1st Edition

Integrated Biorefineries Design, Analysis, and Optimization

Edited By Paul R. Stuart, Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi Copyright 2013
    873 Pages 299 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Integrated Biorefineries: Design, Analysis, and Optimization examines how to create a competitive edge in biorefinery innovation through integration into existing processes and infrastructure. Leading experts from around the world working in design, synthesis, and optimization of integrated biorefineries present the various aspects of this complex process, capturing the state of the art in the advancing bioeconomy. The book defines an integrated biorefinery as a processing facility that transforms biomass into value-added products—from biofuels and biochemicals to food and pharmaceuticals. The chapters cover biorefinery product and process design, supply chains, process analysis, feedstocks, technologies, and policy and environmental analysis. They focus on second-generation feedstocks, including forestry resources, energy crops, agricultural residues, oils, and various waste materials.

    With the growing interest in sustainability in general and in renewable resources in industrial facilities, biorefineries are likely to play increasingly significant roles and have greater economic, environmental, and societal impact. This book fills an information gap by presenting cutting-edge advances that can effectively guide engineers and decision makers in the synthesis, selection, design, analysis, and optimization of biorefineries.

    Biorefinery Product and Process Design

    Product Portfolio Selection and Process Design for the Forest Biorefinery
    Dieudonné R. Batsy, Charles C. Solvason, Norm E. Sammons, Virginie Chambost, David L. Bilhartz, II, Mario R. Eden, Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi, and Paul R. Stuart

    Systematic Screening of Multiple Processing Paths in Biorefineries: The ABC (Assessing Biomass to Chemicals) Project and Its Potential to Build Process Synthesis Capabilities
    Antonis C. Kokossis, Aidong Yang, Marinella Tsakalova, and Ta-Chen Lin

    Technoeconomic Assessment and Risk Analysis of Biorefinery Processes
    Eemeli Hytönen and Paul R. Stuart

    Technoeconomic Analysis of Cellulosic Ethanol Production from Hardwoods in a Repurposed Kraft Mill
    Trevor H. Treasure, Hasan Jameel, Richard B. Phillips, Hou-min Chang, Yongcan Jin, and Bon Wook Koo

    Cost Integration Methodology and the Forest Biorefinery
    Milan Korbel and Paul R. Stuart

    Technoeconomic Analysis of a Lignocellulose-to-Hydrocarbons Process Using a Carboxylate Platform
    Viet Pham, Mark Holtzapple, and Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi

    Biorefinery Supply Chains

    Value-Chain Management Considerations for the Biorefinery
    Louis Patrick Dansereau, Mahmoud El-Halwagi, and Paul R. Stuart

    Integrated Forest Biorefinery Supply Chain Network Design Using Mathematical Programming Approach
    Yan Feng, Sophie D’Amours, Luc LeBel, and Mustapha Nourelfath

    Forest Biorefinery Supply Chain Design and Process Flexibility
    Behrang Mansoornejad and Paul R. Stuart

    Biorefinery Process Analysis

    Optimal Synthesis of Sustainable Biorefineries
    Mariano Martín and Ignacio E. Grossmann

    Methodologies Developed and Applied in Process Integration Studies for the Swedish Kraft Pulp and Paper Industry: A Review
    Maryam Mahmoudkhani and Thore Berntsson

    Design of a Lignocellulosic Feedstock Biorefinery Based on a Biochemical Processing Platform Using Process Integration Methodologies and Exergy Analysis
    Karina Ojeda, Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi, and Vyacheslav Kafarov

    Automated Targeting for the Synthesis of an Integrated Biorefinery
    Douglas H. S. Tay and Denny K. S. Ng

    Synthesis of Flexible Heat-Exchanger Networks for Multifeedstock Biodiesel Production Processes
    Grace Pokoo-Aikins and Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi

    Biorefinery Feedstocks

    A Literature Review of Biomass Feedstocks for a Biorefinery
    José Meléndez, Luc LeBel, and Paul R. Stuart

    Lignocellulosic Biomass: A Raw Material for the Future
    Agustin Jaime Castro-Montoya and Arturo Jiménez-Gutiérrez

    Food Waste as a Renewable Raw Material for the Development of Integrated Biorefineries: Current Status and Future Potential
    Antonis C. Kokossis and Apostolis A. Koutinas

    Biorefinery Technologies

    The Forest Biorefinery: Current State of the Art
    Tom Browne, Naceur Jemaa, Ibrahim Karidio, Talat Mahmood, Mike Paice, Mike Paleologou, Doug Singbeil, and Xiao Zhang

    Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass to Liquid Fuels and Chemicals
    W. J. Frederick, Jr.

    Enzyme Applications in the Forest-Based Biorefinery
    Alexey Vishtal and Andrzej Kraslawski

    Biochemical Conversion
    Shijie Liu, Yang Wang, John P. Buyondo, Yuanzhen Wang, and Michael Garver

    Separation of Hemicellulose by Hot-Water Extraction from Woody Biomass
    Shijie Liu, Houfang Lu, Yichao Lei, Christopher D. Wood, Thomas E. Amidon, Bin Liang, Runcang Sun, Gary M. Scott, Daryl Nichol, and Al Ward

    Integrated Utilization of Algae Biomass in a Biorefinery Based on a Biochemical Processing Platform
    Eduardo Sánchez-Tuirán, Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi, and Vyacheslav Kafarov

    Biorefinery Policy and Environmental Analysis

    Policy Options to Support Biorefining
    Warren E. Mabee

    Biopower in the U.S. South: Barriers, Drivers, and Potential for Expansion
    Youngsun Baek and Marilyn A. Brown

    Biorefinery Design from an Earth Systems Perspective
    Damon Honnery, Gil Garnier, and Patrick Moriarty

    LCA-Based Environmental Evaluation of Biorefinery Projects
    Shabnam Sanaei, Matty Janssen, and Paul R. Stuart


    Paul R. Stuart, Ph.D., is a professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering at École Polytechnique of the University of Montréal, where he is the holder of the National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) Environmental Design Engineering Chair. As an academic and consultant, Paul employs product and process design methodologies to develop business and technology plans for companies seeking to implement the biorefinery. Prior to joining academia, Paul held positions in leading consulting firms, working as a partner, company associate, as well as the director of process and environmental engineering. Paul is a Fellow of The Canadian Academy of Engineering, and a past president of the Canadian Society for Chemical Engineering.

    Mahmoud El-Halwagi, Ph.D.
    , is a professor and holder of the McFerrin Professorship at the Artie McFerrin Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station. His main research interests involve process integration, biofuels and integrated biorefineries, and sustainable process design, operation, and optimization. Dr. El-Halwagi is the author/co-editor of seven books and monographs and more than 200 refereed papers and book chapters. He has served as a consultant in the biofuels, chemical, energy, petrochemical, petroleum, pharmaceutical, and metal finishing industries.

    "Finally a text on biorefinery design – presented in a format that is practical for industry and academia alike. The co-editors are consultants as well as academics and, between them, have long experience in the key industry sectors related to biorefining: forestry, agriculture, and energy/oil, and gas. They have assembled an impressive set of chapter authors from leading designers from around the globe. The book won’t sit on the shelf long – as an industry practitioner, the information from the 27 chapters will provide invaluable knowledge in various ways on a regular basis."
    —Gopal Goyal, Chief Scientist, International Paper, Loveland, Ohio, USA

    "The book provides a good overview of recent advances in its subject by world-leading experts. One of the strengths of this book is the strong focus on product development, economics, and supply chains, which are crucial in making biorefining an industrial reality."
    —Jussi Manninen, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland