This book examines how international intelligence cooperation has come to prominence post-9/11 and introduces the main accountability, legal and human rights challenges that it poses.
Since the end of the Cold War, the threats that intelligence services are tasked with confronting have become increasingly transnational in nature – organised crime, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and terrorism. The growth of these threats has impelled intelligence services to cooperate with contemporaries in other states to meet these challenges. While cooperation between certain Western states in some areas of intelligence operations (such as signals intelligence) is longstanding, since 9/11 there has been an exponential increase in both their scope and scale.
This edited volume explores not only the challenges to accountability presented by international intelligence cooperation but also possible solutions for strengthening accountability for activities that are likely to remain fundamental to the work of intelligence services. The book will be of much interest to students of intelligence studies, security studies, international law, global governance and IR in general.
Foreword Helga Hernes Part 1: Introduction 1. Accountability and Intelligence Cooperation: Framing the Issue Ian Leigh 2. International Intelligence Cooperation in Practice Richard Aldrich Part 2: Challenges 3. Blacklisting and Financial Sanctions against Suspected Terrorists Iain Cameron 4. The Collateral Casualties of Collaboration: The Consequences for Civil and Human Rights of Transnational Intelligence Sharing Craig Forcese 5. Rendition, Torture and Intelligence Cooperation Silvia Borelli 6. Intelligence Cooperation in International Operations: Peacekeeping, Weapons Inspections, and the Apprehension and Prosecution of War Criminals Simon Chesterman Part 3: Oversight and Review 7. National Oversight of International Intelligence Cooperation Philippe Hayez 8. Fit for purpose? Accountability Challenges and Paradoxes of Domestic Inquiries Andrea Wright 9. International responses to the accountability gap: European inquiries into illegal transfers and secret detentions Hans Born and Aidan Wills Part 4: The Role of Law 10. National Courts and Intelligence Cooperation Ian Leigh 11. International Law: Human Rights Law and State Responsibility Martin Scheinin and Mathias Vermeulen Part 4: Conclusion 12. International Intelligence Cooperation and Accountability: Formidable Challenges and Imperfect Solutions Aidan Wills and Hans Born