1st Edition

Instruments of Land Policy Dealing with Scarcity of Land

    372 Pages
    by Routledge

    372 Pages
    by Routledge

    In dealing with scarce land, planners often need to interact with, and sometimes confront, property right-holders to address complex property rights situations. To reinforce their position in situations of rivalrous land uses, planners can strategically use and combine different policy instruments in addition to standard land use plans. Effectively steering spatial development requires a keen understanding of these instruments of land policy.

    This book not only presents how such instruments function, it additionally examines how public authorities strategically manage the scarcity of land, either increasing or decreasing it, to promote a more sparing use of resources. It presents 13 instruments of land policy in specific national contexts and discusses them from the perspectives of other countries. Through the use of concrete examples, the book reveals how instruments of land policy are used strategically in different policy contexts.


    I Preface


    Rachelle Alterman


    II Introduction

    1 Land, scarcity, and property rights

    Thomas Hartmann

    Jean-David Gerber

    2 Land policy – how to deal with scarcity of land

    Jean-David Gerber

    Andreas Hengstermann

    François-Xavier Viallon

    3 Instruments of land policy – four types of intervention

    Andreas Hengstermann

    Thomas Hartmann


    4 Reference land values in Germany: Land policy by market transparency

    Winrich Voß

    Jörn Bannert

    A Swedish perspective on reference land values: Transparency by tax policy

    Thomas Kalbro

    Leif Norell

    A Taiwan perspective on reference land values: The hare and the hedgehogs – chasing real price levels with public market information

    Tzuyuan Stessa Chao

    5 Added value capturing in Switzerland: How much is enough?

    François-Xavier Viallon

    A Dutch perspective on added value capture: How far can you go?

    Erwin van der Krabben

    A British perspective on added value capture: Ups and downs during its history

    Janet Askew

    6 Land taxation in Estonia: An efficient instrument of land policy for land scarcity, equity, and ecology

    Fabian Thiel

    Fabian Wenner

    A German perspective on land taxation: Political inertia and debates on social and distributional aspects

    Dirk Löhr

    A British perspective on land taxation: Politically unpopular

    Antonia Layard


    7 Negotiated land use plans in the Netherlands: A central instrument in Dutch ‘active’ and ‘passive’ land policy

    Joost Tennekes

    An Austrian perspective on negotiated land use plans: A means for municipalities to mobilise building land

    Alois Humer

    A Canadian perspective on negotiated land use plans: Discretionary zoning in Vancouver

    Marko Marskamp

    8 Urban growth boundary in the USA: Managing land scarcity in the Portland region

    Edward J. Sullivan

    A Dutch perspective on urban growth boundaries: From containing to stimulating growth

    Leonie Janssen-Jansen

    Wendy Tan

    A German perspective on urban growth boundaries: The answer of comprehensive regional planning

    Martin Wickel

    9 Land readjustment in Portugal: Theoretically attractive but eternally postponed in practice

    Beatriz Condessa

    Ana Morais de Sá

    Joana Almeida

    José Antunes Ferreira

    A German perspective on land readjustment: A proper instrument of modern urban governance for efficient land use

    Theo Kötter

    A Dutch perspective on land readjustment: Not very practical for planner’s paradise

    Sanne Holtslag-Broekhof

    10 Building obligations in Switzerland: Overcoming the passivity of plan implementation

    Andreas Hengstermann

    A German perspective on building obligations: Planning professionals try to remember

    Michael Kolocek

    A US-American perspective on obligations to build: Planning professionals would be shocked

    Harvey M. Jacobs


    11 Pre-emption rights in France: Disputes over pre-emptions and the ‘land scarcity’

    Melot Romain

    A Swiss perspective on pre-emption rights: Impact without application

    Stéphane Nahrath

    A Serbian perspective on pre-emption rights: Change that was necessary?

    Sofija Nikolić

    12 Tradable development rights in the US: Making zoning flexible through market mechanisms

    Thomas Skuzinski

    Evangeline Linkous

    An Israelian perspective on TDR: Trading for protecting

    Nir Mualam

    A Canadian Perspective on TDR: You call that a "market"?

    Eran S. Kaplinsky

    13 Long-term land leases in France: An instrument to address scarcity of social housing

    Sonia Guelton

    Vincent Le Rouzic

    A Swiss perspective on time-limited property rights: Strategic use for active land policy

    Jean-David Gerber

    An Australian perspective on heritable building rights: Paramount property rights

    Rebecca Leshinsky



    14 Strategic land banking in the Netherlands: Experiencing Dutch dilemmas

    Tejo Spit

    A British perspective on strategic land banking: Critical voices on land banking

    Deborah Peel

    A U.S. American Perspective on land banking: Just not the American way

    Richard K. Norton

    15 Expropriation for urban development purposes in German: Consider very carefully before using it

    Juliane Albrecht

    A Dutch perspective on expropriation: The pragmatic way

    Barrie Needham

    A U.S. American perspective on expropriation: A radically different view

    Dan Tarlock

    16 Nationalization of land in Scotland: Private property and the public interest

    Greg Lloyd

    A Czech perspective on nationalization of land: The post-socialist view

    Jirina Jilkova

    A Greek perspective on nationalization of land: Kilt and fustanella – same principle, different colours

    Konstantinos Lalenis

    VI Conclusion

    17 Planning with or against property rights

    Jean-David Gerber

    Thomas Hartmann

    Andreas Hengstermann


    Jean-David Gerber is Associate Professor at the University of Bern, Switzerland (tenure track).

    Thomas Hartmann is Associate Professor at Wageningen University & Research, Netherlands.

    Andreas Hengstermann is a PhD student at the Institute of Geography, Research Unit Urban and Regional Planning, University of Bern, Switzerland.