2nd Edition

Introduction to Chemical Reactor Analysis

By R.E. Hayes, J.P. Mmbaga Copyright 2013
    564 Pages 164 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    564 Pages
    by CRC Press

    Introduction to Chemical Reactor Analysis, Second Edition introduces the basic concepts of chemical reactor analysis and design, an important foundation for understanding chemical reactors, which play a central role in most industrial chemical plants. The scope of the second edition has been significantly enhanced and the content reorganized for improved pedagogical value, containing sufficient material to be used as a text for an undergraduate level two-term course. This edition also contains five new chapters on catalytic reaction engineering.

    Written so that newcomers to the field can easily progress through the topics, this text provides sufficient knowledge for readers to perform most of the common reaction engineering calculations required for a typical practicing engineer. The authors introduce kinetics, reactor types, and commonly used terms in the first chapter. Subsequent chapters cover a review of chemical engineering thermodynamics, mole balances in ideal reactors for three common reactor types, energy balances in ideal reactors, and chemical reaction kinetics. The text also presents an introduction to nonideal reactors, and explores kinetics and reactors in catalytic systems. The book assumes that readers have some knowledge of thermodynamics, numerical methods, heat transfer, and fluid flow. The authors include an appendix for numerical methods, which are essential to solving most realistic problems in chemical reaction engineering. They also provide numerous worked examples and additional problems in each chapter. Given the significant number of chemical engineers involved in chemical process plant operation at some point in their careers, this book offers essential training for interpreting chemical reactor performance and improving reactor operation.

    What’s New in This Edition:

    • Five new chapters on catalytic reaction engineering, including various catalytic reactions and kinetics, transport processes, and experimental methods
    • Expanded coverage of adsorption
    • Additional worked problems
    • Reorganized material

    Process Development
    Basic Building Blocks of Chemical Reaction Engineering
    Outline of the Book
    Introduction to Chemical Reactions
    Classification and Types of Reactors
    Reactor Performance Measures
    Introduction to Rate Function
    Transport Phenomena in Reactors
    Numerical Methods

    The Thermodynamics of Chemical Reactions
    Basic Definitions
    Energy Changes in Systems
    Chemical Reaction Equilibrium

    Mole Balances in Ideal Reactors
    General Mole Balance Equation
    Perfectly Mixed Batch Reactor
    Plug Flow Reactor
    Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor
    Reaction Rate in Terms of Catalyst Mass
    Comparison of PFR and CSTR Performance
    Multiple Reactions
    Multiple-Reactor Systems
    Further Thoughts on Defining Conversion
    Transient Reactor Operation

    Energy Balances in Ideal Reactors
    Influence of Temperature on Reactor Operation
    General Energy Balance
    Batch Reactor
    Plug Flow Reactor
    Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor

    Chemical Kinetics for Homogeneous Reactions
    General Nature of Rate Functions
    Reaction Mechanism
    Theoretical Analysis of Reaction Rate
    Rate Equations for Nonelementary Reactions
    Mechanisms and Models
    Experimental Methods in Rate Data Collection and Analysis

    Nonideal Reactor Analysis
    Causes of Nonideal Reactor Behavior
    Residence Time and Mixing
    RTD Function
    RTD in Ideal Reactors
    Modeling RTD
    Mixing in Chemical Reactors

    Introduction to Catalysis
    Origins of Catalysis: Historical Perspectives
    Definitions and Fundamental Concepts
    Catalyst Types and Basic Structure
    Classification of Vapor-Phase Reactions
    Basic Steps in Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactions
    Introduction to Catalytic Reactors

    Kinetics of Catalytic Reactions
    Rate Expressions for Catalytic Reactions
    Mechanisms and Models

    Transport Processes in Catalysis
    Diffusion in Bulk Phase
    External Mass and Heat Transfer Effects
    Diffusion in Porous Catalysts
    Diffusion with Reaction in Porous Catalysts

    Analysis of Catalytic Reactors
    Packed-Bed Reactor: Introduction and Overview
    Conservation Equations for Packed Beds
    One-Dimensional Steady-State Plug Flow Models
    One-Dimensional Steady-State Axial Dispersion Models
    Two-Dimensional Steady-State Models
    Transient Packed-Bed Models
    Transport Properties in Packed Beds
    Autothermal Operation of Packed Beds
    Fluidized-Bed Reactors
    Metal Gauze Reactors
    Counter Diffusive Reactor: Radiant Heaters
    Monolith Reactors
    Reactors for Gas–Liquid–Solid Systems

    Experimental Methods in Catalysis
    Kinetic Investigations
    Measuring Physical Properties
    Electron Microscopy
    Surface Science Studies

    Appendix 1: Numerical Methods
    Nonlinear Algebraic Equations
    Linear Algebraic Equations
    Ordinary Differential Equations
    Numerical Integration
    Numerical Differentiation
    Partial Differential Equations

    Appendix 2: Thermodynamic Data

    Appendix 3: Useful Integrals

    Appendix 4: Numerical Software
    COMSOL Multiphysics



    R.E. Hayes is a professor of chemical engineering in the Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada. He received a Ph.D. in chemical engineering at the University of Bath, UK. He is the author or coauthor of numerous research articles in the area of reaction engineering and is a coauthor of the book Introduction to Catalytic Combustion . He is a Fellow of the Canadian Society of Chemical Engineering and a registered professional engineer with the Association of Professional Engineers, Geologists, and Geophysicists of Alberta.J.P. Mmbaga is a senior research associate in the Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada. He obtained his doctorate in chemical engineering from the University of British Columbia, Canada. He has spent more than 25 years in teaching, research, and process consulting in oil and gas processing, energy, and other chemical process industries in Alberta and Tanzania. He has authored and coauthored a number of technical publications and is a member of the Canadian Society of Chemical Engineering and the Association of Professional Engineers, Geologists, and Geophysicists of Alberta.