Interaction of Radiation with Matter focuses on the physics of the interactions of ionizing radiation in living matter and the Monte Carlo simulation of radiation tracks. Clearly progressing from an elementary level to the state of the art, the text explores the classical physics of track description as well as modern aspects based on condensed matter physics.
The first section of the book discusses the fundamentals of the radiation field. In the second section, the authors describe the cross sections for electrons and heavy ions—the most important information needed for simulating radiation track at the molecular level. The third section details the inelastic scattering and energy loss of charged particles in condensed media, particularly liquid water. The final section contains a large number of questions and problems to reinforce learning.
Designed for radiation interaction courses, this textbook is the ideal platform for teaching students in medical/health physics and nuclear engineering. It gives students a solid grounding in the physical understanding of radiation track structure in living matter, enabling them to pursue further work in radiological physics and radiation dosimetry.
Table of Contents
Section I: Introduction. Basic Knowledge of Radiation. Atoms. Atomic Nucleus. Radioactivity. X-Rays. Interaction of Photons with Matter. Interaction of Electrons with Matter. Interaction of Heavy Charged Particles with Matter. δ-Ray, Restricted Stopping Power, and LET. Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation. Section II: Cross Sections for Interactions of Photons with Matter. Cross Sections for Interactions of Electrons with Water. Cross Sections for Interactions of Low-Energy Protons (<1 MeVu–1) in Water. Cross Sections for Interactions of Low-Energy α-Particles (<2 MeVu–1) in Water. Cross Sections for Interactions of High-Energy Protons (>1 MeVu–1) in Water. Model Calculations Using Track Structure Data of Electrons. Model Calculations Using Track Structure Data of Ions. Section III: Inelastic Scattering of Charged Particles in Condensed Media: A Dielectric Theory Perspective. Section IV: Questions and Problems.
Hooshang Nikjoo is a professor of radiation biophysics in the Department of Oncology-Pathology at the Karolinska Institutet. His research interests encompass computational approaches in molecular radiation biology, including Monte Carlo track structure methods, modeling DNA damage and repair, and a genome-based framework to estimate radiation risk in humans.
Shuzo Uehara is an emeritus professor of physics in the School of Health Sciences at Kyushu University. His research interests include Monte Carlo simulation of ionizing radiation and its application to medicine and biology.
Dimitris Emfietzoglou is an assistant professor in the Medical Physics Laboratory at the University of Ioannina Medical School. His research interests include the interaction of ionizing radiation with biomaterials and nanostructures and Monte Carlo particle transport simulation.
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