The post 9/11 era has produced structured rehabilitation programmes in a wide range of countries including Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Pakistan, Malaysia, Egypt, Iraq, and Uzbekistan. There are also ad hoc and emerging programmes in Nigeria, China, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Denmark, Germany, United Kingdom, and Nepal. Due to the threat from global Islamist terrorist groups, including al-Qaeda and the Islamic State (IS), the focus has tended to be on Islamist groups. However, Sri Lanka also has a multifaceted rehabilitation programme that was created after the ethno-nationalist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) group was defeated in 2009, which can teach us some valuable lessons.
This book consists of a series of case studies of different terrorist rehabilitation initiatives that have been attempted around the world. Each initiative is critically analysed to develop a sound understanding of the significance of different approaches and strategies of terrorist rehabilitation in helping potential terrorists integrate back into society. Sharing and examining case studies, by both practitioners and scholars, this book provides vital tools to address the challenges faced by practitioners of terrorist rehabilitation programmes.
Table of Contents
Foreword by Brian Michael Jenkins
1. Introduction (Rohan Gunaratna and Sabariah Hussin)
2. Countering Violent extremism: What Pakistan can learn from Singapore’s Experience? (Abdul Basit)
3. Denmark’s De-radicalisation programme (Ahmad Saiful Rijal bin Hassan)
4. De-radicalisation initiatives in Saudi Arabia (Marcin Styzynski)
5. Militant Revisionism in Egypt: The Case of Al-Gamaaa Al-Islamiyya and Al-Jihad Al-Islami (Mohamed b Ali)
6. Iraq: A Challenging Terrorist Rehabilitation (Sabariah Hussin)
7. Managing Recidivism: A Vision for Terrorist Rehabilitation in Bangladesh (Iftekharul Bashar)
8. Model of De-radicalisation in Malaysia (Mohd Mizan Aslam)
9. Nigeria’s Past and Present Efforts at Rehabilitation and Reintegration (Chidinma Jennifer Ogbogu)
10. Rehabilitation of Terrorist & Extremist: An Overview of Uzbekistan’s Experience (Nodirbek Soliev)
11. Sri Lanka Rehabilitation Program and Beyond (Malkanthi Hettiarachchi)
12. The Process of Change in the Rehabilitation of Violent Extremists- The Singapore Experience (Hu Weiying)
13. German Approaches to Counter Violent Islamist Extremism (Inga K. Trauthig)
14. Winning the Hearts of the People: Terrorist Rehabilitation in China (Zhou Zunyou)
Rohan Gunaratna is Professor of Security Studies and Head of the International Centre for Political Violence and Terrorism Research, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Sabariah Hussin is a Research Analyst at the International Centre for Political Violence and Terrorism Research, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
‘Rehabilitation efforts have proved to be equally complex, involving more than a sermon from an appropriate imam pointing out the error of the subject’s ways. Rehabilitation requires intense interaction at the individual level and includes religious guidance, psychological counseling, financial assistance, improving education, family and community engagement, even marriage, all aimed at achieving a permanent transformation of behavior. The chapters compiled by Rohan Gunaratna and Sabariah M. Hussin suggest common principles but illustrate diverse approaches. What is appropriate and works in one society might not be suitable in another…As should be apparent from the reflections in this foreword, readers will have much to think about as they read this important volume.’ - Brian Michael Jenkins, Senior Adviser to the President of the RAND Corporation, US
'These two edited volumes (Deradicalisation and terrorist rehabilitation, and International case studies of terrorist rehabilitation) are therefore helpful, in that they provide those charged with implementing our counterterrorism programmes with a guide—a selection of lessons learned, both positive and negative, drawn from an impressively broad range of contexts.' - David H. Ucko, Assoc. Proffessor, National Defense University, USA