Internment during the First World War: A Mass Global Phenomenon, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Internment during the First World War

A Mass Global Phenomenon, 1st Edition

Edited by Stefan Manz, Panikos Panayi, Matthew Stibbe


298 pages

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Hardback: 9780415787444
pub: 2018-09-18
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315225913
pub: 2018-10-10
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Although civilian internment has become associated with the Second World War in popular memory, it has a longer history. The turning point in this history occurred during the First World War when, in the interests of ‘security’ in a situation of total war, the internment of ‘enemy aliens’ became part of state policy for the belligerent states, resulting in the incarceration, displacement and, in more extreme cases, the death by neglect or deliberate killing of hundreds of thousands of people throughout the world. This pioneering book on internment during the First World War brings together international experts to investigate the importance of the conflict for the history of civilian incarceration.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Preface iv

Notes on Contributors viii

List of Illustrations xii



1 Internment during the First World War: A Global Mass Phenomenon 1

Stefan Manz, Panikos Panayi and Matthew Stibbe

2 The Internment of Civilian ‘Enemy Aliens’ in the British Empire 24

Stefan Manz and Panikos Panayi

3 Adding Colour to the Silhouettes: The Internment and Treatment 51

of Foreign Civilians in Germany during the First World War

Christoph Jahr and Jens Thiel

4 The Internment of Enemy Aliens in the Habsburg Empire, 1914-1918 77

Matthew Stibbe

5 The Internment of Enemy Aliens in France during the First World 108

War: The ‘Depot’ at Corbara in Corsica

Simon Giuseppi

6 Colonial Subjects and Enemy Aliens: Confinement and Internment 134

in Italy, 1911-1919

Daniela L.Caglioti

7 Internment and Destruction: Concentration Camps during the Armenian 160

Genocide, 1915-1916

Khatchig Mouradian

8 The Internment of Enemy Aliens in Canada during the Great War: 184

Rights, Obligations and Diplomacy

Bohdan S. Kordan

9 Control and Internment of Enemy Aliens in the United States 211

during the First World War

Jörg Nagler

10 The New Zealand Occupation of German Samoa during the First 242

World War, 1914-1918: Enemy Aliens and Internment

Sandra Barkhof

11 Internment in Neutral and Belligerent Romania (1914-1919) 270

Andrei Şiperco

12 The Internment of Prisoners of War and Civilians in Neutral 300

Switzerland, 1916-1919

Anja Huber




About the Editors

Stefan Manz is Professor of German and Global History at Aston University, Birmingham. His book Constructing a German Diaspora: The ‘Greater German Empire’, 1871–1914 is also published by Routledge.

Panikos Panayi is Professor of European History at De Montfort University, United Kingdom. His publications include The Enemy in Our Midst: Germans in Britain During the First World War and Prisoners of Britain: German Civilian and Combatant Internees during the First World War.

Matthew Stibbe is Professor of Modern European History at Sheffield Hallam University. His edited volume titled Captivity, Forced Labour and Forced Migration in Europe during the First World War and his co-edited volume (with Ingrid Sharp) titled Women’s International Activism during the Inter-War Period, 1919–1939, are both published by Routledge.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in First World War History

The First World War is a subject of perennial interest to historians and is often regarded as a watershed event, marking the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the 'modern' industrial world. The sheer scale of the conflict and massive loss of life means that it is constantly being assessed and reassessed to examine its lasting military, political, sociological, industrial, cultural and economic impact. Reflecting the latest international scholarly research, the Routledge Studies in First World War History series provides a unique platform for the publication of monographs on all aspects of the Great War. Whilst the main thrust of the series is on the military aspects of the conflict, other related areas (including cultural, visual, literary, political and social) are also addressed. Books published are aimed primarily at a post-graduate academic audience, furthering exciting recent interpretations of the war, whilst still being accessible enough to appeal to a wider audience of educated lay readers.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / General
HISTORY / Canada / Post-Confederation (1867-)
HISTORY / Europe / Eastern
HISTORY / Europe / France
HISTORY / Europe / Germany
HISTORY / Europe / Great Britain
HISTORY / Europe / Italy
HISTORY / Military / World War I
HISTORY / Europe / Russia & the Former Soviet Union
HISTORY / Modern / 20th Century