This book, originally published in 1986, analyses and describes the significance of cultural relations in international affairs. It traces the beginnings of cultural relations in the 19th century and their evolution. Consideration is given to the nature and organization of global ‘cultural diplomacy’, with a particular focus on France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the USA. This book will be of interest to students in international affairs and modern history, but also to those working in government departments and agencies.
1. Beyond Diplomacy 2. The Uses of Cultural Relations 3. Origins and Early Evolution 4. Propaganda 5. The Example of France 6. The War and the Unquiet Peace 7. Information and After 8. The Organization 9. Aims and Means 10. The Cultural Dimension in Development 11. A Personnel of Paragons 12. Analysis and Evaluation 13. Four Major Reports 14. Activities and Their Planning: Information and Books 15. Exchange of Persons 16. Languages and Language-Teaching 17. The Arts 18. Schools, Science, Universities, Literature and Multilateralism 19. External Broadcasting and the New Technology 20. Thematic Propositions. Appendices.