International Developments and Practices in Investigative Interviewing and Interrogation
Volume 1: Victims and witnesses
Techniques in the investigative interviewing and interrogation of victims, witnesses and suspects of crime vary around the world, according to a country’s individual legal system, religion and culture. Whereas some countries have developed certain interview protocols for witnesses (such as the ABE Guidelines and the NICHD protocol when interviewing children) and the PEACE model of interviewing suspects, other countries continue to use physical coercion and other questionable tactics to elicit information.
Until now, there has been very little empirical information about the overall interview and interrogation practices in non-western countries, especially the Middle and Far East. This book addresses this gap, bringing together international experts from over 25 countries and providing in-depth coverage of the various interview and interrogation techniques used across the globe. Volume 1 focuses on the interviewing of victims and witnesses, aiming to provide the necessary information for an understanding of how law enforcement agencies around the world gain valuable information from victims and witnesses in criminal cases. Together, the chapters that make up this volume and the accompanying volume on interviewing suspects, draw on specific national case studies and practices, examine contemporary challenges and identify best practice to enable readers to develop an international, as well as a comparative, perspective of developments worldwide in this important area of criminal investigation.
This book will be an essential resource for academics and students engaged in the study of policing, criminal investigation, forensic psychology and criminal law. It will also be of great interest to practitioners, legal professionals and policymakers around the world.
Table of Contents
Introduction, Gavin E. Oxburgh, Trond Myklebust, Allison Redlich and Dave Walsh 1. Indonesia, R. Dian Dia-an Muniroh and E. Aminudin Aziz 2. Iran, Hossein Raeesi, Mahnaz Parakand, Kamiar Alaei and Nakissa Jahanbani 3. Israel, Carmit Katz 4. Japan, Makiko Naka 5. South Korea, Misun Yi, Eunkyung Jo and Michael E. Lamb 6. Australia, Jane Tudor-Owen and Adrian J. Scott 7. New Zealand, Nina J. Westera, Rachel Zajac and Deirdre A. Brown 8. Belgium, Michel Carmans and Pierre Patiny 9. England and Wales, Genevieve Waterhouse, Anne Ridley, Rachel Wilcock and Ray Bull 10. Estonia, Kristjan Kask 11. France, Samuel Demarchi, Anaïs Taddeï, Laurent Fanton, Hervé Fabrizi and Stefania Tamasan 12. Germany, Renate Volbert and Bianca Baker 13. Italy, Angelo Zappala and Francesco Pompedda 14. The Netherlands, Imke Rispens and Jannie van der Sleen 15. Portugal, Carlos Eduardo Peixoto, Catarina Ribeiro, Raquel Veludo Fernandes and Telma Sousa Almeida 16. Scotland, Annabelle Nicol, David La Rooy and Stuart Houston 17. Scandinavia, Kristina Kepinska Jakobsen, Ivar A. Fahsing and Emma Roos af Hjelmsäter 18. Slovenia, Tinkara Pavšič Mrevlje, Igor Areh and Sabina Zgaga 19. Switzerland, J. Courvoisier, A. Schaller and M. Cyr 20. Canada, Sonja P. Brubacher, Nicholas C. Bala, Kim Roberts and Heather Price 21. Chile, C. Navaro, D. Mettidofo and F. Garcia 22. Brazil, Lilian Milnitsky Stein, Gustavo Noronha de Ávila and Luis Roberto Benia 23. USA, Kyndra C. Cleveland, Jodi A. Quas and Stephanie Denzel Conclusion, Gavin E. Oxburgh, Trond Myklebust, Allison Redlich and Dave Walsh.
David Walsh is an Applied Criminologist, and a Fellow of the UK’s Higher Education Academy. He has published several articles and book chapters, while co-authoring a book on corruption. Prior to joining academia he was an investigation professional in government departments in the UK for over 20 years. Dr Walsh has presented his work at many national and international academic and practitioner conferences.
Gavin E. Oxburgh is a registered Forensic Psychologist with the UK Health and Care Professions Council, a Chartered Psychologist and Scientist, and a Fellow of the UK Higher Education Academy. Dr Oxburgh is an expert witness and has provided psychological advice in legal cases in the UK and overseas. Prior to academia, he had a highly successful 22-year career with the Royal Air Force Police where he was a senior detective specialising in crime management, child protection and sexual offences, serving throughout the UK and across Europe.
Allison D. Redlich, PhD, is an internationally-known researcher on police interrogation, who began her career studying child victim/witnesses. She has published many peer-reviewed articles on these and related topics and is often asked to provide expert testimony in court and to educate law enforcement and court professionals. She has served on the Executive Committee of the American Psychology-Law Society and is co-chairing their 2014 conference.
Trond Myklebust gained his bachelor degree from the University of Oslo and an MSc in Investigative Psychology from the University of Liverpool while serving as a police officer. In 2009 he became the first police officer in Norway to obtain a PhD (Department of Psychology, University of Oslo). He holds a position as Assistant Chief of Police at the Norwegian Police University College, and a Visiting Lectureship at Newcastle University in the UK. He is a Chartered Psychologist in the British Psychological Society, and Co-Founder and Co-Director of the International Investigative Interviewing Research Group (iIIRG).
‘Walsh, Oxburgh, Redlich, and Myklebust have provided two invaluable resources for the field of forensic interviewing and interrogation. Researchers, students, practitioners, and policymakers now have at their fingertips the most up-to-date information from countries around the globe on methods of questioning victims, witnesses, and suspects. Simply put, these two volumes are a fascinating and enlightening foray into the variety of international interview and interrogation practices.’ - Gail Goodman, Distinguished Professor of Psychology, University of California, Davis, USA
‘From over 25 countries, this book brings together everything there is to know about contemporary practices of investigative interviewing all over the world. For forensic psychologists, criminologists, and law enforcement professionals alike, this unique collection of chapters - on how to interview and interrogate crime victims, witnesses, and suspects - provides an invaluable resource.’ - Saul Kassin, Distinguished Professor of Psychology, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, New York City, USA