Introduction to Bioenergy: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Introduction to Bioenergy

1st Edition

By Vaughn C. Nelson, Kenneth L. Starcher

CRC Press

261 pages | 89 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781498716987
pub: 2016-06-28
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Description

Explore a Major Component of Renewable Energy

Introduction to Bioenergy takes a look at energy from biomass (thermal energy, power, liquid fuels, and biogas) and envisions a sustainable future fueled by renewable energy. From production to conversion to heat, power, and biofuel, this book breaks down the science of bioenergy and explains the major processes for its production, conversion, and use.

Covers Solar Energy, Bioenergy, and Biomass Resources

The book begins with an introduction to solar energy (the source of bioenergy) and then moves on to describe bioenergy, biomass, chemical conversion, and the renewable energy processes involved. The authors cover measurement energy parameters, analysis of data, and the prediction of energy production for different bio products. They also consider the institutional, environmental, and economic concerns surrounding bioenergy.

An all-inclusive resource covering a rapidly-advancing field, this book:

  • Explores the impact of climate change and global warming on the production of biomass
  • Describes the positive and negative effects of biomass production on ecosystems and biodiversity
  • Illustrates the use of biomass for the production of electricity
  • Considers the replacement of fossil fuels with biofuels, biofuel production, and emerging technologies
  • Addresses institutional and environmental issues relevant to bioenergy
  • Discusses factors impacting the economic feasibility of renewable energy systems

Introduction to Bioenergy defines major processes for the production, conversion, and use of bioenergy. A book suitable for coursework or self-study, this essential work serves students and practicing professionals in the renewable energy, environmental science, agriculture engineering, and biology fields.

Reviews

"This book provides an excellent overview of the basic science that describes the source (solar energy) and how this energy is collected and converted to what we call bioenergy. …The latter chapters describe how bioenergy can be utilized by society and meet the growing need for additional energy as the supply of fossil fuels declines in the future."

—R. Nolan Clark, Retired, Director, ARS, USDA, Bushland, Texas, USA

Table of Contents

Introduction

Numbers

Carbon Cycle

Climate Change

Biomass Production

Land Use

Food and Fiber Production

Wood

Sustainable Use

Bioenergy

References

Energy

Introduction

Definitions of Energy and Power

Heat

Thermodynamics

Energy Dilemma in Light of the Laws of Thermodynamics

Use of Fossil Fuels

Nuclear

Finite Resource

Summary

References

Sun

Solar Power

Electromagnetic Spectrum

Energy Balance of the Earth

Earth–Sun Motion

Insolation

Solar Resource

References

Climate Change

Climate Change-A

Greenhouse Effect

Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Global Warming

Information and Comments

Geoengineering

Effect on the Biosphere

References

Plants

Plant Basics

Biomass Resource

Valuable Parts of the Plants

Where Can They Grow

Multi-seasonal

Multipurpose

Perennial Grasses

References

Soil

Formation and Composition

Soil Use, Preparation

Soil Conservation

Sustainability

References

Constraints

Water

Agronomy

Biomass Logistics

Other Constraints

References

Heat and Power

Introduction

Stoves

Heat and Electricity

Biodigestors

References

Biofuels

Ethanol

Biodiesel

Microalgae

Biomethane

Biorefinery

Comments

References

Secondary Uses

Energetics

By-Products

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

References

Institutional Issues

United States

World

Regulations

Environmental Issues

Politics

Incentives

Externalities (social costs/benefits)

Transmission

References

Economics

Introduction

Factors Affecting Economics

Economic Analyses

Life-Cycle Costs

Present Worth and Levelized Costs

Externalities

Project Development

Cost (Value) of Energy, Different Sources

Bioenergy

Summary

The Future

References

Observations

Solid State Electronics

Internet

Geographic Information Systems

Satellites

Examples

Predictions

Science

Authors’ Predictions

On the Down Side

References

Appendix

About the Authors

Vaughn Nelson has been involved with renewable energy, primarily wind energy, since the early 1970s. Currently, he is retired from West Texas A&M University (WTAMU). He has earned the following degrees: PhD in physics, University of Kansas, EdM, Harvard University, and BSE, Kansas State Teachers College, Emporia. He is the author of three books and four CDs, and has published over 50 articles and reports. In the series Energy and the Environment, Dr. Nelson is the author of Wind Energy (2009, 2nd ed. 2013) and Introduction to Renewable Energy (2011) as well as the 2nd ed. (2015) from CRC Press.

Kenneth Starcher began his college career and involvement with renewables in the same semester at West Texas State University in 1976. It led to a BS in physics/computer science in 1980. He received an MS in engineering technology at West Texas A&M University (WTAMU) in 1995. Ken has been the educational funnel for on-site training and public information for students and public workshops for AEI and has been a field worker for projects at the company since 1980. He has served as a consultant for wind companies in the United States and produced wind resources maps for various areas worldwide.

About the Series

Energy and the Environment

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NAT011000
NATURE / Environmental Conservation & Protection
TEC009010
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Chemical & Biochemical
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TEC031030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Power Resources / Fossil Fuels