The book provides an exhaustive, authoritative and updated review on the interindividual variability in drug metabolism in humans. Four chapters address the general background: genetic factors causing variability, interethnic variability, environmental factors and developing and ageing as sources of variability. Six chapters address variability of drug metabolism in vivo: variability of psychotropic drugs, antiepileptic drugs, the dopamine precursor levodopa, cardiovascular active drugs and anti HIV drugs. Seven chapters address the interindividual variability of the main drug metabolizing enzymes: CYP-450s, acetyltransferases, glucuronosyl transferase, methyl transferases, sulfotransferases and glutathione transferases in human liver and extrahepatic tissues. A separate chapter discusses the prediction of drug interaction.
Comprehensive in coverage, and with contributions from the leading international experts, this book is essential reading for researchers from both academia and the pharmaceutical industry. Advanced undergraduates and postgraduates in pharmacology, clinical pharmacology, toxicology, biochemistry and epidemiology who are interested in drug metabolism will also find this an indispensable resource.
Table of Contents
Genetic Factors That Cause Variability in Human Drug Metabolism. Interethnic Differences in Drug Disposition and Effects. Developing and Ageing as Sources of Variability in Drug Metabolism. Genetic and Environmental Factors Causing Variability in Psychotropic Drug Response. Interindividual Variability in the Metabolism of Cardiovascular Drugs. Interindividual Variability in the Metabolism of Antiepileptic Drugs and its Clinical Implications. Variability in the Metabolism of Levodopa and its Clinical Implications. Interindividual Variability in the Disposition of Anti-HIV Drugs. Predictive Modeling of in vivo Drug Interaction From in vitro Data: From Theory to a Computer-based Workbench and Experimental Validation. Interindividual Variation of P450 Enzymes in vitro and it's Causes. Interindividual Variability of Arylamine N-acetyltransferases. Interindividual Variation of UDP-glucuronosyl Transferases and Drug Glucuronidation. Interindividual Variability of Methyltransferases. Interindividual Variability of Sulpho Transferases. Interindividual Variability of Glutathione Transferase Expression