2nd Edition

Intelligent Transportation Systems Smart and Green Infrastructure Design, Second Edition

By Sumit Ghosh, Tony S. Lee Copyright 2010
    218 Pages 79 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    For many transportation systems, the cost of expanding the infrastructure is too high. Therefore, the focus must shift to improving the quality of transportation within the existing infrastructure. The second edition of a bestseller, Intelligent Transport Systems: Smart and Green Infrastructure Design critically examines the successes and failures of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) during the course of the past decade. The new subtitle reflects this edition’s focus on meta-principles critical to moving ahead and successfully building ITS infrastructures that take advantage of smart/green technologies. The book identifies challenging problems that must be addressed in order to bring real quality of life improvements and positively impact our environmental and civil infrastructure systems.

    New in the second edition:

    • Coverage of new, efficient green strategies
    • Critical review of important developments and implementation of ITS
    • Discussion of how to apply new insights and meta-principles to real-world ITS problems

    The authors argue strongly for the need to incorporate innovative and creative approaches to transportation problems, based on the fundamental principles and thorough scientific validation. They stress the need for computer modeling and simulation of a representative system to help design and validate such complex, large-scale systems, and the design of new performance metrics to estimate the performance of these systems. They provide a radically different approach to transportation systems design—one that closely resembles reality and promises to yield an architecture that delivers the highest efficiency.

    The State-of-the-Art in ITS
    The Broad Scope of ITS
    AWorking Definition of ITS
    Current Status of ITS
    A Critical Review of the State-of-the-Art in ITS

    New Meta-Level Principles for an Untapped ITS Technological Mine

    Meta-Level Principles
    The ITS Mine and New Mining Implements
    Examples of Formidable Challenges and Amazing Opportunities

    Fundamental Issues in Transportation Systems
    Principal Characteristics of ITS
    ScientificValidation of ITS Designs through Modeling and Simulation

    DARYN: A Distributed Decision-Making Algorithm for Railway Networks
    The DARYN Approach
    Implementation of DARYN on ARMSTRONG
    Performance of DARYN

    RYNSORD: A Novel, Decentralized Algorithm for Railway Networks with Soft Reservation
    The RYNSORD Approach
    Modeling RYNSORD on an Accurate, Realistic, and Parallel Processing Testbed
    Implementation Issues
    Simulation Data and Performance Analysis

    DICAF: A Distributed, Scalable Architecture for IVHS
    DICAF: A Novel, Distributed, and Scalable Approach to IVHS
    Modeling DICAF on an Accurate, Realistic, and Parallel Processing Testbed
    Implementation and Debugging Issues
    Simulation Results and Performance Analysis of DICAF

    Stability of RYNSORD under Perturbations
    Formal Definition of Stability of RYNSORD
    Modeling RYNSORD for Stability Analysis
    Stability Analysis of RYNSORD

    Modeling and Simulation Techniques for ITS Designs
    Virtual and Physical Process Migration Strategies for ITS Designs
    Software Techniques Underlying the Process Migration Strategies
    Implementation Issues
    Simulation Results and Performance Analysis

    Future Issues in Intelligent Transportation Systems

    Description of the RYNSORD Simulator on CD-ROM and Scope of Experiments
    Getting Ready to Run


    Sumit Ghosh, Tony S. Lee

    The strengths of the book include the advanced concepts and innovative thinking about ITS and its role in transportation. The authors make some persuasive arguments for change as well as providing some practical examples of `how to' change and `what you get' for the effort to make changes. The book provides a good definition and explanation of ITS, very good examples of ITS challenges, the need for scientific validation, and a very useful and well stated list of characteristics of ITS. The book correctly appeals to both students and professionals in the industry. Inertia is a powerful force (as noted in the text) and the new way must be explained and `sold' as part of an information marketplace. I would definitely use the book in teaching a transportation engineering curriculum or any class in systems or operations analysis. There are several broad topics that are pertinent for several disciplines as well as enough transportation discussion to make the text relevant for the engineering classes in most programs. I would also use it in research as the topics in the main chapters are substantial and may provide a range of interesting research avenues for professors and students. Operations and computer simulation professionals would appear to benefit from the techniques and as well as the ideas.
    —Tim Lomax, Texas Transportation Institute


    In its current form, this book would be a very useful addition to the transportation/ITS literature. The writers are certainly aware of the concomitant issues and have done a good job of writing their particular take on the topic. A key question is: can ITS, a relatively nascent industry make money? For this, ITS needs to be studied as an industry, namely, how will it grow? how is it inextricably linked with other industries? and how can it lead to job and wealth creation? ITS has many levels: technical, operational, business, policy, financing, and political. This book focuses on the technical and operational levels of ITS.
    —Chelsea C. White, III, Georgia Institute of Technology


    "… a highly original work in rail and vehicle routing simulation and modeling and will be extremely useful in research. It would be very good in the educational setting, especially given the basic software which could be enhanced and improved in the future by the authors and other researchers. Most advanced nations and the third world countries have the need to educate their transportation professional in advanced traffic management strategies since building your way out of traffic congestion is impossible. These are very complex choices and intelligent tools are needed to assess the potential benefits before expensive deployments. Specifically, the DTMC concept is excellent. Current intersection signal controllers have huge processing and computing powers and would make a nice implementation application…"
    —Raj Ghaman, Former Manager of ITS Research, US Department of Transportation