Introduction to Chemical Reactor Analysis: 2nd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Introduction to Chemical Reactor Analysis

2nd Edition

By R.E. Hayes, J.P. Mmbaga

CRC Press

564 pages | 164 B/W Illus.

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Description

Introduction to Chemical Reactor Analysis, Second Edition introduces the basic concepts of chemical reactor analysis and design, an important foundation for understanding chemical reactors, which play a central role in most industrial chemical plants. The scope of the second edition has been significantly enhanced and the content reorganized for improved pedagogical value, containing sufficient material to be used as a text for an undergraduate level two-term course. This edition also contains five new chapters on catalytic reaction engineering.

Written so that newcomers to the field can easily progress through the topics, this text provides sufficient knowledge for readers to perform most of the common reaction engineering calculations required for a typical practicing engineer. The authors introduce kinetics, reactor types, and commonly used terms in the first chapter. Subsequent chapters cover a review of chemical engineering thermodynamics, mole balances in ideal reactors for three common reactor types, energy balances in ideal reactors, and chemical reaction kinetics. The text also presents an introduction to nonideal reactors, and explores kinetics and reactors in catalytic systems.

The book assumes that readers have some knowledge of thermodynamics, numerical methods, heat transfer, and fluid flow. The authors include an appendix for numerical methods, which are essential to solving most realistic problems in chemical reaction engineering. They also provide numerous worked examples and additional problems in each chapter. Given the significant number of chemical engineers involved in chemical process plant operation at some point in their careers, this book offers essential training for interpreting chemical reactor performance and improving reactor operation.

What’s New in This Edition:

  • Five new chapters on catalytic reaction engineering, including various catalytic reactions and kinetics, transport processes, and experimental methods
  • Expanded coverage of adsorption
  • Additional worked problems
  • Reorganized material

Table of Contents

Introduction

Process Development

Basic Building Blocks of Chemical Reaction Engineering

Outline of the Book

Introduction to Chemical Reactions

Classification and Types of Reactors

Reactor Performance Measures

Introduction to Rate Function

Transport Phenomena in Reactors

Numerical Methods

References

The Thermodynamics of Chemical Reactions

Basic Definitions

Energy Changes in Systems

Chemical Reaction Equilibrium

Summary

Problems

References

Mole Balances in Ideal Reactors

General Mole Balance Equation

Perfectly Mixed Batch Reactor

Plug Flow Reactor

Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor

Reaction Rate in Terms of Catalyst Mass

Comparison of PFR and CSTR Performance

Multiple Reactions

Multiple-Reactor Systems

Further Thoughts on Defining Conversion

Transient Reactor Operation

Summary

Problems

Energy Balances in Ideal Reactors

Influence of Temperature on Reactor Operation

General Energy Balance

Batch Reactor

Plug Flow Reactor

Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor

Summary

Problems

References

Chemical Kinetics for Homogeneous Reactions

General Nature of Rate Functions

Reaction Mechanism

Theoretical Analysis of Reaction Rate

Rate Equations for Nonelementary Reactions

Mechanisms and Models

Experimental Methods in Rate Data Collection and Analysis

Summary

Problems

Nonideal Reactor Analysis

Causes of Nonideal Reactor Behavior

Residence Time and Mixing

RTD Function

RTD in Ideal Reactors

Modeling RTD

Mixing in Chemical Reactors

Summary

Problems

References

Introduction to Catalysis

Origins of Catalysis: Historical Perspectives

Definitions and Fundamental Concepts

Thermodynamics

Catalyst Types and Basic Structure

Classification of Vapor-Phase Reactions

Basic Steps in Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactions

Introduction to Catalytic Reactors

Summary

Kinetics of Catalytic Reactions

Adsorption

Rate Expressions for Catalytic Reactions

Mechanisms and Models

Summary

Problems

Reference

Transport Processes in Catalysis

Diffusion in Bulk Phase

External Mass and Heat Transfer Effects

Diffusion in Porous Catalysts

Diffusion with Reaction in Porous Catalysts

Summary

Problems

References

Analysis of Catalytic Reactors

Packed-Bed Reactor: Introduction and Overview

Conservation Equations for Packed Beds

One-Dimensional Steady-State Plug Flow Models

One-Dimensional Steady-State Axial Dispersion Models

Two-Dimensional Steady-State Models

Transient Packed-Bed Models

Transport Properties in Packed Beds

Autothermal Operation of Packed Beds

Fluidized-Bed Reactors

Metal Gauze Reactors

Counter Diffusive Reactor: Radiant Heaters

Monolith Reactors

Reactors for Gas–Liquid–Solid Systems

Summary

Problems

References

Experimental Methods in Catalysis

Kinetic Investigations

Measuring Physical Properties

Electron Microscopy

Surface Science Studies

Summary

Problems

References

Appendix 1: Numerical Methods

Nonlinear Algebraic Equations

Linear Algebraic Equations

Ordinary Differential Equations

Numerical Integration

Numerical Differentiation

Partial Differential Equations

Appendix 2: Thermodynamic Data

Appendix 3: Useful Integrals

Appendix 4: Numerical Software

POLYMATH

MATLAB®

COMSOL Multiphysics

Index

About the Authors

R.E. Hayes is a professor of chemical engineering in the Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada. He received a Ph.D. in chemical engineering at the University of Bath, UK. He is the author or coauthor of numerous research articles in the area of reaction engineering and is a coauthor of the book Introduction to Catalytic Combustion. He is a Fellow of the Canadian Society of Chemical Engineering and a registered professional engineer with the Association of Professional Engineers, Geologists, and Geophysicists of Alberta.

J.P. Mmbagais a senior research associate in the Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada. He obtained his doctorate in chemical engineering from the University of British Columbia, Canada. He has spent more than 25 years in teaching, research, and process consulting in oil and gas processing, energy, and other chemical process industries in Alberta and Tanzania. He has authored and coauthored a number of technical publications and is a member of the Canadian Society of Chemical Engineering and the Association of Professional Engineers, Geologists, and Geophysicists of Alberta.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical