Incorporating a rich series of case-studies covering a range of geographical areas, this collection of essays examines the history of modern intellectuals in the Islamic world throughout the twentieth century. The contributors reassess the typology and history of various scholars, providing significant diachronic analysis of the different forms of communication, learning, and authority. While each chapter presents a separate regional case, with an historically and geographically different background, the volume discloses commonalities, similarities and intellectual echoes through its comparative approach.
Consisting of two parts, the volume focuses first on al-Manar, the influential journal published between 1898 and 1935 that inspired much imagination and arguments among local intelligentsias all over the Islamic world. The second part discusses the formation, transmission and transformation of learning and authority, from the Middle East to Central and Southeast Asia.
Constituting a milestone in comparative studies of the modern Islamic world, this book highlights the range of and transformation in the role of intellectuals in Islamic societies.
Part 1: Al-Manar in the Changing Islamic World 1. Al-Manar Revisited: The "Lighthouse" of the Islamic Revival 2. Al-Manar and Popular Religion in Syria, 1898-1920 3. The Manarists and Modernism: An Attempt to Fuse Society and Religion 4. The Influence of Al-Manar on Islamism in Turkey: The Case of Mehmed Akif 5. Echoes to Al-Manar among the Muslims of the Russian Empire: A Preliminary Research Note on Riza ad-Din b. Fakhr ad-Din and the Šura (1908-1918) 6. Rationalizing Patriotism among Muslim Chinese: The Impact of the Middle East on the Yuehua Journal 7. The Transmission of Al-Manar’s Reformism to the Malay-Indonesian World: The Case of Al-Imam and Al-Muni Part 2: Intellectuals in Challenge: Situations, Discourses, Strategies 8. The Arabo-Islamic Constitutional Thought at 1907: ‘Abd Al-Karim Murad (d. 1926) and His Draft Constitution for Morocco 9. Constructing Transnational Islam: The East-West Network of Shakib Arslan 10. Muslim Intellectuals in Bosnia-Herzegovina in the Twentieth Century: Continuities and Changes 11. From Social Development to Religious Knowledge: Transformation of the Isma’ilis in Northern Pakistan 12. Islam on the Wings of Nationalism: The Case of Muslim Intellectuals in Republican China 13. Muslim Intellectuals and Japan: A Pan-Islamist Mediator: Abdurreshid Ibrahim 14. Clash of Cultures? Intellectuals, their Publics, and Islam
'This is definitely a volume which one recommends to academics and students of the Muslim world. It is also an important starting point for anyone seeking to understand Islamic reformism.' - The Muslim World Book Review
'Undoubtedly, this volume is a collection of extensive, well-studied papers on "the modern Islamic World." Readers can learn much more then they would have expected from these latest studies on diverse areas.' - Emi Goto, University of Tokyo, International Journal of Asian Studies
'This book has endeavored to become a landmark of comparative studies in human and social sciences of the modern and contemporary Islamic world. Academicians, policy makers, researchers of islamic studies and general readers will find it useful and interesting reading. There is a comprehensive glossary-index and the book exhibits excellent accomplishment of modern research methodology' - Annals of Japan Association for Middle East Studies