Intelligence Oversight in the Twenty-First Century
Accountability in a Changing World
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This book examines how key developments in international relations in recent years have affected intelligence agencies and their oversight.
Since the turn of the millennium, intelligence agencies have been operating in a tense and rapidly changing security environment. This book addresses the impact of three factors on intelligence oversight: the growth of more complex terror threats, such as those caused by the rise of Islamic State; the colder East-West climate following Russia’s intervention in Ukraine and annexation of Crimea; and new challenges relating to the large-scale intelligence collection and intrusive surveillance practices revealed by Edward Snowden. This volume evaluates the impact these factors have had on security and intelligence services in a range of countries, together with the challenges that they present for intelligence oversight bodies to adapt in response. With chapters surveying developments in Norway, Romania, the UK, Belgium, France, the USA, Canada and Germany, the coverage is varied, wide and up-to-date.
This book will be of much interest to students of intelligence studies, security studies and International Relations.
Table of Contents
Foreword Eldbjørg Løwer Introduction Ian Leigh and Njord Wegge PART 1 Intelligence Oversight, International Relations and Law 1.Intelligence and Oversight at the outset of the 21st century Ian Leigh and Njord Wegge 2. Contemporary and future challenges to effective intelligence oversight Njord Wegge and Thorsten Wetzling PART 2 National Perspectives on Oversight 3. Is Effective Oversight Possible?: The Rising Influence of Norway’s Intelligence Service Tormod Heier 4. Romania’s Experience of Intelligence oversight Teodora Fuior 5. Reappraising Intelligence Oversight in the UK Ian Leigh 6. The Rule of Law and 25 Years of Intelligence Oversight in an Ever-Changing World: the Belgian Case Wauter Van Laethem 7. The intensification of French intelligence and its oversight under the impact of counter-terrorism Bertrand Warusfel 8. Intelligence and Oversight: A View of the US System Genevieve Lester and Jeffrey Rogg 9. Canada’s Security and Intelligence community After 9/11: Key Challenges and Conundrums Craig Forcese 10. Intelligence governance in Post-Cold War Germany: A steady beat of constant trouble? Thorsten Wetzling PART 3 11. Concluding remarks - The future of intelligence oversight Njord Wegge
Ian Leigh is Professor of Law at Durham University, UK. His previous books include: Who’s Watching the Spies?: Establishing Intelligence Service Accountability (with Hans Born and Loch Johnson, 2005) and International Intelligence Cooperation and Accountability (with Hans Born and Aidan Wills, Routledge, 2011).
Njord Wegge is Senior Research Fellow at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI). He has previously worked as a senior social science advisor for the Norwegian intelligence oversight body, The EOS-Committee.