Introduction to Biofuels: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Introduction to Biofuels

1st Edition

By David M. Mousdale

CRC Press

455 pages | 147 B/W Illus.

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Description

What role will biofuels play in the scientific portfolio that might bring energy independence and security, revitalize rural infrastructures, and wean us off of our addiction to oil? The shifting energy landscape of the 21st century, with its increased demand for renewable energy technology, poses a worrying challenge. Discussing the multidisciplinary study of bioenergy and its potential for replacing fossil fuels in the coming decades, Introduction to Biofuels provides a roadmap for understanding the broad sweep of technological, sociological, and energy policy issues that intermingle and intertwine.

Copiously illustrated and with numerous examples, this book explores key technologies, including biotechnology, bioprocessing, and genetic reprogramming of microorganisms. The author examines the future of biofuels from a broader perspective, addressing the economic, social, and environmental issues crucial for studying the sustainable development of bioenergy. Each chapter begins with questions and provides the answers later in the chapter as key informational points. Embedded Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) sections provide detailed derivations and equations for a subset of topics that can be found easily as buzzwords in popular media and on web sites. Together, the STEM topics form a thread of essential technologies and a guide to how researchers have established quantitative parameters that are crucial to the ever-growing biofuels database.

With so much information scattered throughout the literature, it is often difficult to make sense of what is real and what is an optimistic selling of ideas with no scientific credibility. This book does an excellent job of filtering through volumes of data, providing a historical perspective on which to anchor the information, and outlining the strengths and constraints of the different biofuels.

Table of Contents

Ethanol as the Leading “First-Generation” Biofuel

Introduction

Historical Development of Ethanol as a Fuel from Neolithic Times to the Twentieth Century

Oil Supply and Oil Price in the Twentieth Century: Necessity and Alternative Fuel Programs

Case Study 1: Brazil and Sugarcane Ethanol

Case Study 2: Starch-Based Ethanol in the United States

Thermodynamic and Environmental Aspects of Ethanol as a Biofuel

Summary

References

Cellulosic Ethanol as a “Second-Generation” Biofuel

Introduction

Bioethanol and Cellulosic Ethanol: The Rise of Biomass-Based Biofuels

Structural and Industrial Chemistry of Cellulosic Biomass

Cellulases: Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biotechnology

Hemicellulases: New Horizons in Energy Biotechnology

Lignin-Degrading Enzymes as Aids to Saccharification

Commercial Choices of Cellulosic Feedstocks for Ethanol Production

Biotechnology and Platform Technologies for Cellulosic Ethanol

Summary

References

Microbiology of Cellulosic Ethanol Production I: Yeasts

Introduction

Traditional Ethanologenic Yeasts

Metabolic Engineering of Yeasts for Cellulosic Ethanol

Toward the Perfect Yeast Ethanologen?

Summary

References

Microbiology of Cellulosic Ethanol Production II: Bacteria

Introduction

Assembling Gene Arrays in Bacteria for Ethanol Production

Thermophilic Species and Cellulosome Bioproduction Technologies

“Designer” Cells and Synthetic Organisms

Summary

References

Biochemical Engineering of Cellulosic Ethanol

Introduction

Case Study: The Iogen Corporation Process with Wheat Straw

Biomass Substrate Pretreatment Strategies

Fermentation Media and the Very High Gravity Concept

Fermentor Design and Novel Fermentor Technologies

Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation and Consolidated Bioprocessing

Downstream Processing and By-products

Summary

References

The Economics of Fuel Ethanol

Introduction

Market Forces and Incentives

Cost Models for Fuel Ethanol Production

Pilot Plant and Industrial Extrapolations for Cellulosic Ethanol

Governmental and Macroeconomic Factors

Summary

References

Advanced Biofuels: The Widening Portfolio of Alternatives to Ethanol

Introduction

Biobutanol and ABE

Bacterial Production of C3–C7 Alcohols and Related Compounds

Glycerol

The MixAlco Process

Biohydrogen

Microbial Fuel Cells: Eliminating the Middlemen of Energy Carriers

Summary

References

Chemically Produced Biofuels

Introduction

Biodiesel: Chemistry and Production Processes

Fischer–ropsch Diesel: Chemical Biomass–iquid Fuel Transformations

Biodiesel from Microalgae and Microbes

Chemical Conversions of Glycerol Produced by Fermentation

Chemical Routes for the Production of Monooxygenated C6 Liquid Fuels from Biomass Carbohydrates

Biomethanol and Biodimethylether

Chemistry and the Emergence of the Hydrogen Economy

Summary

References

Sustainability of Biofuels Production

Introduction

Delivering Biomass Feedstocks for Cellulosic Ethanol Production: The Logistics of a New Industry

Sustainable Development and Biomass Production

Bioenergy Crops and Genetically Manipulated Plants

Summary

References

Biofuels as Products of Integrated Bioprocesses (Biorefineries)

Introduction

The Biorefinery Concept

Biorefinery Entry Routes

Biorefinery Pivotal Products

Central Substrates and Biorefinery Flexibility

When Will the Biobased Economy Be Possible and When Will It Be Unavoidable?

Summary

References

About the Series

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Series

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI010000
SCIENCE / Biotechnology
SCI024000
SCIENCE / Energy
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General