1st Edition

International Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

Edited By Linden J. Ball, Valerie A. Thompson Copyright 2018
    646 Pages
    by Psychology Press

    666 Pages 75 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge International Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning is an authoritative reference work providing a balanced overview of current scholarship spanning the full breadth of the rapidly developing and expanding field of thinking and reasoning. It contains 35 chapters written by leading international researchers, covering foundational issues as well as state-of-the-art developments in thinking and reasoning research.

    Topics covered range across all sub-areas of thinking and reasoning, including deduction, induction, abduction, judgment, decision making, argumentation, problem solving, expertise, creativity and rationality. The contributors engage with cutting-edge debates such as the status of dual-process theories of thinking, the role of unconscious, intuitive, emotional and metacognitive processes in thinking, and the importance of probabilistic conceptualisations of thinking and reasoning. Authors also examine the importance of neuroscientific findings in informing theoretical developments, and explore the situated nature of thinking and reasoning across a range of real-world contexts such as mathematics, medicine and science.

    The Handbook provides a clear sense of the way in which contemporary ideas are challenging traditional viewpoints as "new paradigm of the psychology of reasoning" emerges. This paradigm-shifting research is paving the way toward a richer and more inclusive understanding of thinking and reasoning, where important new questions drive a forward-looking research agenda. It is essential reading for both established researchers in the field of thinking and reasoning as well as advanced students wishing to learn more about both the historical foundations and latest developments in this rapidly growing field.


    1. Meta-Reasoning: Shedding Meta-Cognitive Light on Reasoning Research

    Rakefet Ackerman and Valerie A. Thompson

    2. Belief Bias and Reasoning

    Linden J. Ball and Valerie A. Thompson

    3. Intuitive Thinking

    Tilmann Betsch and Pablina Roth

    4. Emotion and Reasoning

    Isabelle Blanchette, Serge Caparos and Bastien Trémolière

    5. Counterfactual Reasoning and Imagination

    Ruth M. J. Byrne

    6. Fallacies of Argumentation

    Peter J. Collins and Ulrike Hahn

    7. Medical Decision Making

    Pat Croskerry

    8. The New Paradigm in Psychology of Reasoning

    Shira Elqayam

    9. Dual-Process Theories

    Jonathan St. B. T. Evans

    10. Forty Years of Progress on Category-Based Inductive Reasoning

    Aidan Feeney

    11. Analogical Reasoning

    Dedre Gentner and Francisco Maravilla

    12. Incubation, Problem Solving and Creativity

    Kenneth J. Gilhooly

    13. Inductive and Deductive Reasoning: Integrating Insights from Philosophy, Psychology and Neuroscience

    Vinod Goel and Randy Waechter

    14. Scientific Thinking

    Michael E. Gorman


    15. Working Memory, Thinking and Expertise

    Zach Z. Hambrick, Alex Burgoyne, Guillermo Campitelli and Brooke N. Macnamara

    16. Expert Decision Making: A Fuzzy-Trace Theory Perspective

    Rebecca K. Helm, Michael J. McCormick and Valerie F. Reyna

    17. Conversational Inference and Human Reasoning

    Denis J. Hilton, Bart Geurts and Peter Sedlmeier

    18. The Fast-and-Frugal Heuristics Program

    Ulrich Hoffrage, Sebastian Hafenbrädl and Julian N. Marewski

    19. Mental Models and Reasoning

    Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Geoffrey P. Goodwin and Sangeet S. Khemlani

    20. Abductive Reasoning and Explanation

    Barbara Koslowski

    21. The Development of Logical Reasoning

    Henry Markovits

    22. Reasoning and Argumentation

    Hugo Mercier

    23. Probabilities and Bayesian Rationality

    Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

    24. Probabilistic Accounts of Conditional Reasoning

    David E. Over and Nicole Cruz

    25. Judgment Heuristics

    Timothy Rakow and William J. Skylark

    26. Creative Thinking

    Mark A. Runco

    27. Naturalistic Decision Making

    Jan Maarten Schraagen

    28. Decision Making under Risk and Uncertainty

    Christin Schulze and Ben R. Newell

    29. Several Logics for the Many Things that People do in Reasoning

    Keith Stenning and Alexandra Varga

    30. The Development of Rational Thinking: Insights from the Heuristics and Biases Literature and Dual Process Models

    Maggie E. Toplak

    31. The Sense of Coherence: How Intuition Guides Reasoning and Thinking

    Sascha Topolinski

    32. Reasoning and Moral Judgment: A Common Experimental Toolbox

    Bastien Trémolière, Wim De Neys and Jean-François Bonnefon

    33. Contemporary Perspectives on Mathematical Thinking and Learning

    Keith Weber and Kevin Moore

    34. Problem Solving

    Robert W. Weisberg

    35. Thinking and Reasoning across Cultures

    Hiroshi Yama


    Linden J. Ball is Professor of Cognitive Psychology and Dean of Psychology at the University of Central Lancashire. He is Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Cognitive Psychology, Associate Editor of Thinking & Reasoning and Editor for Routledge’s Current Issues in Thinking & Reasoning book series.

    Valerie A. Thompson is Professor of Cognitive Psychology at the University of Saskatchewan. She is Past President of the Canadian Society of Brain, Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, and is currently Editor-in-Chief of Thinking & Reasoning.