Integrated Urban Water Management: Humid Tropics: UNESCO-IHP, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Integrated Urban Water Management: Humid Tropics

UNESCO-IHP, 1st Edition

Edited by Jonathan N. Parkinson, Joel Avruch Goldenfum, Carlos Tucci

CRC Press

180 pages

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pub: 2010-03-26
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Excess water in the urban environment results in flooding,which causes structural damage, risks to personal safety and disruption to city life. Water is also a major contributory factor for disease transmission as well as being the medium for transport of many pollutants. These problems are of increasing concern due to climate changes and are particularly apparent in the humid tropics. Integrated Urban Water Management in the Humid Tropics – the output of a project by UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme on the topic – focuses on engineering aspects related to water supply, wastewater and stormwater management in the humid tropics. Flood control is dealt with a specific emphasis on reducing vulnerability to flood disasters in urban areas.The book also addresses environmental health concerns related to the different components of the urban water system and strategies for their control. The volume provides illustrations of different aspects of integrated water management in the urban environment by drawing upon a set of case studies – predominantly from South America.

Urban Water Series - UNESCO-IHP, ISSN 1749-0790

Following from the Sixth Phase of UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme (2002–2007), the Urban Water Series – UNESCO-IHP addresses fundamental issues related to the role of water in cities and the effects of urbanization on the hydrological cycle and water resources. Focusing on the development of integrated approaches to sustainable urban water management, the Series should inform the work of urban water management practitioners, policy-makers and educators throughout the world.

Series Editors

Cedo Maksimovic, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom

J. Alberto Tejada-Guibert, International Hydrological Programme, UNESCO, Paris, France

Table of Contents

1. Integrated urban water management in the humid tropics – Carlos E.M. Tucci

  • 1.1. Urban development in humid tropics
  • 1.2. The tropics
  • 1.3. Water supply and sanitation
  • 1.4. Urban drainage and floodplains
  • 1.5. Total solids
  • 1.6. Water quality
  • 1.7. Water-related diseases
  • 1.8. Urban water main issues
  • 1.9. Integrated urban waters management (IUWM)

2. Water supply and wastewater management in the humid tropics – Antônio D. Benetti and Luiza Cintra Campos

  • 2.1. Overview
  • 2.2. Water supply interactions in humid tropics
  • 2.3. Wastewater collection, treatment and reuse
  • 2.3.1 Off-site systems
  • 2.3.2 On-site systems
  • 2.3.3 Water reuse
  • 2.4. Industrial wastewater collection, treatment and reuse
  • 3. Stormwater management in the humid tropics – Joel A. Goldenfum, Carlos E.M. Tucci and André L.L. da Silveira

  • 3.1. Stormwater management principles
  • 3.2. Climatic factors in the humid tropics
  • 3.3. Socio-economic factors in the humid tropics
  • 3.4. Urban drainage structural control measures
  • 3.4.1 Storage type devices
  • 3.4.2 Infiltration type devices
  • 3.4.3 Floodplain and channel management
  • 3.5. Institutional aspects
  • 3.6. Urban drainage master plans
  • 3.7. Participative master plans in Brazil
  • 3.8. Conclusions

4. Total solids management – Carlos E.M. Tucci, Marllus G.F.P Neves, Jonathan N. Parkinson, Joel A. Goldenfum

  • 4.1. Urban total solids
  • 4.2. Socio-economic and institutional factors affecting solids in drainage systems in the humid tropics
  • 4.3. Origins and characteristics of solid wastes
  • 4.4. Urban sediments
  • 4.5. Solid waste
  • 4.5.1 Solids production and collecting
  • 4.5.2 Classification of drainage solids
  • 4.5.3 Factors affecting solid wastes in drains
  • 4.6. Impacts of solids on operational performance
  • 4.6.1 Hydraulic impacts
  • 4.6.2 Environmental impacts of urban runoff
  • 4.7. Solids management
  • 4.7.1 Sediments yield
  • 4.7.2 Domestic solid waste production
  • 4.7.3 Engineering solutions for control of solid wastes in drains
  • 4.7.4 Drain cleaning
  • 4.7.5 Improved solid waste collection and disposal
  • 4.8 Conclusions

5. Control of public health hazards in the humid tropics – Jonathan N. Parkinson and Luiza C. Campos

  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2. Health risks associated with microbiological and chemical pollutants
  • 5.2.1 Waterborne diseases
  • 5.2.2 Diseases transmitted by mosquitoes
  • 5.2.3 Diseases transmitted by animals
  • 5.2.4 Chemicals and micro-pollutants
  • 5.3. Transmission pathways in urban water systems
  • 5.3.1 Contamination of water sources
  • 5.3.2 Contamination of water distribution systems
  • 5.3.3 Contamination of water in the domestic environment
  • 5.3.4 Transmission pathways related to drainage
  • 5.3.5 Wastewater disposal and reuse
  • 5.4. Strategies for protecting urban water systems from contamination
  • 5.4.1 Protection of water sources
  • 5.4.2 Protection of water distribution systems
  • 5.4.3 Sanitation and excreta management
  • 5.4.4 In-home water storage and domestic hygiene
  • 5.4.5 Drainage
  • 5.4.6 Wastewater treatment
  • 5.5. Monitoring the health benefits of urban water systems
  • 5.5.1 Conventional approaches towards water quality monitoring
  • 5.5.2 Limitations of conventional approaches
  • 5.5.3 Alternative approaches for monitoring of water systems

6. Reducing vulnerability to disasters in urban areas of humid tropics –Eduardo Mario Mendiondo

  • 6.1. Introduction
  • 6.1.1 Urbanizations, hazards and disasters
  • 6.1.2 Needs for lessons to be learnt
  • 6.2. Storms, floods and cyclones
  • 6.3. Water shortage and droughts
  • 6.4. Landslides and mudslides
  • 6.5. Tsunamis
  • 6.6. Human-related hazards
  • 6.7. Early warning and preparedness
  • 6.7.1 Addressing the audience
  • 6.7.2 Challenging issues
  • 6.8. Human resources
  • 6.9. Cases of risk assessment and management
  • 6.9.1 Risk assessment
  • 6.9.2 Risk management
  • 6.9.3 Strengths and limitations: a short example
  • 6.10. Conclusions

7. Integrated urban water management: institutional, legal and socio-economic issues – Arlindo Philippi Jr, Giuliano Marcon, Luis Eduardo Gregolin Grisotto, Tadeu Fabrício Malheiros

  • 7.1. Bases for the formulation of urban water management policies
  • 7.2. Environmental and water resource management in the urban environment
  • 7.2.1 Main progresses and situation in the humid tropics
  • 7.2.2 Actions and initiatives in Latin America and the Caribbean
  • 7.2.3 Proposals and actions developed in Brazil
  • 7.3. Urban water management in the humid tropics: a new paradigm
  • 8. Education and capacity building – Jose Ochoa Iturbe

  • 8.1. Introduction
  • 8.2. Assessment of needs
  • 8.3. Formal education
  • 8.4. Target groups for training or briefing
  • 8.5. Methods, tools, platforms (UWETT contributions to and accessibility) and dissemination
  • 8.6. Case studies
  • 8.7. Human resources
  • 8.8. Role of the regional centres
  • 8.9. Links with academic institutions for development of tools
  • 8.10. Conclusion

About the Series

Urban Water Series

Volumes 1-9, Series Editors: Cedo Maksimovic (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, London, UK) and Sarantuyaa Zandaryaa (Division of Water Sciences, International Hydrological Programme (IHP) UNESCO, Paris, France).
Volumes 10-onwards, Series Editor: Cedo Maksimovic (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Imperial College London, London, UK).

This book series covers integrated approaches to sustainable urban water management and focuses on the role of water in cities and the effects of urbanization on the hydrological cycle and water resources. The series is intended not only for water and environmental specialists, including urban water management practitioners, policy-makers and educators, but also for other professionals such as urban planners, water economists and researchers dealing with urban water issues throughout the world. Volumes 1-9 (series editors Cedo Maksimovic and Sarantuyaa Zandaryaa) are available in hardback and paperback, are co-published by Taylor & Francis and UNESCO Publishing and present the major outcomes of UNESCO’s Sixth International Hydrological Programme (IHP VI, 2002-2007). Volumes 10 and onwards (series editor Cedo Maksimovic) are available in hardback. The series complements the Urban Water Journal, likewise published by Taylor & Francis (

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NATURE / Environmental Conservation & Protection
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply