Interconnections for Computer Communications and Packet Networks
This book introduces different interconnection networks applied to different systems. Interconnection networks are used to communicate processing units in a multi-processor system, routers in communication networks, and servers in data centers. Queuing techniques are applied to interconnection networks to support a higher utilization of resources. There are different queuing strategies, and these determine not only the performance of the interconnection network, but also the set of requirements to make them work effectively and their cost. Routing algorithms are used to find routes to destinations and directions in what information travels. Additional properties, such as avoiding deadlocks and congestion, are sought. Effective routing algorithms need to be paired up with these networks. The book will introduce the most relevant interconnection networks, queuing strategies, and routing algorithm. It discusses their properties and how these leverage the performance of the whole interconnection system. In addition, the book covers additional topics for memory management and congestion avoidance, used to extract higher performance from the interconnection network.
Part I: Processor Interconnections. Multiprocessor Interconnection Networks. Routing. Part II: Data Networks. Internet Protocol (IP) Address Lookup. Packet Classification. Basics of Packet Switching. Input-Queued Switches. Shared-Memory Packet Switches. Load-Balancing Switches. Clos-Network Packet Switches. Buffer Management in Routers. Part III: Data-Center Networks. Data Center Networks.