Introduction to Estimating, Plan Reading and Construction Techniques  book cover
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Introduction to Estimating, Plan Reading and Construction Techniques




ISBN 9780367209032
Published November 18, 2019 by Routledge
444 Pages

 
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Book Description

To understand Construction Estimating one must also understand plan reading and construction techniques. This book is designed to teach the construction student these three core skills in equal measure. Using hundreds of plans, sketches, and photos, the book builds case studies of the major construction divisions including concrete, masonry, carpentry, and more. Over forty cases are divided into sections following a specially designed format:

Plans: Scale drawings of floor plans, sections, or elevations.

Plan Interpretation: The drawings are explained with comments.

Scope of the Work: A written description of the boundaries of the work is given for each section.

Construction Techniques: The construction processes and their sequence are explained.

The Takeoff: A takeoff is shown at the end of each section.

This approach helps foster confidence in plan reading, building methods, arithmetic, takeoffs, and estimates. The various products and terms used in the industries of structural steel, doors and hardware, and roofing are defined. The shop drawing process is explained, which is so important in many industries, as well as the role of and difference between manufacturers, fabricators, and suppliers/distributors. The book ends with a study of "front end" documents, including Division 00 General Conditions, AIA 201, and Division 01 General Requirements, and a chapter on Ethics. This textbook can be used to teach a variety of classes including plan reading, construction techniques, and estimating 1 and 2 (takeoffs and pricing).

Table of Contents

Introduction

Section 1 How Parts 3, 4, and 6 are covered in this textbook

Section 2 Plans and sketches for Parts 3, 4, and 6

Section 3 Plan interpretation of Parts 3, 4, and 6

Section 4 Scopes of work for Parts 3, 4, and 6

Section 5 Construction techniques for Parts 3, 4, and 6

Section 6 Takeoff formats of Parts 3, 4, and 6

Section 7 How Parts 5, 7, 8, 9, and 10 are covered in this textbook

Section 8 Terminology

Section 9 Parts 11 and 12, contract documents and ethics

 

PART 1: Plans and specifications

 

1 Reading plans

Section 1 Drawing illustrations

Section 2 The interpretation of plans

 

2 Plan types

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 Architects and engineers

Section 3 Plan iterations from schematic to permit sets

Section 4 Civil engineering plan sets

Section 5 Architectural plan sets

Section 6 Structural plan sets

Section 7 Mechanical plan sets

Section 8 Plan Revisions

 

3 The specifications

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 The old 16 divisions and the new CSI master format

Section 3 Three parts of every specification

 

PART 2: Estimating

 

1 Quantities

Section 1 Quantity surveys or takeoffs?

Section 2 Takeoff rules and standard procedures

Section 3 Summary

 

2 Pricing

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 Unit price sheet

Section 3 P/S sheet

Section 4 Church estimate

 

3 A short history of bonding and liens

Section 1 The Heard and Miller acts

Section 2 Bid bonds

Section 3 Payment bonds

Section 4 Performance bonds

Section 5 Bonding companies

Section 6 Liens

 

PART 3: Concrete

 

1 Introduction

Section 1 Ruling body, the American Concrete Institute

Section 2 Form reinforce and pour

Section 3 Concrete takeoffs

Section 4 Formwork takeoffs

Section 5 Concrete reinforcement

Section 6 Excavation and grading

Section 7 Summary

 

2 Isolated concrete pads

Section 1 Drawings and photos of concrete pads

Section 2 Earthforming concrete pads

Section 3 Overexcavation and edgeform concrete pads up to 12high

Section 4 Plywood forms for concrete pads over 12high

 

3 Continuous concrete footings

Section 1 Photos and drawing(s)

Section 2 Centerlines and rectangles

Section 3 Footings and backfill

Section 4 Footing stepdowns

 

4 Slabs on grade

Section 1 Photos and drawing(s)

Section 2 Fill dirt and slab thickened edges

Section 3 Thickened slabs

Section 4 Embeds

 

5 Monolithic slabs

Section 1 Photos and drawing(s)

Section 2 Changing triangles into rectangles

Section 3 Brick ledges

Section 4 Basketball courts and keyways

 

6 Concrete walls

Section 1 Photos and drawing(s)

Section 2 Wall formwork design

Section 3 Blockouts

Section 4 Retaining walls and waterstop

Section 5 Concrete walls

 

7 Concrete columns

Section 1 Photos and drawing(s)

Section 2 Foundation piers

Section 3 Columns, chamfer strips, and recesses

 

8 Concrete beams

Section 1 Photos and drawing(s)

Section 2 Tie beams and beam bottoms

Section 3 Concrete beams

Section 4 Rake beams

 

9 Elevated concrete slabs

Section 1 Photos and drawing(s)

Section 2 Slab on deck

Section 3 Second floor porch and stairs

 

PART 4: Masonry

 

1 Products and metrics

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 Masonry contractors and products

Section 3 Block openings

Section 4 Counting block

Section 5 Counting concrete in blocks

Section 6 Bricks

 

2 Foundation blocks

Section 1 Photos and drawing(s)

Section 2 Header blocks

Section 3 Elevator shaft

Section 4 Lintel blocks

 

3 Single-story block walls

Section 1 Photos and drawing(s)

Section 2 Block wall case study

Section 3 Wall length quiz

Section 4 Bond beams and precast U lintels

Section 5 Block columns and outs

 

4 Multiple block wall heights

Section 1 Photos and drawing(s)

Section 2 Material bin block walls

Section 3 Block walls and door headers

Section 4 Block walls

 

5 Sloping block walls

Section 1 Photos and drawing(s)

Section 2 12block

Section 3 Special block

 

6 Brick

Section 1 Photos and drawing(s)

Section 2 Brick veneer

Section 3 Solid brick walls

 

PART 5: Steel

 

1 Structural steel

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 The AISC and the steel manual

Section 3 Drawings

Section 4 Subcontractors and suppliers

Section 5 Structural steel products

Section 6 Steel connections

Section 7 Construction techniques

Section 8 Estimating

Section 9 A short history of American steel

 

2 Steel joists and steel decks

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 Ruling bodies, SJI and SDI

Section 3 Steel joist products and profiles

Section 4 Steel deck products and profiles

Section 5 Steel joist designations and characteristics

Section 6 Joist and deck suppliers and contractors

Section 7 Joist and deck plans

Section 8 Steel joist bearing, bridging, and extensions

Section 9 Construction techniques

Section 10 Joist and deck fireproofing

Section 11 Estimating

 

3 Miscellaneous steel

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 Shop drawings

Section 3 Wrought iron architecture and ornamental metals

Section 4 Fabrication

Section 5 Handrails and guardrails

Section 6 Bollards

Section 7 Stairwells and metal pans

Section 8 Campus stair tower plans

Section 9 Stair tower takeoff

Section 10 Photo of three misc. steel projects

 

PART 6: Carpentry

 

1 Products and metrics

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 Wood components not shown on plans

Section 3 Lumber types and metrics

Section 4 Units of measure

Section 5 Conversion factors

Section 6 Measuring areas and lengths of inclined surfaces

Section 7 Carpentry takeoffs

Section 8 Waste factors

 

2 Floor framing

Section 1 Photos and drawing(s)

Section 2 Boardwalk

Section 3 First floor framing

Section 4 Second floor framing

 

3 Wall framing

Section 1 Photos and drawing(s)

Section 2 Frame wall case study

Section 3 4, 6, and 12stud walls

Section 4 Three-wall addition

Section 5 Two-story platform framing

Section 6 Sloping walls

 

4 Ceiling and roof framing

Section 1 Photos and drawing(s)

Section 2 Roof framing case study

Section 3 Trusses, sheathing, and soffit

Section 4 Ceiling joists and chases

Section 5 Roof framing

 

PART 7: Thermal and moisture protection

 

1 Asphalt shingles

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 The shingle product

Section 3 Construction techniques

Section 4 Estimating

 

2 Metal flashing

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 Common flashings

Section 3 Wall flashing

Section 4 Curbs and gutters

 

3 Metal roofing

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 Substrates for metal roofs

Section 3 Architectural metal panels

Section 4 Structural metal panels

Section 5 Metals and metal problems

 

4 Moisture protection and waterproofing

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 Vapor barriers (retarders)

Section 3 Waterproofing and dampproofing

Section 4 Estimating

 

PART 8: Door and window openings

 

1 Doors, frames, and hardware

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 Ruling body, the Door and Hardware Institute

Section 3 Suppliers and distributors

Section 4 Door frames

Section 5 Plans and door schedules

Section 6 Submittals and shop drawings

Section 7 Egress and fire ratings

Section 8 Lock terminology

Section 9 Construction techniques

Section 10 Dudley job estimate

 

PART 9: Finishes

 

1 Metal studs

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 Ruling bodies, SSMA and SFIA

Section 3 Designations

Section 4 Products

Section 5 Estimating

Section 6 Wood blocking

 

2 Gypsum board

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 Ruling body, the Gypsum Association

Section 3 Gypsum products

Section 4 Gypsum identification

Section 5 Handling and storage

Section 6 Smoke barriers

Section 7 Fire resistance

Section 8 Techniques

Section 9 Joint compound

Section 10 Estimating

 

PART 10: Specialties

 

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 Suppliers and distributors

Section 3 Submittals

Section 4 Wood blocking

Section 5 Schoolhouse plans, specifications, and legends

Section 6 Schoolhouse estimate

 

PART 11: Construction documents

 

1 What is (and isn’t) a contract document

Section 1 Construction documents

Section 2 The project manual

Section 3 The drawings and technical specifications

Section 4 Addenda

Section 5 The generals and their conditions

Section 6 The contract between owner and contractor, articles 5.3.1, 1.1.1, 1.1.2

 

2 Division 00 General Conditions

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 Owners and users of facilities

Section 3 The architect’s authority

Section 4 The contractor’s responsibility

Section 5 The contractor’s submittals

Section 6 Change orders

Section 7 Claims

Section 8 Delays

Section 9 Payment

Section 10 Closeout

Section 11 Unforeseen fire line case

Section 12 Gooseneck faucet case

 

3 Division 01 General Requirements

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 Pre-bid

Section 3 The bid

Section 4 Preconstruction

Section 5 During construction and the project site

 

PART 12: Ethics

 

Section 1 Introduction

Section 2 Bad practice

Section 3 Estimating

Section 4 The bid price

Section 5 The bid date

Section 6 Plans

Section 7 Payment

Section 8 Performance

 

Glossaries

Concrete glossary

Masonry glossary

Steel joist and steel deck glossary

Carpentry glossary

Doors and hardware glossary

 

Index

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Author(s)

Biography

Gary Anglin is a construction firm owner with over 35 years' experience and former Adjunct Professor at the Rinker School of Building Construction, University of Florida, USA.

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