Although civilian internment has become associated with the Second World War in popular memory, it has a longer history. The turning point in this history occurred during the First World War when, in the interests of ‘security’ in a situation of total war, the internment of ‘enemy aliens’ became part of state policy for the belligerent states, resulting in the incarceration, displacement and, even murder, of hundreds of thousands of people throughout the world. This pioneering book on internment during the First World War brings together experts from throughout the world to investigate the importance of the conflict for the history of civilian incarceration.
1. Introduction (Stefan Manz, Panikos Panayi and Matthew Stibbe) 2. The Internment of Germans in the British Empire during the First World War (Stefan Manz and Panikos Panayi) 3. The Internment of Enemy Aliens in the Habsburg Empire, 1914-1918 (Matthew Stibbe) 4. The Internment of Civilians in Imperial Germany (Christoph Jahr and Jens Thiel) 5. Internment and Human Rights: The French Approach (Simon Giuseppi) 6. Surveillance and Internment of Enemy Aliens in the United States during the First World War (Jörg Nagler) 7. The Internment of Enemy Aliens in Canada during the Great War: Rights, Obligations and Diplomacy (Bohdan S. Kordan) 8. Concentration Camps during the Armenian Genocide: Power, Collaboration, and Resistance (Khatchig Mouradian) 9. Colonial Subjects, Internal Enemies and Enemy Aliens: Confinement and Internment in Italy between 1911 and 1919 (Daniela Luigia Caglioti) 10. Civilian Internees and Prisoners of War in Romania 1916-1919 (Andrei Siperco) 11. The Internment of Prisoners of War in Switzerland during the First World War: Humanitarian Aid versus Economic Interests? (Anja Huber) 12. The New Zealand Occupation of German Samoa during the First World War 1914-1918: Enemy Aliens and Internment (Sandra Barkhof)