Do our expectancies about ourselves and about others have any effect on our actual experiences? Over fifty years of research studies suggest not only that this is the case, but also that our expectancies can shape other people’s experience in different contexts. In some cases they can help, but other times they can do harm instead.
Interpersonal and Intrapersonal Expectancies provides a theory, a research review, and a summary of the current knowledge on intra- and interpersonal expectancy effects and related phenomena. Based on extensive study, and written by eminent experts from some of the world’s leading academic institutions, the book presents the most recent knowledge on social and psychological mechanisms of forming both intra- and interpersonal expectancies. It also considers how expectancies are sustained and what their consequences are, as well as discussing the latest theoretical concepts and the most up-to-date research on expectancy effects.
This book represents the first review of the phenomenon of interpersonal expectancies in over 20 years, and the only publication presenting a complementary view of both intra- and interpersonal expectancies. It aims to open up a discussion between researchers and theoreticians from both perspectives, and to promote an integrative approach that incorporates both.
List of figures. List of contributors. Acknowledgements. Two perspectives on expectancies, An introduction. (Sławomir Trusz, Przemysław Bąbel) Part 1: Expectancies for self. Preface - Expectancy about self. (Irving Kirsch) 1. Response expectancy (Irving Kirsch) 2. The story of motivational concordance (Michael E. Hyland) 3. Self-Efficacy (James E. Maddux) 4. Hypnosis, memory, and expectations (Jessica Baltman, Steven Jay Lynn) 5. Generalized expectancies for negative mood regulation: Development, assessment, and implications of a construct (Salvatore J. Catanzaro, Jack Mearns) 6. Smoking-Related expectancies (Peter S. Hendricks, Thomas H. Brandon) 7. Response expectancy and cancer care (Madalina Sucala, Julie Schnur, Guy H. Montgomery) 8. How expectancies shape placebo effects Part 2: Expectancies for others. Preface - Expectancy about others (Lee Jussim) 9. When and why do expectations create reality? Reflections on behavioral confirmation in social interaction (Mark Snyder) 10. Identity negotiation in social interaction: Past, present and future (William B. Swann, Jr., Jennifer K. Bosson) 11. Motivation Matters: The functional context of expectation confirmation processes (Steven L. Neuberg) 12. Why accuracy dominates self-fulfilling prophecies and bias (Lee Jussim, Sean T. Stevens) 13. Understanding the connections between self-fulfilling prophecies and social problems (Jennifer Willard, Stephanie Madon) 14. Pygmalion, and the classroom, after 50 years (Elisha Babad) 15. Children’s awareness of differential treatment: Toward a contextual understanding of teacher expectancy effects (Rhona S. Weinstein) 16. Individual differences in reponse to expectations (Charles K. West) 17. High and low expectation teachers: The importance of the teacher factor (Christine Rubie-Davies) 18. Inaccurate teacher expectations: Relationships with student and class characteristics and its effect on long-term student performance (Hester de Boer, Anneke C. Timmermans, Margaretha P. C. van der Werf). Expectancy effects: An attempt to integrate intra- and interpersonal perspectives (Przemysław Bąbel, Sławomir Trusz)