1385 Pages 280 Color & 295 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Monitoring drought’s slow evolution and identifying the end of a drought is still a big challenge for scientists, natural resource managers, and decision makers. This comprehensive two-volume set with contributions from over 200 experts, and featuring case studies representing numerous countries throughout the world, discusses different aspects of drought from types, indices, and forecasting to monitoring, modeling, and mitigation measures. It also addresses how climate change is impacting drought and decision-making concluding with lessons learned about science, policy, and managing uncertainty.


    • Provides a global perspective on drought prediction and management and a synthesis of the recent state of knowledge.

    • Covers a wide range of topics from essential concepts and advanced techniques for forecasting and modeling drought to societal impacts, consequences, and planning

    • Presents numerous case studies with different management approaches from different regions and countries.

    • Addresses how climate change impacts drought, the increasing challenges associated with managing drought, decision making, and policy implications.

    • Includes contributions from hundreds of experts around the world.

    Professionals, researchers, academics, and postgraduate students with knowledge in Environmental Sciences, Ecology, Agriculture, Forestry, Hydrology, Water Resources Engineering, and Earth Sciences, as well as those interested in how climate change impacts drought management, will gain new insights from the experts featured in this two-volume handbook.

    Volume 1

    Chapter 1: Understanding Drought: definitions, causes, assessments, forecasts, and management

    Jeongwoo Han and Vijay P. Singh


    Chapter 2: Drought concepts, its characterization and indicators

    Latief Ahmad, Nimra Arain, Aisha Akber, Sameera Qayoom, Owais A. Bhat, Rohitashw Kumar


    Chapter 3: Spatial Assessment of Meteorological and Agricultural Drought in Northern India

    Dharmendra Singh, Darshana Duhan, Deepak Jhajharia


    Chapter 4: Assessment of meteorological drought characteristics in Brazil

    Rafael Pedrollo de Paes, Veber Afonso Figueiredo Costa


    Chapter 5: Drought in Rio de Janeiro State, Southeast Brazil

    Givanildo de Gois, José Francisco de Oliveira-Júnior, Bruno Serafini Sobral


    Chapter 6: The Mexican drought (2011): an insight into the 29-month drought in Aguascalientes

    Miguel Angel González-González, Osias Ruiz-Álvarez, Arturo Corrales-Suastegui


    Chapter 7: Investigating the relationship between the temporal distribution of precipitation and flow shortness volume over Lake Urmia Basin, Iran

    Mohammad Nazeri Tahroudi, Farshad Ahmadi, Yousef Ramezani, Mohsen Pourreza-Bilondi, Rasoul Mirabbasi


    Chapter 8: Long-Term Drought Study in Algeria based on Meteorological Data

    Youcef Himri, S. Rehman, L. M. Alhems, S. Himri, M. Merzouk, N. Kasbadji Merzouk


    Chapter 9: Severe droughts over India

    Milind Mujumdar, Preethi Bhaskar, Bhupendra Bahadur Singh, Goswami Mangesh, Naresh Ganeshi


    Chapter 10: Comparison of Bhalme-Mooley Drought Index with Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index: The Case of Okavango Delta, Botswana

    Mpaphi Major, B. P. Parida


    Chapter 11: Analysis of drought using a modified version of the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index

    Mohammad Nazeri Tahroudi, Farshad Ahmadi, Yousef Ramezani, Rasoul Mirabbasi


    Chapter 12: Evaluation of an Evapotranspiration Deficit-based Drought Index and its Impacts on Carbon Productivity in the Levant and Iraq

    Karam Alsafa, Shuoben Bi, Safwan Mohammed, Ali Mokhtar, Hazem Ghassan Abdo, Hongming He


    Chapter 13: Analysis of meteorological drought using Joint Deficit Index based on downscaled precipitation data

    Farshad Ahmadi, Mohammad Nazeri Tahroudi, Yousef Ramezani, Rasoul Mirabbasi


    Chapter 14: Comparability Analyses of three Meteorological Drought Indices in Turkey

    Babak Vaheddoost, Mir Jafar Sadegh Safari


    Chapter 15: Trend identification in multi-scalar SPI over Uttarakhand, India

    Anurag Malik, Anil Kumar, Zaher Mundher Yaseen


    Chapter 16: Temporal Trends of Aridity Index under Subtropical Highland Climate in Northeast India

    Pema Tshering Lepcha, Deepak Jhajharia


    Chapter 17: Observed trends in annual aridity index in North-central Mexico

    Osias Ruiz-Álvarez, Arturo Corrales-Suastegui, Ronald Ernesto Ontiveros-Capurata, Reyna Cruz-Cruz, Vijay P. Singh


    Chapter 18: Hydrological Drought Index based on Streamflow Regime

    I Wayan Yasa


    Chapter 19: Meteorological drought assessment in mountainous regions based on outputs of general circulation models

    Mustafa Nuri Balov, Babak Vaheddoost, Mir Jafar Sadegh Safari


    Chapter 20: Climate Change Impact on Groundwater Droughts: Case study Groundwater-dependent Irrigation System

    Morteza Mohsenipour, Shamsuddin Shahid, Tarmizi Ismail, Mohamad Rajab Houmsi


    Chapter 21: Impact of Climate Change on Occurrence and Severity of Drought

    R. P. Pandey, R.V. Kale, J.P. Patra, R.V. Galkate


    Chapter 22: Climate Change effect on Crop Water Stress: case study of Syria

    Mohamad Rajab Houmsi, Shamsuddin Shahid, Morteza Mohsenipour


    Chapter 23: Biodiversity and Functions of Alluvial System Facing Severe Droughts Induced by Global Change

    D. Mimoun, S. Gaur, D. Graillot, Mohit Kumar Srivastava


    Chapter 24: Climate change impacts on meteorological and hydrological droughts and their hazard propagations in China

    Jie Chen, Lei Gu


    Chapter 25: Climate Change may raise Physiology Disorders on the Grape (Vitis Vinifera l) and Pecan (Carya Illinoinensis) in the Sonoran Desert, Mexico

    Gerardo Martinez-Diaz, Osias Ruiz-Álvarez, Arturo Corrales-Suastegui


    Chapter 26: Scientific evidence supporting the progression of climate change-induced drought from the history

    Biplab Sadhukhan, R. K. Srivastava, Arun Chakraborty, R. K. Panda


    Chapter 27: Climate Change, Drought and Water Resources

    Sabah Parvaze, Rohitashw Kumar, Junaid Nazir Khan, Saqib Parvaze


    Chapter 28: Climate Change and Gender Drudgery in Rice Based Mono-cropping System of Meghalaya State in North Eastern Hill Region of India: Impact Evaluation

    Ram Singh, S. M. Feroze

    Volume 2

    Chapter 1: Spatial and temporal linkages between large‐scale atmospheric oscillations and hydrologic drought indices in Turkey

    Fatih Tosunoglu, Ercan Kahya, Mohammad Ali Ghorbani

    Chapter 2: Spatio-temporal drought analysis

    Priyank J. Sharma and Ashutosh Sharma

    Chapter 3: Analysis of spatial variability and patterns of drought: A case study for Serbia

    Milan Gocic and Mohammad Arab Amiri

    Chapter 4 - Spatial and temporal trend pattern of drought in Bangladesh in the past four decades

    Abu Reza Md. Towfiqul Islam, Nilufa Yeasmin, Roquia Salam

    Chapter 5 - Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Meteorological Drought in Tripura, Northeast India

    Aribam Priya Mahanta Sharma, Deepak Jhajharia, Ghanashyam Singh Yurembam, Shivam Gupta, Ghanshyam T. Patle, T. Loidang Chanu

    Chapter 6 - Drought assessments in the non-stationary domain

    Md Mamunur Rashid

    Chapter 7 - Drought monitoring in Arid and Semiarid environments using Aridity Indices (AI) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN)

    Jimmy Byakatonda, B. P. Parida, D.B. Moalafhi, Piet K. Kenabatho

    Chapter 8 - Soil moisture drought estimation using hydrological modelling approach for a river basin of Eastern India

    Shivam Gupta and Deepak Jhajharia

    Chapter 9 - Meteorological Drought Prediction Using Hybrid Machine Learning Models: Ant Lion Optimizer Vs Multi-Verse Optimizer

    Anurag Malik, Yazid Tikhamarine, Rawshan Ali, Alban Kuriqi, Anil Kumar

    Chapter 10 - Uncertainty Analysis of Bivariate Modeling of Hydrological Drought Severity and Duration Using Copula

    Mansoor Zargar and Majid Dehghani

    Chapter 11 - Copula based Bivariate Frequency analysis of Drought Characteristics over India

    Vivek Gupta, Manoj Kumar Jain, Shivam Gupta

    Chapter 12 - Application of Fuzzy Rule Base Model for Forecasting Drought

    A. K. Lohani, R.K. Jaiswal, R.V. Galkate

    Chapter 13 - A copula-based joint deficit index for the analysis of droughts in New Zealand

    Tommaso Caloiero and Rasoul Mirabbasi

    Chapter 14 - Comparative copula‐based multivariate meteorological drought analysis: a case study from Northeast India

    P. Kanthavel, D. Jhajharia, G. S. Yurembam, R. Mirabbasi

    Chapter 15 - Multivariate Assessment of Drought Using Composite Drought Index

    Rasoul Mirabbasi and Deepak Jhajharia

    Chapter 16 – A multi-model ensemble based drought characterization over India for 21st century

    Vivek Gupta and Manoj Kumar Jain

    Chapter 17 - Drought Characteristics and Forecasting Under Climate Change Conditions: a case study of Indonesia

    Wanny K. Adidarma and Flavia D. Frederick

    Chapter 18 - Stochastic Modelling of Water Deficit over Different Agro-climatic Zones of Karnataka

    GVS Reddy, Sita Ram Bhakar, and Rohitashw Kumar

    Chapter 19 - The tree-ring-based drought and flood analyses from the Himalayan region: Limitations, Challenges, and Future Perspectives

    Mayank Shekhar, Ayushi Singh, Bency David, Nidhi Tomar, Ipsita Roy, Parminder S. Ranhotra, A. Bhattacharyya

    Chapter 20 - Remote sensing capabilities for observational drought assessme

    Khodayar Abdollahi and Zahra Eslami

    Chapter 21 - Four decades of satellite data for agricultural drought monitoring throughout the growing season in Central Chile

    Francisco Zambrano Bigiarini

    Chapter 22 - Application of multi-source data for drought monitoring and assessment over the Yellow River Basin, China

    Yi Liu, Shanhu Jiang, and Liliang Ren

    Chapter 23 - Analysis of Agricultural Drought in Southwest Iran using Remote Sensing indices

    Mahshid Karimi, Kaka Shahedi, Tayeb Raziei, Mirhassan Miryaghoubzadeh, Ehsan Moradi

    Chapter 24 - Soil Moisture-Vegetation Stress-based Agricultural Drought Index Integrating Remote Sensing Derived Soil Moisture and Vegetation Indices

    Gurjeet Singh and Deepak Singh Bisht

    Chapter 25 - Application of drought monitoring tools for wildfire hazard assessment in forests of India

    N. Kodandapani

    Chapter 26 - Hydrological Drought Impacts on River Water Quality of Peninsular River System, Tunga-Bhadra River, India

    M. Rajesh, G. Krishna Mohan, Veerannapet Santhosh Vishal, S. Rehana

    Chapter 27 - Integrated Drought Management: Moving from Managing Disasters to Managing Risk

    Donald A. Wilhite

    Chapter 28 - Is India Ready to Account for Ecological Droughts?

    Diptimayee Nayak

    Chapter 29 - Water Transfer

    Saeid Eslamian and Saida Parvizi

    Chapter 30 - A Compact Policy to Combat Water Scarcity

    Chandrashekhar Bhuiyan

    Chapter 31 - Water Pricing focusing Drought Conditions

    Saeid Eslamian and Mousa Maleki

    Chapter 32 – Incorporating ecosystem services into drought planning: Lessons from two place-based applications from the US West

    Nejem Raheem and Deborah J. Bathke

    Chapter 33 - Drought tolerance agronomic management strategies for rainfed and irrigated maize crop in Eastern India

    R. K. Srivastava, R. K. Panda, Arun Chakraborty, Swayam Prava Singh

    Chapter 34 - Life despite drought in the Brazilian semiarid

    Juliana Espada Lichston, Rebecca Luna Lucena, Virgínia Maria Cavalari Henriques, Raimunda Adlany Dias da Silva, and Magda Maria Guilhermino

    Chapter 35 - Gender Responsive Solutions for Managing Drought in the Hindu Kush Himalaya

    Karishma Khadka, Subha Khanal, Madhav Dhakal, Sanjeev Bhuchar, Nand Kishor Agrawal

    Chapter 36 - Conventional and Advanced Irrigation Scheduling Techniques to mitigate drought

    Navsal Kumar, Arunava Poddar, Rohitashw Kumar, Vijay Shankar

    Chapter 37 - Water Resources, Uses and its Integrated Management in the United Arab Emirates

    Ahmed Sefelnasr, Abdel Azim Ebraheem, Mohsen Sherif, Mohamed Al Mulla

    Chapter 38 - Droughts, distress, impact, and mitigation: case study of Jammu and Kashmir

    F. A. Shaheen

    Chapter 39 - Different in-situ moisture conservation options in rainfed agro-ecologies of Odisha

    S. K. Behera and D. K. Bastia


    Professor V.P. Singh is a University Distinguished Professor, a Regents Professor, and Caroline and William N. Lehrer Distinguished Chair in Water Engineering at Texas A&M University, USA. He received his B.S., M.S., Ph.D. and D.Sc. degrees in engineering. He is a registered professional engineer, a registered professional hydrologist, and an honorary diplomat of ASCE-AAWRE. He is a distinguished member of ASCE, an Honorary Member of IWRA, a Distinguished Fellow of AGGS, and an Honorary Member of AWRA, and a fellow of EWRI-ASCE, IAH, ISAE, IWRS, and IASWC. He has published extensively in the areas of hydrology, irrigation engineering, hydraulics, groundwater, water quality, and water resources with more than 1370 journal articles; 32 textbooks; 75 edited reference books, including Handbook of Applied Hydrology and Encyclopedia of Snow, Ice and Glaciers; 115 book chapters; and 315 conference papers. He has received more than 100 national and international awards, including three honorary doctorates. He is a member of 12 international science/engineering academies. He has served as President of the American Institute of Hydrology (AIH);President of American Academy of Water Resources Engineers; President of International Association for Water, Environment, Energy, and Society; and Chair of Watershed Council of American Society of Civil Engineers. He has served as editor-in-chief of five journals and two book series and serves on editorial boards of more than 25 journals and three book series. His Google Scholar citations are 72,000; h-index of 119; and I10-index of 1025.

    Professor Deepak Jhajharia, Ph. D., is currently working as Professor in Department of Soil & Water Conservation Engineering, College of Agricultural Engineering & Post Harvest Technology (Central Agricultural University), Ranipool, Gangtok, Sikkim, India. He is also acting as principal investigator of All India Coordinated Research Project on Plastic Engineering in Agriculture Structures and Environment Management (CAEPHT centre) funded by Indian Council of Agricultural Research-Central Institute of Post Harvest Engineering and Technology, Ludhiana, Punjab, India. He did graduation in Agricultural Engineering in 1998 from College of Technology and Engineering (MPUAT), Udaipur, Rajasthan, India, and post-graduation in Water Resources Engineering from Department of Civil Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India. He obtained his Ph. D. degree from Department of Hydrology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India. He is the recipient of the prestigious Science Without Border scholarship - Young Talent of CNPq (Brazil) as Research Collaborator at Department of Agronomy, Universidade Federal Rural De Pernambuco (UFRPE), Ministry of Education, Brazil. He has 22 years of academic experience and has published over 85 papers in peer-reviewed journals, books, reports or extension bulletins. He has guided one Ph. D. and 13 M. Tech. theses in the field of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering along with many undergraduate theses in the field of Agricultural Engineering. He is co-editor of "Agricultural Impacts of Climate Change" and "Applied Agricultural Practices for Mitigating Climate Change" published by CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA. He also conducted 21-day Summer School for scientists from ICAR and faculty members from different universities of India and one 90-day skill development training programme on Greenhouse Technology for school drop-outs and unemployed rural youth from six states of northeast India. He was awarded the CSIRO Land and Water Publication Award 2013, CSIRO Australia for global review paper published in Journal of Hydrology. He was also adjudged the best extension scientist (2017-18) of the AICRP on PET in recognition of outstanding contribution for extension and popularization of Plasticulture Technologies in Sikkim. He is recipient of Distinguished Alumni Award (in 2016) by College of Technology and Engineering Alumni Society, CTAE (MPUAT), Udaipur. He was elected as the Fellow of Indian Association of Hydrologists, Roorkee (in 2015) and Indian Water Resources Society, Roorkee (2019). He is also a life member of 14 different professional societies from India and abroad. His Google Scholar citations are 3,042 and h-index of 18.

    Dr. Rasoul Mirabbasi is an Associate Professor of Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering at Shahrekord University, Iran. He is also Head of the Water Resources Center of Shahrekord University. His research focuses mainly on Statistical and Environmental Hydrology and Climate Change. In particular, he is working on Modeling Natural Hazards including Flood, Drought, Wind, and Pollution toward a sustainable environment. Formerly, he was a Visiting Researcher at University of Connecticut, United States. He has contributed to more than 150 publications in journals, books, or as technical reports. Dr. Mirabbasi is the reviewer of about 30 Web of Science (ISI) Journals. His Google Scholar citations are 1,916 and h-index of 22.

    Dr. Rohitashw Kumar (B.E., M.E., Ph. D.) is Professor in College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, She-e- Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Srinagar, India. He is also holding additional charge of Associate Dean, College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology and SKUAST- Kashmir, Srinagar (India). He is also Professor Water Chair (Sheikkul Alam Shiekh Nuruddin Water Chair), Ministry of Water Resources, Govt. of India, at National Institute of Technology, Srinagar (J&K). He obtained his Ph.D. degree in the Water Resources Engineering from NIT, Hamirpur and Master of Engineering Degree in Irrigation Water Management Engineering from MPUAT, Udaipur. He got Special Research award in 2017 and Student Incentive Award-2015 (Ph.D. Research) from Soil Conservation Society of India, New Delhi. He has also got the first prize in India for best M. Tech thesis in Agricultural Engineering in year 2001. He graduated from Maharana Pratap University of Agricultural and Technology, Udaipur, India, in Agricultural Engineering. He has published over 80 papers in peer-reviewed journals, 4 practical manuals and 20 chapters in books. He has guided 10 post-graduate students in soil and water engineering. He has handled more than 10 research projects as a principal or co-principal investigator. Since 2011, he has been Principal Investigator of All India Coordinated Research Project on Plastic Engineering in Agriculture Structures and Environment Management (Srinagar centre) funded by Indian Council of Agricultural Research-Central Institute of Post Harvest Engineering and Technology, Ludhiana, Punjab, India. His Google Scholar citations are 1,148 and h-index of 18.