Techniques in the investigative interviewing and interrogation of victims, witnesses and suspects of crime vary around the world, according to a country’s individual legal system, religion and culture. Whereas some countries have developed certain interview protocols for witnesses (such as the ABE Guidelines and the NICHD protocol when interviewing children) and the PEACE model of interviewing suspects, other countries continue to use physical coercion and other questionable tactics to elicit information.
Until now, there has been very little empirical information about the overall interview and interrogation practices in non-western countries, especially the Middle and Far East. This book addresses this gap, bringing together international experts from over 25 countries and providing in-depth coverage of the various interview and interrogation techniques used across the globe. Volume 2 focuses on the interviewing of crime suspects, aiming to provide the necessary information for an understanding of how law enforcement agencies around the world gain valuable information from suspects in criminal cases. Together, the chapters that make up this volume and the accompanying volume on interviewing witnesses and victims, draw on specific national case studies and practices, examine contemporary challenges and identify best practice to enable readers to develop an international, as well as a comparative, perspective of developments worldwide in this important area of criminal investigation.
This book will be an essential resource for academics and students engaged in the study of policing, criminal investigation, forensic psychology and criminal law. It will also be of great interest to practitioners, legal professionals and policymakers around the world.
Table of Contents
Introduction, Allison Redlich, Dave Walsh, Gavin Oxburgh and Trond Myklebust 1. China, Marvin Zalman and Yuning Wu 2. Indonesia, the Philippines, & Sri Lanka, Jane Goodman-Delahunty 3. Iran, Nargess Tavassolian, Mohammad Hedayati-Kakhki, Alexandra Harrington and Kamiar Alaei 4. Israel, Carmit Katz 5. Japan, Taeko Wachi and Kazumi Watanabe 6. Australia and New Zealand, Amanda Cain, Nina J. Westera and Mark Kebbell 7. Belgium, Miet Vanderhallen, Michelle DeJong and Geert Vervaeke 8. England and Wales, Colin Clarke and Rebecca Milne 9. Estonia, Raivo Öpik and Kristjan Kask 10. France, Samuel Demarchi and Laurent Delhalle 11. Germany, Renate Volbert and Bianca Baker 12. Italy, A. Zappalà, F. Pompedda, V. M. Rossini and M. Scarabello 13. Netherlands, Martijn van Beek and Jos Hoekendijk 14. Portugal, Carlos E. Peixoto, Alexandra Seabra and António Castanho 15. Scandinavia, Ivar A. Fahsing, Kristina Kepinska Jakobsen and Harriet Jakobsson Öhrn 16. Scotland, Annabelle Nicol, David La Rooy and Stuart Houston 17. Slovenia, Igor Areh, Sabina Zgaga and Benjamin Flander 18. Switzerland, J. Courvoisier, C. Sellie and M. St-Yves 19. Canada, Brent Snook, Kirk Luther and Todd Barron 20. Mexico, Gustavo Fondevila 21. USA, Christopher E. Kelly and Christian A. Meissner Conclusion, Dave Walsh, Allison Redlich, Gavin Oxburgh and Trond Myklebust.
David Walsh is an Applied Criminologist, and a Fellow of the UK’s Higher Education Academy. He has published several articles and book chapters, while co-authoring a book on corruption. Prior to joining academia he was an investigation professional in government departments in the UK for over 20 years. Dr Walsh has presented his work at many national and international academic and practitioner conferences.
Gavin E. Oxburgh is a registered Forensic Psychologist with the UK Health and Care Professions Council, a Chartered Psychologist and Scientist, and a Fellow of the UK Higher Education Academy. Dr Oxburgh is an expert witness and has provided psychological advice in legal cases in the UK and overseas. Prior to academia, he had a highly successful 22-year career with the Royal Air Force Police where he was a senior detective specializing in crime management, child protection and sexual offences, serving throughout the UK and across Europe.
Allison D. Redlich, PhD, is an internationally-known researcher on police interrogation, who began her career studying child victim/witnesses. She has published many peer-reviewed articles on these and related topics and is often asked to provide expert testimony in court and to educate law enforcement and court professionals. She has served on the Executive Committee of the American Psychology-Law Society and is co-chairing their 2014 conference.
Trond Myklebust gained his bachelor degree from the University of Oslo and an MSc in Investigative Psychology from the University of Liverpool while serving as a police officer. In 2009 he became the first police officer in Norway to obtain a PhD (Department of Psychology, University of Oslo). He holds a position as Assistant Chief of Police at the Norwegian Police University College, and a Visiting Lectureship at Newcastle University in the UK. He is a Chartered Psychologist in the British Psychological Society, and Co-Founder and Co-Director of the International Investigative Interviewing Research Group (iIIRG).
‘Unprecedented in its coverage - a landmark text! A must-have for all psych-law academics and practitioners in the field.’ - P. A. Granhag, Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
‘This book provides a unique insight into the practice of interrogation techniques across the world. I strongly recommend it.’ - Gisli Gudjonsson, CBE and Emeritus Professor of Forensic Psychology, King's College London, UK
‘The scope and breadth of this compilation is extraordinary and unprecedented. The single best feature of this volume is that it provides the reader the ability to compare and contrast practices from different countries in an easy format, given that many chapters follow a similar structure and cover many of the same topics (e.g., training, age effects, common approaches, the role of a caution, etc.). This volume sheds a bright light on practices in countries we have previously known little about, while at the same time highlighting themes and practices that appear to be common across many cultures.
The sort of cross-cultural, international approach that this volume adopts towards the understanding of investigative interviewing is exactly what the research and operational communities need to move out of our cultural silos, learn from one another, and improve practice on a global scale.’ - Melissa Russano, Associate Professor, School of Justice Studies, Roger Williams University, USA
‘International developments and practices in investigative interviewing and interrogation (Volume 2: Suspects)is a remarkable collection that is highly original and an important addition to the growing body of work on the interviewing - and even though we don’t like to say it anymore – interrogation of suspects. In addition to chapters that bring us up to date with developments in the UK, USA, Canada and many other countries that are the mainstays of research on investigative interviewing, there are fascinating new chapters on interviewing in countries such as China, Italy, Germany, Japan, Iran, Israel, Mexico, Scotland and many more. The chapters are written to a consistent framework highlighting the historical, political, and sometimes religious factors that have shaped investigative practices.
Students and researchers will find the wealth of case examples, statistical and legal information an invaluable resource. There is clear evidence here that scientific and ethical interviewing can and must be the cornerstone of all investigations. This book takes the entire field forward and is, without any exaggeration, truly essential reading.’ - Stephen Moston, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, James Cook University, Australia