Interfacial Electroviscoelasticity and Electrophoresis: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Interfacial Electroviscoelasticity and Electrophoresis

1st Edition

By Jyh-Ping Hsu, Aleksandar M. Spasic

CRC Press

194 pages | 46 B/W Illus.

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Description

In the 20 years since the pilot plant experiments used to develop the concept of electroviscoelasticity, inroads have been made in the understanding of its many related processes. Interfacial Electroviscoelasticity and Electrophoresis meets a massive scientific challenge by presenting deeper research and developments in the basic and applied science and engineering of finely dispersed particles and related systems.

Introducing more profound and in-depth treatises related to the liquid-liquid finely dispersed systems (i.e., emulsions and double emulsions), this book describes a new theory developed through the authors’ work. These findings are likely to impact other research and applications in a wide array of other fields, considering that the modeling of liquid-liquid interfaces is key to numerous chemical manufacturing processes, including those used for emulsions, suspensions, nanopowders, foams, biocolloids, and plasmas. The authors cover phenomena at the micro, nano, and atto-scales, and their techniques, theory, and supporting data will be of particular interest to nanoscientists, especially with regard to the breaking of emulsions.

This groundbreaking book:

  • Takes an interdisciplinary approach to elucidate the momentum transfer and electron transfer phenomena
  • Covers less classical chemical engineering insight and modern molecular and atomic engineering
  • Reviews basic theory of electrokinetics, using the electrophoresis of rigid particles as an example

Built around the central themes of hydrodynamic, electrodynamic, and thermodynamic instabilities that occur at interfaces, this book addresses recently developed concepts in the physics, chemistry, and rheological properties of those well-studied interfaces of rigid and deformable particles in homo- and hetero-aggregate dispersed systems. The book also introduces the key phenomenon of electrophoresis, since it is widely adopted either as an analytical tool to characterize the surface properties of colloid-sized particles or in the separation and purification process of both laboratory and industrial scales. The applications and implications of the material presented in the book represent a major contribution to the advanced fundamental, applied, and engineering research of interfacial and colloidal phenomena.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Classification of Finely Dispersed Systems

Classification Based on Scales

Classification Based on Geometry

Classification Based on Origin of Forces

Classification Based on Physical-Chemical Processes

Classification Based on Entities

General

Historical Review and Motivation

Pilot Plant for Uranium Extraction from Wet Phosphoric Acid

Entrainment Problems in Solvent Extraction: Performance of Demulsions

Marangoni Instabilities of the First and Second Order and a Possible Electrical Analog

Rheology: Various Constitutive Models of Liquids

Electroviscosity and Electroviscoelasticity of Liquid-Liquid Interfaces

Particular

Theory of Electroviscoelasticity

Previous Work

Structure: Electrified Interfaces—a New Constitutive Model of Liquids

Dynamics: Physical Formalism

Mathematical Formalisms

Appendix

Experimental

Experimental

Experimental Confirmation

Results and Discussion

Assembled Measured, Calculated, and Estimated Data

Conclusions

Implications

The First Philosophical Breakpoint

The Second Philosophical Breakpoint

Concluding Remarks

Electrophoresis

Introduction

General Governing Equations

Boundary Conditions

Perturbation Approach

Equilibrium Problem

Perturbed Problem

Boundary Effects

Governing Equations

Low Surface Potential Model

Boundary Conditions

Solution Procedure

Analytical Solution

Numerical Solution

Concluding Remarks

List of Symbols

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013050
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Physical & Theoretical
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TEC027000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Nanotechnology & MEMS