This volume brings conversational analysis into the study of second language pragmatics as an analytic paradigm. A well-regarded team of researchers addresses a difficult area for the interlanguage pragmatics research community--the balance between experimental method and the use of conversational data. Institutional talk provides authentic and consequential talk. The goal of the book is to demonstrate how the investigation of institutional talk balances the researcher's need for comparable and replicable interactions with the need to observe authentic outcomes. The chapters present empirical studies based on quantitative and qualitative analyses, which are carefully illustrated by the real-world variables that each institution controls. The chapters span a range of institutions, including the university writing center, hotels, secondary schools, and employment offices. The variables examined include the traditional ILP variables, such as status, directness, and social distance, as well as new concepts like trust, authority, equality and discourse style.
Contents: K. Bardovi-Harlig, B.S. Hartford, Introduction. K. Bardovi-Harlig, B.S. Hartford, Institutional Discourse and Interlanguage Pragmatics Research. J. Williams, Writing Center Interaction: Institutional Discourse and the Role of Peer Tutors. L. Yates, Negotiating an Institutional Identity: Individual Differences in NS and NNS Teacher Directives. J. Kerekes, Before, During, and After the Event: Getting the Job (or Not) in an Employment Interview. C.E. Davies, A.E. Tyler, Discourse Strategies in the Context of Crosscultural Institutional Talk: Uncovering Interlanguage Pragmatics in the University Classroom. E. Tarone, English for Specific Purposes and Interlanguage Pragmatics. T. Gibbs, Using Moves in the Opening Sequence to Identify Callers in Institutional Settings. K. Bardovi-Harlig, B.S. Hartford, Practical Considerations.
The Second Language Acquisition Research series presents and explores issues bearing directly on theory construction and/or research methods in the study of second language acquisition. Its titles (both authored and edited volumes) provide thorough and timely overviews of high-interest topics, and include key discussions of existing research findings and their implications. A special emphasis of the series is reflected in the monographs dealing with specific data collection methods or instruments. Each of these monographs addresses the kinds of research questions for which the method/instrument is best suited, offers extended description of its use, and outlines the problems associated with its use. The volumes in this series will be invaluable to students and scholars alike, and perfect for use in courses on research methodology and in individual research.