1st Edition

Integration of Heterogeneous Manufacturing Machinery in Cells and Systems Policies and Practices

    270 Pages 80 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    With the advent of the 4th Industrial Revolution, the implementation of the nine pillars of technology has taken a firm root, especially after the post-COVID pandemic era. The integration of cyber-physical systems is one of the most important pillars that has led to the maximization of productivity, which also leads to the maximization of profits from a manufacturing system. This book discusses manufacturing enterprises, then looks at the theoretical and practical aspects of integrating these manufacturing systems using legacy and modern communication methodologies and relates them to the current level of technology readiness.

    Integration of Heterogenous Manufacturing Machinery in Cells and Systems: Policies and Practices focuses on the methods covering the use of Artificial Intelligence, Augmented Reality, the Internet of Things, and cellular and physical industrial communication. It describes the nine pillars of technology which include the Internet of Things, Cloud Computing, Autonomous, and Robotics Systems, Big Data Analytics, Augmented Reality, Cyber Security, Simulation, System integration, and Additive Manufacturing. The book highlights the methods used that cover mechanical, electrical, electronics, and computer software aspects of developing manufacturing machinery and discusses computer-aided design (CAD), production planning, and manufacturing, as well as production databases with basics and semantics.

    This book is an ideal reference for undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate students of industrial, manufacturing, mechanical, and mechatronics engineering, along with professionals and general readers.

    PART 1 Policies and Practices

    Chapter 1 An Overview of National SME Policy – 2021

    Muhammad Javed Afzal

    Chapter 2 IMS Framework for N11 and D8 Countries

    Muhammad Hammad, Ghulam Abbas, and Wasim Ahmed Khan

    PART 3 Functional Reverse Engineering of

    4 Design and Development of 3-Axis Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing Machine: Functional Reverse Engineering Approach

    G. Hussain, Osama Al-Jamal, Adeel Ghafoor, Abrar Farooq, Usman Zahid, Iftikhar Ahmad, and Muhammad Iqbal

    Chapter 5 Reverse Engineering of a 6 DOF Industrial Robotic Arm for Advanced Manufacturing Processes

    Muftooh Ur Rehman Siddiqi, Riaz Muhammad, Yuchun Xu, Fatima Tu Zuhra, and Niaz Bahadur Khan

    Chapter 6 Controller Design for a Six Degree of Freedom Parallel Robotic Machining Bed

    Muhammad Faizan Shah, Zareena Kausar, and Muhammad Umer Farooq

    Chapter 7 Surface Normal Trajectory Generation for Robotic-Based Machining Operation on Curved Surface

    Anton. R. Ahmad, Said G. Khan, Syed H. Shah, and Chyi-Yeu Lin x Contents

    PART 4 4th Industrial Revolution

    Chapter 8 Applications of Digital Twins in the Development of a Predictive Maintenance System

    Dan Noje and Radu Tarca

    Chapter 9 Artificial Immune-Inspired Disruption Handling in Manufacturing Process 

    Zubair Ahmad Khan, Ihtisham Ul Haq, Shahbaz khan, and Muhammad Tahir Khan 

    Chapter 10 Cyber Security in Additive Manufacturing 

    Muhammad Qasim Zafar, Muhammad Bilal Khan, and Haiyan Zhao 

    Chapter 11 Metal Forming in Industry 4.0 Epoch

    Volkan Esat 

    Chapter 12 3D Surface Reconstruction of Aluminum Alloy Arc Additive Manufacturing Parts Based on Focused Topography Measurement

    Xiaoping Wang and Fengjun Zhang

    PART 5 Production Philosophies and 4th Industrial Revolution

    Chapter 13 Best Practices for Mitigating Supply Chain Risks in Industrial IoT 

    Lubna Luxmi Dhirani, Ali Akbar Shah, Qasim Arain, Bhawani Shankar Chowdhry, Abi Waqas, and Tanweer Hussain

    Chapter 14 Machine Intelligence for Agile Manufacturing

    S. Katyara, L. L. Dhirani, P. Long, T. Morell, F. O′Farell, C. Edmondson, and B. S. Chowdhry

    Chapter 15 Role of Quantum Security in the Future of Smart Manufacturing

    Danyal Maheshwari, Popenţiu-Vlădicescu Florin, Lubna Luxmi Dhirani, Abi Waqas, Bhawani Shankar Chowdhry, M. Mahmood Ali, and Grigore Albeanu


    Professor Dr. Wasim A. Khan

    Wasim A. Khan has researched and developed industrial scale subtractive and additive manufacturing machine tools, measurement, and testing machines as well as digital controllers for this equipment. He is instrumental in policies and framework development related to manufacturing of discrete products in small, medium, and large-scale manufacturing enterprises at national level. Dr. Wasim is a life member of Pakistan Engineering Council, a chartered engineer of Engineering Council, UK and a fellow of Institution of Mechanical Engineers, UK. He is also a senior member of IEEE, USA. He is currently acting as Professor of Operations Research at the GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Pakistan.

    Dr. Khalid Rahman

    Khalid Rahman is an Associate Professor in the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering at Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology where he has been a faculty member since 2012. He received his BS in Mechanical Engineering from Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, MS and PhD degree from Jeju National University, South Korea in 2012. He also has industrial experience of seven years in design and manufacturing. His research interests include printing technologies, and he is currently working on Direct Ink Write and Electrohydrodynamic inkjet printing for fabrication of electronics devices and sensors and applications.

    Professor Dr. Ghulam Hussain

    Dr. Ghulam Hussain is a professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Bahrain, Bahrain. He has rich experience of both academia and industry. He is an expert of manufacturing technologies with expertise in plasticity, sustainability, and advanced processes including 3D printing, incremental forming, friction welding and hybridization. He is the author of over 100 top-notch journal articles and an editor of several books. He is recognized among the top 10 leading researchers at the international as well as national level. He has been ranked as the world’s top 2% scientist by Stanford University, USA. He is the winner of many research and teaching awards/prizes. He is actively involved with several reputed international universities as a foreign expert and external researcher.

    Dr. Ghulam Abbas

    GHULAM ABBAS received the B.S. degree in computer science from University of Peshawar, Pakistan, in 2003, and the M.S. degree in distributed systems and the Ph.D. degree in computer networks from the University of Liverpool, U.K., in 2005 and 2010, respectively. From 2006 to 2010, he was Research Associate with Liverpool Hope University, U.K., where he was associated with the Intelligent & Distributed Systems Laboratory. Since 2011, he has been with the Faculty of Computer Sciences & Engineering, GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Pakistan. He is currently working as Professor and Director Huawei ICT Academy. Dr. Abbas is a Co-Founding Member of the Telecommunications and Networking Research Center at GIK Institute. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Science & Technology, U.K., a Fellow of the British Computer Society, and a Senior Member of the IEEE. His research interests include computer networks and wireless and mobile communications.

    Professor Dr. Wang Xiaoping

    Wang Xiaoping is a professor at college of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, a senior member of Chinese Mechanical Engineering Association, a senior member of Aeronautical Society, a guest editor of international journal IJCAT, an editorial board member of American Journal of Software Engineering and Applications, and an evaluation expert of postgraduate dissertation of Ministry of Education. His main research areas include digital design and manufacturing, and intelligent manufacturing. The current research interests are reverse engineering, aerial measurement, geodetic model reconstruction (3D reconstruction); composite material fiber laying process / robot road planning; NC machining tool rail planning / material reduction and material increase manufacturing path optimization; CAD software system integration and algorithm; mathematical modeling; Other theoretical and technical issues related to mechanical design and manufacturing. He has executed several research projects funded by national agencies. He is also winner of 3 National Defense Science and Technology Progress Awards, 1 Provincial Award and 1 Municipal Award. He has published more than 80 research articles in renowned journals and has 2 patents to his credit.