1st Edition

Introduction to Flexible Electronics

By Aftab M. Hussain Copyright 2022
    313 Pages 120 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    The field of flexible electronics has grown rapidly over the last two decades with diverse applications including wearable gadgets and medical equipment. This textbook comprehensively covers the fundamental aspects of flexible electronics along with materials and processing techniques. It discusses topics including flexural rigidity, flexible PCBs, organic semiconductors, nanostructured materials, material reliability, electronic reliability, crystalline and polymer materials, semiconductor processing, and flexible silicon in depth. The text covers advantages, disadvantages, and applications of processes such as sol-gel processing and ink-jet printing. Pedagogical features such as solved problems and unsolved exercises are interspersed throughout the text for better understanding.


    • Covers major areas such as materials, physics, processes, and applications of flexible electronics
    • Contains homework problems for readers to understand concepts in an easy manner
    • Discusses, in detail, various types of materials, such as flexible silicon, metal oxides, and organic semiconductors
    • Explains the application of flexible electronics in displays, solar cells, and batteries
    • Includes a section on stretchable electronics

    This textbook is primarily written for senior undergraduate and graduate students in electrical engineering, electronics, materials science, chemistry, and communication engineering for a course on flexible electronics. Teaching resources are available, including a solutions manual for instructors.

    Part I: Introduction

    1. Introduction

    2. Physics of Flexible Electronics

    3. Semiconductor Basics

    Part II: Materials

    4. Flexible Silicon

    5. Organic Electronic Materials

    6. Metal Oxide Semiconductors

    7. III-V Semiconductors

    8. Nanostructured Materials

    Part III: Integration Strategies

    9. Substrates, Transfer, and Bonding

    10. Barriers, Insulators, and Packaging

    11. Flexible Printed Circuit Boards

    12. Printed Electronics

    Part IV: Applications

    13. Flexible Processors

    14. Flexible Memory

    15. Flexible Displays

    16. Flexible Energy Generation and Storage Devices

    17. Flexible Sensors and Actuators

    Part V: The Road Ahead

    18. Stretchable Electronics

    19. Reliability and Future Outlook


    Aftab is currently an Assistant Professor at International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) Hyderabad and the Principal Investigator of the PATRIoT Lab. Aftab earned his Bachelor’s degree from IIT Roorkee in 2009, followed by his M.S. and Ph.D. from KAUST in 2016. He was awarded a postdoctoral fellowship at the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) at Harvard University in 2017-2018. Aftab has more than nine years of experience working with device fabrication, thin film characterization and device testing, along with sensor applications in IoT and related areas. His research focus is flexible and stretchable electronics and their applications in various IoT domains such as healthcare, mobility and smart cities. He has more than 80 scientific publications, holds four granted US patents, along with six others in various stages of filing. He is a member of the Executive Committee (ExeCom) of IEEE CAS/EDS joint chapter in Hyderabad and an Associate Editor (Flexible Electronics) at Frontiers of Electronics journal.