement and Safety, covers safety sensors and the detectors of physical properties, while volume two, Analysis and Analysis, describes the measurement of such analytical properties as composition.

    Complete with 245 alphabetized chapters and a thorough index for quick access to specific information, the IAEH, Fifth Edition is a must-have reference for instrument and automation engineers working in the chemical, oil/gas, pharmaceutical, pollution, energy, plastics, paper, wastewater, food, etc. industries.


    General Considerations
    Accuracy and Rangeability
    Binary Logic Diagrams
    Configuring Intelligent Field Devices
    Evaluation of Instrument Quality
    Instrument Installation
    Redundant and Voting Systems
    Soft Sensors
    Terminology for Automation and Testing

    Flow Measurement
    Application and Selection
    Applications: Abrasive, Corrosive, Slurry, Viscous
    Applications: Bidirectional Flow Meters
    Applications: Multiphase Crude Oil Metering
    Applications: Multiphase and Subsea Flow Meters
    BTU Flow Measurement: Fuel Gas
    BTU Flow Measurement
    Cross-Correlation Flow Metering
    Elbow Meters
    Flow Switches
    Flow Meter Calibration and Maintenance
    Installation of d/p Transmitters
    Laminar Flow Meters
    Magnetic Flow Meters
    Mass Flow Meters: Coriolis
    Mass Flow Meters: Indirect and Turbine
    Mass Flow Meters: Thermal
    Metering Pumps
    Oil and Gas-Custody Transfer Measurements and Calculations
    Paddle Flow Switches
    Pitot and Area-Averaging Tubes
    Positive-Displacement Gas Flow Meters
    Positive-Displacement Liquid Meters and Provers
    Purge Flow Regulators
    Segmental Wedge Flow Meter
    Sight Flow Indicators
    Solids Flow Meters and Feeders
    Target Meters
    Turbine and Other Rotary Element Flow Meters
    Ultrasonic Flow Meters
    Variable Area, Gap, and Vane Flow Meters
    Venturi, Proprietary Tubes, and Flow Nozzles
    Vortex and Fluidic Flow Meters
    V-Shaped Cone Flow Elements
    Weirs and Flumes

    Level Measurement
    Selection of Level Detectors
    Installation Considerations
    Applications: Interface, Foam, Boiling Services
    Applications: Non-Contacting, Non-Penetrating
    Applications: Tank Gauges for Oil and Gas
    Applications: Water Level Measurement in Nuclear Reactors
    Capacitance and Radio Frequency (RF) Admittance
    Conductivity and Field-Effect Level Switches
    Diaphragm Level Detectors
    Differential Pressure Level Detectors
    Displacer Type Level Detectors
    Float Level Devices
    Laser Level Sensors
    Level Gauges, Including Magnetic
    Magnetostrictive Level Transmitters
    Microwave Level Switches
    Optical and IR Level Switches
    Radar, Contact Level Sensors (TDR, GWR, and PDS)
    Radiation Level Sensors
    Resistance Tapes
    Rotating Paddle Switches
    Tank Farm Gauges for Custody Transfer (ATG) and for Solids Level Detection Designs
    Thermal Dispersion Level Sensors
    Ultrasonic Level Detectors
    Vibrating Level Switches

    Temperature Measurement
    Selection of Temperature Sensors
    Applications: Cryogenic Temperature Measurement
    Applications: High Temperature
    Bimetallic Thermometers
    Calibrators and Simulators
    Cones, Crayons, Labels, Paints, and Pellets
    Filled-Bulb and Glass-Stem Thermometers
    Integrated Circuitry (IC) Transistors and Diodes
    Miscellaneous Temperature Sensors
    Optical Fiber Thermometers (OFT)
    Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTDs)
    Temperature Switches and Thermostats
    Thermowells, Design and Installation
    Ultrasonic Thermometers

    Pressure Measurement
    Selection and Application of Pressure Detectors
    Accessories (Seals, Snubbers, Calibrators, Manifolds)
    Bellows Type Pressure Sensors
    Bourdon and Helical Pressure Sensors
    Diaphragm or Capsule-Type Sensors
    Differential Pressure Instruments
    Electronic Pressure Sensors
    High-Pressure Sensors
    Pneumatic Repeaters and Boosters
    Pressure and Differential Pressure Switches
    Pressure Gauges
    Pressure Scanners
    Vacuum Sensors

    Density Measurement
    Density Applications and Selection
    Displacement and Float-Type Densitometers
    Gas Densitometers
    Hydrostatic Densitometers
    Coriolis Densitometers
    Radiation Densitometers
    Ultrasonic Sludge Slurry Densitometers
    Vibrating Densitometers
    Weighing Densitometers

    Miscellaneous Measurement
    Building Optimization Sensors
    Corrosion Monitoring
    Electric Energy Management: Demand Shedding
    Electric Meters Amps, Ohms, Volts, Watts
    Leak Detectors
    Machine Vision Technology
    Metal Detectors
    Noise Sensors and Nondestructive Testing
    Nuclear Reactor Measurements
    Pipe Integrity Gauges, "PIGs"
    Position Measurement and Positioners
    Proximity Sensors and Limit Switches
    Solar Collector Positioning
    Tachometers and Angular Speed Detectors
    Thickness and Dimension Measurement
    Torque and Force Measurement
    Transportation-Related Sensors
    Vibration, Shock, and Acceleration
    Visual Inspection Tools, Boroscopes
    Weather Stations
    Weight Detectors, Load Cells
    Weighing Systems: General Considerations

    Safety Measurement
    Annunciators and Alarms Management
    Electrical and Intrinsic Safety
    Excess Flow and Regular Check Valves
    Explosion Proofing of Instrumentation
    Explosion Suppression and Deluge Systems
    Flame Arrestors, Conservation Vents, and Emergency Vents
    Flame, Fire, and Smoke Detectors
    Nuclear Radiation Detectors
    Offshore Oil Industry Safety Automation
    Relief Valves: Determination of Required Capacity
    Relief Valves: Sizing, Specification, and Installation
    Rupture Disks
    Safety: 3-Mile Island, Chernobyl, and Fukushima Accidents

    Transmitters: Electronic
    Transmitters: Fiber-Optic
    Transmitters: Pneumatic
    Transmitters: Smart, Multivariable
    Transmitters: Wireless

    Flow Sheet Symbols and Identifications
    Conversion among Units
    Definitions: Measurement-Related Terms
    Definitions: Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Symbols
    Definitions: Abbreviated Organization Names
    Steam and Water Tables
    Friction Loss in Pipes
    Tank Volumes
    Chemical Compatibility of Materials
    Composition and Properties of Metallic and Other Materials


    Analytical Measurement
    Analyzer Selection and Application
    Ammonia Analyzers
    Analyzer Sampling: Air Monitoring
    Analyzer Sampling: Stack Particulates
    Analyzer Sampling: General Process
    Biometers to Quantify Microorganisms
    Carbon Dioxide
    Carbon Monoxide
    Chlorine Analyzers
    Chromatographs: Gas
    Chromatographs: Liquid
    Coal Analyzers
    Combustible Gas or Vapor Sensors
    Conductivity Analyzers
    Consistency Measurement
    Corrosion Monitoring
    Cyanide (CNWAD) Analyzers
    Differential Vapor Pressure
    Dioxin, PCB, and Furan Analysis
    Electrochemical Analyzers
    Elemental Analyzers
    Fiber-Optic Probes
    Flame, Fire, and Smoke Detectors
    Fluoride Analyzers
    Hazardous and Toxic Gas Monitoring
    Heating Value Calorimeters
    Hydrocarbon Analyzers
    Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN) Detectors
    Hydrogen Analyzers
    Hydrogen Sulfide
    Infrared and Near-Infrared Analyzers
    Ion-Selective Electrodes
    Leak Detectors
    Mass Spectrometers
    Mercury in Ambient Air
    Mercury in Water
    Moisture in Air: Humidity and Dew Point
    Moisture in Gases and Liquids
    Moisture in Solids
    Molecular Weight of Liquids
    Natural Gas Measurements
    Nitrate, Ammonia, and Total Nitrogen
    Nitrogen Oxide Analyzers
    Odor Detection
    Oil in or on Water
    Oxidation–Reduction Potential
    Oxygen Demands (BOD, COD, TOD)
    Oxygen in Gases
    Oxygen in Liquids (Dissolved Oxygen)
    Ozone in Gas
    Ozone in Water
    Particle Size and Distribution Monitors
    Particulates, Opacity, Smoke Detection, and Sampling
    pH Measurement
    Phosphate Analyzer
    Physical Properties Analyzers: ASTM Methods
    Raman Analyzers
    Sand Concentration and Subsea Pipeline Erosion Detectors
    Spectrophotometers, Open Path
    Streaming Current Particle Charge Analyzer
    Sulfur Dioxide and Trioxide
    Sulfur in Oil and Gas
    Thermal Conductivity Detectors
    Total Carbon and Total Organic Carbon Analyzers
    Turbidity, Sludge, and Suspended Solids
    Ultraviolet and Visible Analyzers
    Viscometers: Application and Selection
    Viscometers: Industrial
    Water Quality Monitoring
    Wet Chemistry and Autotitrator Analyzers

    Abbreviations and Acronyms
    Organization Name Abbreviations
    Flowsheet and Functional Diagrams Symbols
    Conversion among Engineering Units
    Chemical Resistance of Materials
    Composition of Materials
    Steam Tables


    Béla Lipták was born in 1936 in Hungary. As a technical university student, he participated in the revolution against the Soviet occupation, escaped, and entered the United States as a refugee in 1956. In 1959, he received an engineering degree from the Stevens Institute of Technology. In 1962, he received a master’s degree from the City College of New York. He later studied computers at the graduate level at the Pratt Institute. In 1960, he became the chief instrument engineer of Crawford and Russell, where he led the automation of dozens of industrial plants for more than a decade. In 1969, he published the multi-volume Instrument Engineers’ Handbook, which today is in its fifth edition. In 1975, he received his professional engineering license and founded his consulting firm, Béla Lipták Associates PC, which provides design and consulting services in the fields of automation and industrial safety. Over the years, he has lectured on automation at many universities around the world, including Yale University, where he taught automation as an adjunct professor in 1987. His inventions include the transportation and storage of solar energy and the design of safe nuclear reactors. His 50+ years of professional experience include the automation of several dozen industrial plants and the publication of more than 300 technical articles (http://www.controlglobal.com/voices/liptak/) and 20+ books on various aspects of automation, safety, and energy technologies. (http://www.amazon.com/B%C3%A9la-G.-Lipt%C3%A1k/e/B001K8B0U0). In 1973, he was elected as a fellow of the International Society of Automation (ISA). In 1995, he received the Technical Achievement Award. In 2001, he received the Control Hall of Fame Award. He was the keynote speaker at the 2002 and 2011 ISA conventions. In 2012, he received the ISA’s Lifetime Achievement Award.

    Praise for the Previous Editions

    "The editor of this masterpiece, Béla Lipták, is a longtime engineering consultant, a teacher at Yale, and a fellow of the ISA. He is clearly devoted to producing a useful reference. … The book is replete with simple explicatory figures and diagrams; well-organized summaries with information on the costs, suppliers, ranges, and inaccuracies of the instruments covered; and practical tips on related subjects such as good instrument maintenance practices. … Comprehensive, practical, and well-organized, this book is highly recommended for academic libraries and engineering company libraries. It can best serve as a teaching aid for students or as a reference manual for both new and experienced practicing engineers."

    "Those [contributors] eventually selected are without doubt among the best. … Whether used as a textbook by inexperienced engineers or as a quick reference book for the experienced engineer, this book is set to continue to be the main reference to the instrument engineer for the next decade."
    —Alan Reese, Control & Instrumentation

    "I have seen nothing with the scope of this handbook."
    —Roy V. Hughson, Chemical Engineering

    "In our smaller universe of process control, Béla Lipták is a towering presence."
    —Terrence K. McMahon, Control