Introduction to Hazard Control Management: A Vital Organizational Function, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Introduction to Hazard Control Management

A Vital Organizational Function, 1st Edition

By James T. Tweedy

CRC Press

288 pages | 3 B/W Illus.

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The International Board for the Certification of Safety Managers (IBFCSM) has designated this text as the Primary Study Reference for those preparing to sit for the Certified Hazard Control Manager (CHCM) and the Certified Hazard Control Manager-Security (CHCM-SEC) Examinations. Introduction to Hazard Control Management: A Vital Organizational Function explains how proven management and leadership principles can improve hazard control and safety management effectiveness in organizations of all types and sizes.

This introductory text addresses hazard control and safety management as organizational functions, instead of just programs. It not only supplies a broad overview of essential concepts—including identifying, analyzing, and controlling hazards—but also promotes the importance of safe behaviors. Written by the Executive Director of IBFCSM, the book covers a broad array of hazards that can exist in most organizations. It focuses on the need to use good leadership, effective communication, and proven management techniques to prevent organizational losses.

  • Addresses the inter-relationships of various organizational functions that support hazard control, accident prevention, and safety
  • Includes an overview of emergency management, hazardous materials, and fire safety management
  • Reviews occupational health, radiation safety, and emerging hazards such as nanotechnology and robotic safety

Emphasizing the importance of effective communication skills in hazard control efforts, this book promotes an understanding of system safety methodologies and organizational culture to help you control hazards, prevent accidents, and reduce other losses in your organization. It expands on the foundational principles contained in the pamphlet: The Management Approach to Hazard Control. This book is an ideal reference for anyone wanting to learn more about managing hazards, encouraging safe behaviors, and leading hazard control efforts.

Table of Contents

Hazard Control Concepts and Principles

Hazard Control Management

Program or Function

Hazard Control Is Good Business

Hazard Control Responsibilities

Hazard Control Manager Responsibilities

Supervisor Responsibilities

Addressing Behaviors

Employee Engagement

Working with Employee Organizations

Hazard Control Practice

Hazard Control Policy Statements

Hazard Control Plan

Objectives and Goals

Reviewing Plans, Policies, and Procedures


Hazard Identification

Managing Hazards

Preparing for Inspections

Inspection Reports

Hazard Analysis

Change Analysis

Creative Hazard Analysis

Risk Analysis

Phase Hazard Analysis

Process Hazard Analysis

Job Hazard Analysis

Job Design

Hazard Control and Correction

Engineering Controls

Administrative Controls

Work Practices Controls

Warnings, Signs, and Labels

Personal Protective Equipment

Eye and Face Protection

Head Protection

Foot Protection

Arm and Hand Protection

Body and Torso Protection

Hazard Control Committees and Teams

Hazard Survey Teams

Evaluation of Hazard Control Function Effectiveness

Areas to Evaluate

Review Exercises

Leadership and Management


Practical Leadership

Ethics and Leadership


Management Theories

Peter Drucker

Classic Management Theory

Motivation-Hygiene Theory

Managerial Grid

Theory S

Theory Z

Learning Organizations and Managing Knowledge

Decision Making

Management by Exception

Functions of Management







Improvement Management


SIX SIGMA and Safety

Project Management

Psychological Safety

Crisis Management

Organizational Dynamics

Traditional Organizational Structure

Organizational Culture

Covert and Overt Cultures

The Grapevine

Culture Socialization

Culture Change

Effective Speaking and Writing


Communication Barriers

Effective Writing

Purpose for Writing

Persuasive Writing


Writing a Report

Review Exercises

Understanding Accidents

Accident Causation Theories

Henri Heinrich’s Five-Factor Accident Sequence

Multiple-Causation Theory

Biased-Liability Theory

Accident Pyramid

Prevention of Fatal Events

Human Factors


Motivating People

Accident-Deviation Models

Accident Reporting

Accident Investigations

Classifying Causal Factors

Interviewing Witnesses

Accident Analysis

Root-Cause Analysis (RCA)

Accident Reports

Organizational Functions That Support Accident Prevention

Interfacing Support Functions

Operational and Support Functions

Human Resources

Facility Management


Employee Health

Shift Workers

Worker Compensation

Return-to-Work/Modified-Duty Positions

Substance Abuse

Orientation, Education, and Training

Providing Adequate Sessions

Training and Hazard Control

Training Methods

Off-the-Job Safety Education

Instructional System Design (ISD)

Promoting Hazard Control

Review Exercises

Hazard Control—Related Disciplines

Common Facility Hazards

Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls

Electrical Safety

Noise Hazards

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Systems

Indoor Air Quality

General Machine and Tool Safety

Powered Industrial Trucks (29 CFR 1910.178)

Ladder and Scaffold Safety

Control of Hazardous Energy (29 CFR 1910.147)

Permit Confined Spaces (29 CFR 1910.146)

System Safety and Engineering

System-Related Discovery Tools

Industrial Hygiene

Ergonomics and Human Factors

Robotic Safety

Environmental Management

Product Safety

Hazard Analysis Control Critical Point

Laboratory Safety

Infection Control

Private and Industrial Security

Fleet and Vehicle Safety

Safe Practices for Motor Vehicle Operations (ANSI/ASSE Z15.1 Standard)

Review Exercises

Government, Consensus, and Voluntary Organizations

Federal Register

Code of Federal Regulations

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission

Environmental Protection Agency

Department of Transportation

Mine Safety and Health Administration

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Department of Health and Human Services

Department of Homeland Security

National Transportation Safety Board

Chemical Safety Board

Consumer Product Safety Commission

Consensus Standards Organizations

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists

American National Standards Institute

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers

American Society of Testing Materials International

Compressed Gas Association

Factory Mutual Research Corporation

International Electrotechnical Commission

National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements

National Fire Protection Association

National Sanitation Foundation International

Safety Equipment Institute

Underwriters Laboratories

National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors

Professional Society and Membership Associations

Society for Human Resource Management

American Association of Occupational Health Nurses

Association of Occupational Health Professionals

American Chemistry Council

American Health Care Association

American Hospital Association

American Industrial Hygiene Association

American Osteopathic Association

American Public Health Association

American Society of Healthcare Engineering

American Society of Industrial Security

American Society of Safety Engineers

American Welding Society


ECRI Institute

Ergonomics Society

Health Physics Society

Human Factors and Ergonomics Society

International Association of Nanotechnology

International Consumer Product Health and Safety Organization

International Organization for Standardization

International System Safety Society

National Restaurant Association National Safety Council

Risk and Insurance Management Society

Review Exercises

Managing Hazardous Materials


Respiratory Protection (29 CFR 1910.134)

Types of Respirators

Determining Cartridge Type and Selecting Respirators

Medical Evaluations

Fit Testing

Training and Information

Program Evaluation

Recordkeeping Requirements

Physical Properties of Hazardous Materials

Airborne Exposure

OSHA Additive Formula

Emergency Showers and Eyewashes

Chemical Storage Considerations

Compressed Gas Safety

OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200)

Globally Harmonized System

Major Hazard Communication Standard Changes

Label Changes in the Revised Hazard Communication Standard

Safety Data Sheet Changes

Addressing Pyrophoric Gases, Simple Asphyxiant, and Combustible Dust

Managing and Communicating Changes to the Hazard Communication


Employee Training

Aspects of Pesticide Regulation That GHS Does Not Affect

Piping Systems Identification (ANSI Z13.1)

DOT Hazardous Material Regulations



Common Workplace Chemical Hazards

Managing Waste

Other Types of Hazardous Waste

Universal Waste

Medical Waste

Electronic Waste (E-Waste)

Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Standard

Chemical Protective Clothing

Process Safety Management

Ionizing Radiation

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Ionizing Exposures

Agreement State Program

Units of Measure

National Council on Radiation Protection

Food and Drug Administration

OSHA Ionizing Radiation Standard (29 CFR 1910.1096)

Radioactive Waste Management

OSHA Nonionizing Radiation Standard (29 CFR 1910.97)

Standards for RF Exposures and Measurements

Ultraviolet Radiation

Visible and Infrared

Laser Standards

ANSI Z-136.1, Safe Use of Lasers

ANSI Z-136.3, Safe Use of Lasers in Health Care

ANSI Z136.4, Recommended Practice for Laser Safety Measurements

ANSI Z136.5, Safe Use of Lasers in Educational Institutions

ANSI Z136.6, Safe Use of Lasers Outdoors

ANSI Z136.7, Testing and Labeling of Laser Protective Equipment

ANSI Z136.8, Safe Use of Lasers in Research, Development, or Testing

Laser Hazard Classification

Class 1 Lasers

Class 2 Lasers

Class 1M Lasers

Class 2M Lasers

Class 3R Lasers

Class 3B Lasers

Class 4 Lasers

Laser Safety Officers


NIOSH Research

Review Exercises

Fire Safety and Emergency Management

Life Safety Code, National Fire Protection Association 101

Understanding Fire


Fire Safety Evaluation System

Design Considerations

Fire Prevention

General Alarm Requirements

Fire System Inspections

Fire Confinement

Emergency Exits

Emergency Lighting

OSHA Egress and Exit Standards

Portable Fire Extinguishers (29CFR 1910.157)


Portable Fire Extinguishers

Marking Extinguishers

Flammable and Combustible Materials

Fire and Chemical Hazard Symbols

Electrical Equipment Installations

OSHA Emergency Action Requirements

Emergency Management

Organizational Emergency Medical Care and First Aid

Dealing with Risk

Disaster Management and Business Continuity

Emergency Management Planning

Incident Command System

Operations and Planning


Finance or Administration

Communication and Information Management

Common Incident Command System Principles and Terms


Community Involvement

Health-Care Facilities

Weather-Related Emergencies

Tropical Storms and Hurricanes




Winter Storms



Technology Emergencies

Transportation Accidents

Bomb Threats

Information and Communication Emergencies

Telecommunications Service Priority Program

Government Emergency Telecommunications Service Program

Wireless Priority Service

Cyber Attack Incident Response

Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program

Planning for Terrorism

Biological Agents

Bacteria, Viruses, and Toxins

Chemical Agents

Blood Agents

Blister Agents (Vesicants)

Choking Agents

Irritating Agents

Nerve Agents

Industrial Chemical Agents

Nuclear Devices

Nuclear Incident Response Team of Department of Energy

National Nuclear Security Administration

National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health Publication

Number 2002-139

National Disaster Medical System

Pandemic Planning

Review Exercises


Hazard Control Management Evaluation Scoring System

Hazard Control Perception Survey

Sample Hazard Correction Form

Sample Hazard Control Status Report

Hazard Control Improvement Principles

Accident Causal Factors Chart

Sample Ergonomic Symptom Report

Hazardous Material Exposure Limits and Terms

Hazardous Material Ratings

Small-Facility HAZCOM Training Record

Small-Facility Model Hazard Communication Plan

NFPA Codes and Standards Listing

Occupational Safety and Health Administration Personal Protective Equipment Hazard Assessment Form

Sample Initial Accident Investigation Form

Small-Facility Model Respirator Plan

Sample Workplace Violence Prevention Policy

Hazard Control–Related Acronyms

Hazard Control Glossary of Terms

Suggested Reading


About the Author

James T. Tweedy (Jim) has served as the executive director for the International Board for Certification of Safety Managers (IBFCSM), which is also known as the Board of Certified Hazard Control Management, since 2007. IBFCSM, founded in 1976, offers the following personal credentials: certified healthcare safety professional (CHSP), certified patient safety officer (CPSO), certified hazard control manager (CHCM), certified healthcare emergency professional (CHEP), certified product safety manager (CPSM), and certified hazard control manager-security (CHCM-SEC).

Jim founded TLC Services, a health-care, hazard-control, organizational-performance, and educational-consulting organization, in 1996. He has more than 25 years of experience with expertise in the areas of credentialing, hazard control, health-care safety, leadership and team development, education, and compliance. He holds an MS in safety management from Central Missouri University and a BS in liberal studies from Excelsior College. He holds many master-level designations such as CHCM, CPSO, CPSM, CHSP, and CHEP. He also holds a professional membership in the American Society of Safety Engineers and is a member of the American Society of Healthcare Engineering.

James is the author of the best-selling textbook, Healthcare Hazard Control and Safety Management, now in its second edition. This book has been used by thousands of health-care organizations as a daily reference resource. Jim is a polished speaker who presents safety-related topics at seminars, conferences, and in the workplace. He taught more than six years at the college level and is an experienced curriculum developer. He has developed and presented original training programs at locations in more than 40 states. He is a recognized leader in the area of healthcare safety and hazard-control management.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW / Environmental
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety